OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9705, ISSN Online: 2333-9721). It accepts a manuscript for the peer-review processing, typesetting, publication and then allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. For more details, please contact service@oalib.com. Submit now
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Mar 31, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Venomous Stings and Bites in the Tropics (Malaysia): Review (Non-Snake Related)

Xin Y. Er, Iman D. Johan Arief, Rafiq Shajahan, Faiz Johan Arief, Naganathan Pillai
The success in conservation and increase in number of nature reserves resulted in repopulation of wildlife across the country. Whereas areas which are not conserved experience deforestation and destruction of animal’s natural habitat. Both of these scenarios predispose mankind to the encounter of animals, some of which carry toxins and cause significant harm. This review dwells into the envenomation by organisms from the land and sea, excluding snakes which are discussed separately. Rapid recogn...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107230


Mar 25, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Preliminary Assessment of Chiropteran Fauna within Kayam Forest (Inucarpus fagifer) in Barangay Pagatpatan, Butuan City, Philippines

Glenn L. Betco, Meljan T. Demetillo, Clyde Salanatin, Archie A. Along, Alvin B. Goloran
Bats conservation studies in Butan City particularly within Kayan Forest are poorly studied and not even documented in the place. This study was purposely conducted to document and identify bats species in the unique forest. Diversity and assessment were conducted in different strategic locations along the portion of the lower Agusan River particularly in a well-known Kayam Forest (Inucarpus fagifer) in Butuan City, Philippines. The bats’ assessment was made through the mist-netting captu...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107251


Mar 24, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Venomous Terrestrial Snakes in the Tropics of Malaysia: Review

Iman D. Johan Arief, Xin Y. Er, Rafiq Shajahan, Faiz Johan Arief, Naganathan Pillai
The tropics of Malaysia have plenty to offer when it comes to its biodiversity. In the animal kingdom, snakes play a crucial role and form a large component in the ecosystem, with human envenomation being a fairly common problem. From 1965 to 1971, there were 5203 reported cases of venomous snake bites throughout Malaysia, 18 of which being fatal cases. Symptomatology varies, ranging from mild local symptoms on one end of the spectrum to life threatening systemic manifestation on the other end. ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107231


Feb 09, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Bluetongue Virus Infection in Ruminants: A Review Paper

Mateus de Oliveira Vial, Brennda Vitorino Corrêa, Ana Clara Malegoni, Tayná Bolsam da Silva, Lara Cassaro, Luiz Alexandre Moscon, Diogo Almeida Rondon, Clairton Marcolongo Pereira
Bluetongue is an infectious, viral, non-contagious disease, caused by the virus of the genus Orbivirus and family Reoviridae, being transmitted by hematophagous vectors of the genus Culicoides to domestic and wild ruminants. The disease mainly affects sheep. The infection is related to the climatic conditions of high temperatures and high humidity, which favor the proliferation of vectors. The disease is characterized by systemic hemorrhagic viral fever, caused by vascular injury a...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107150


Jun 11, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Canine Babesiosis in Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State

Moses Ojonugwa Oguche, Israel Joshua Barde, Mayowa Peter Olabode, Waziri Ibrahim Anjili, Victor Haruna, Daniel Apeh, Samson Mark, Joshua Bako Mafulul, Khalin Suleiman Wujat
A study on the prevalence of canine babesiosis was carried out at Jos south Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria, between May and June 2019. Giemsa stained blood smears of 150 dogs revealed that 20 (13.33%) of the dogs were positive with Babesia canis. Among these, 63 (42.00%) were puppies aged less than 6 months, and 87 (58.00%) are adult dogs aged 9 months and above infected by the parasite. However, the age is found significantly correlated with Babesia canis as all the positives a...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106401


Mar 20, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Production Systems and Contribution on Characterization of Local Chickens in Smallholder Farmer in Sud-Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

M. M. D. Katunga, K. F. Balemirwe, F. Masheka, P. Zamukulu
Sud-Kivu province in DRC faces to malnutrition of his population. Agriculture and especially livestock have a low yield due to bad government, low diseases control, lack of feed, inappropriate chicken’s accommodation. Importation of food is very high. A survey was implemented on local chickens rearing in Bukavu town and his hinterland territories of Kabare, Walungu and Kalehe in Sud-Kivu. Conducted at the household level, standard methods of interviews and structured questionnaires were used on ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106171


Mar 25, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Predation Record of Tropical House Gecko (Hemidactylus mabouia) (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) by Guira Cuckoo (Guira guira) (Aves: Cuculiformes: Cuculidae) in the Region of Arraial do Cabo, East Coast of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

Marcelo Tardelli Rodrigues, Rodrigo Cumplido, David Steinwender, David Braga Quintanilha, Ubirajara Goncalves de Melo Junior, Patricia de Oliveira Paiva Quintanilha, Luisa Maria Diele-Viegas
The tropical house gecko is an exotic and invasive lizard that has a wide distribution in the New World. Throughout its area of occurrence, the species is predated by several native predators, such as spiders, lizards, snakes, birds, and mammals. The guira cuckoo is a widely distributed bird in South America, usually found in man-impacted regions. The species feeds mainly on arthropods, small vertebrates, and reptiles, such as liz
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.6, 2019
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105289


Mar 25, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Records of Southern Sea Lion (Otaria flavescens) (Mammalia: Carnivora: Otariidae) and Total Mercury (THg) Levels in Muscle Tissue of a Specimen on the East Coast of Rio de Janeiro State, Southeastern Brazil

Marcelo Tardelli Rodrigues, Eduardo Barros Fagundes Netto, Rodrigo Cumplido, Ubirajara Goncalves de Melo Junior, David Braga Quintanilha, Eliane Teixeira Mársico, Micheli da Silva Ferreira Ascoli, Carlos Frederico Marques Guimaraes
This study aims to present records of southern sea lions (Otaria flavescens) on the coast of Arraial do Cabo, located on the east coast of Rio de Janeiro State, southeastern Brazil, and information on the levels of total mercury (THg) found in muscle tissue of a specimen collected in the study area. Between July 2003 and February 2017, 5 occurrences of southern sea lions were recorded in the study area. Four of these records were
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.6, 2019
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105290


Aug 27, 2018Open    AccessArticle

A Review and the Length-Weight Relationship of Bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766), Pisces: Pomatomidae, at the Marine Extractive Reserve (RESEX-Mar) of Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

Rodrigo Cumplido, Eduardo Barros Fagundes Netto, Marcelo Tardelli Rodrigues, Ubirajara Gon?alves de Melo Junior, Paulo Alberto Silva da Costa
The bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766), the only representative of the Pomatomidae family, is a key fishing resource that represents a substantial part of the landings at RESEX-Mar of Arraial do Cabo-RJ. The spec
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.5, 2018
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1104770


Apr 17, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Occurrence of Important Viral and Bacterial Diseases in Poultry Flocks in District Khairpur Mir’s, Sindh, Pakistan

Rehana Aslam, Zaibun-Nisa Memon, Dilpat Rai Menghwar, Qalender Bux, Hakim Ali Keerio
The present study was conducted to determine the occurrence of two viral and one bacterial disease in four Tahsils of Khairpur District during June 2014-June 2015. The study was conduct on the clinical signs, symptoms and postmortem examination. The data were collected randomly; five farms were selected from Khairpur District. The results shows high mortality rate in all Tahsils were observed (1.17%) due to IBD from all Tahsils fo
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.5, 2018
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1104488


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