OALib Journal
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Oct 10, 2023Open    Access

Prevalence of Salmonella and Campylobacter in Chicken among the Different Farming Systems in Papua New Guinea (PNG)

Lydia Tasi, Jayaprakash Reddy, Mohammad Yazid Abdad, Amenda Wilson
This trial was conducted to identify the prevalence of Salmonella and Campylobacter in different farming practices: commercial, semi-commercial, and subsistence farms in the four regions; Southern, Highland, Momase, and New Guinea Island (NGI) in PNG. The research was conducted at Institute of Med-ical Research (IMR) at Goroka, Eastern Highland Province. The samples used in the experiment were retrospective samples that were collected in 2011 and 2012 among the four regions and at ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107851


Mar 31, 2023Open    Access

Notes on Meliponini (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Apinae) of Costa Rica: A Rescue Project of the South Caribe, Limón

Marcela Sánchez-Ocampo, Diego Monge-Villegas, Carlos Cortés-Castillo
Wild populations of stingless bees in Costa Rica present a valuable information gap in terms of wild ecology, due to the great difficulty that national parks and biological reserves represent to carry out population studies due to their great exemption. Due to this, the meliponarium and rescue projects of these bees provide an important opportunity for their study since they bring together local wild populations in the same physical space. In Costa Rica, there are several types of Wildlife Manag...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109916


Jun 29, 2022Open    Access

Histopathological Changes in the Intestine of Infected Pigeons (Columba livia domestica) by Helminth Parasites from Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia

Mashael A. Aldamigh, Amaal H. Hassan, Ahlam A. Alahmadi
It has been reported that parasite infection can significantly harm domestic pigeons. In this study, we wanted to assess the histopathological changes caused by helminth infection. A total of thirty-five domestic pigeons (C. l. domestica) purchased from Al-Qassim region in Saudi Arabia were included in this study. Among those, nine pigeons (25.71%) were infected with helminth parasites of a cestode (Raillietina species) and a nematode (Ascaridia columbae). It was observed th...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108916


Feb 28, 2022Open    Access

The Impacts of Anthropogenic Activities on the Surface Sediment Quality of Okpare Creek in Niger Delta, Nigeria

Ikegu Onajite, Olomukoro John Ovie
Anthropogenic activities along Okpare creek are mainly farming, irrigation, fishing, domestic activities, lumbering and sand mining and these activities can alter some natural components of the creek, hence this study aimed to assess the impact of anthropogenic activities on the surface sediment quality of Okpare Creek in Niger Delta. The sediment samples were collected and analyzed for physiochemical parameters as well as heavy metal content. Sediment quality parameters examined were pH, electr...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107686


Mar 31, 2021Open    Access

Venomous Stings and Bites in the Tropics (Malaysia): Review (Non-Snake Related)

Xin Y. Er, Iman D. Johan Arief, Rafiq Shajahan, Faiz Johan Arief, Naganathan Pillai
The success in conservation and increase in number of nature reserves resulted in repopulation of wildlife across the country. Whereas areas which are not conserved experience deforestation and destruction of animal’s natural habitat. Both of these scenarios predispose mankind to the encounter of animals, some of which carry toxins and cause significant harm. This review dwells into the envenomation by organisms from the land and sea, excluding snakes which are discussed separately. Rapid recogn...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107230


Mar 25, 2021Open    Access

Preliminary Assessment of Chiropteran Fauna within Kayam Forest (Inucarpus fagifer) in Barangay Pagatpatan, Butuan City, Philippines

Glenn L. Betco, Meljan T. Demetillo, Clyde Salanatin, Archie A. Along, Alvin B. Goloran
Bats conservation studies in Butan City particularly within Kayan Forest are poorly studied and not even documented in the place. This study was purposely conducted to document and identify bats species in the unique forest. Diversity and assessment were conducted in different strategic locations along the portion of the lower Agusan River particularly in a well-known Kayam Forest (Inucarpus fagifer) in Butuan City, Philippines. The bats’ assessment was made through the mist-netting captu...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107251


Mar 24, 2021Open    Access

Venomous Terrestrial Snakes in the Tropics of Malaysia: Review

Iman D. Johan Arief, Xin Y. Er, Rafiq Shajahan, Faiz Johan Arief, Naganathan Pillai
The tropics of Malaysia have plenty to offer when it comes to its biodiversity. In the animal kingdom, snakes play a crucial role and form a large component in the ecosystem, with human envenomation being a fairly common problem. From 1965 to 1971, there were 5203 reported cases of venomous snake bites throughout Malaysia, 18 of which being fatal cases. Symptomatology varies, ranging from mild local symptoms on one end of the spectrum to life threatening systemic manifestation on the other end. ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107231


Feb 09, 2021Open    Access

Bluetongue Virus Infection in Ruminants: A Review Paper

Mateus de Oliveira Vial, Brennda Vitorino Corrêa, Ana Clara Malegoni, Tayná Bolsam da Silva, Lara Cassaro, Luiz Alexandre Moscon, Diogo Almeida Rondon, Clairton Marcolongo Pereira
Bluetongue is an infectious, viral, non-contagious disease, caused by the virus of the genus Orbivirus and family Reoviridae, being transmitted by hematophagous vectors of the genus Culicoides to domestic and wild ruminants. The disease mainly affects sheep. The infection is related to the climatic conditions of high temperatures and high humidity, which favor the proliferation of vectors. The disease is characterized by systemic hemorrhagic viral fever, caused by vascular injury a...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107150


Jun 11, 2020Open    Access

Prevalence of Canine Babesiosis in Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State

Moses Ojonugwa Oguche, Israel Joshua Barde, Mayowa Peter Olabode, Waziri Ibrahim Anjili, Victor Haruna, Daniel Apeh, Samson Mark, Joshua Bako Mafulul, Khalin Suleiman Wujat
A study on the prevalence of canine babesiosis was carried out at Jos south Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria, between May and June 2019. Giemsa stained blood smears of 150 dogs revealed that 20 (13.33%) of the dogs were positive with Babesia canis. Among these, 63 (42.00%) were puppies aged less than 6 months, and 87 (58.00%) are adult dogs aged 9 months and above infected by the parasite. However, the age is found significantly correlated with Babesia canis as all the positives a...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106401


Mar 20, 2020Open    Access

Production Systems and Contribution on Characterization of Local Chickens in Smallholder Farmer in Sud-Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

M. M. D. Katunga, K. F. Balemirwe, F. Masheka, P. Zamukulu
Sud-Kivu province in DRC faces to malnutrition of his population. Agriculture and especially livestock have a low yield due to bad government, low diseases control, lack of feed, inappropriate chicken’s accommodation. Importation of food is very high. A survey was implemented on local chickens rearing in Bukavu town and his hinterland territories of Kabare, Walungu and Kalehe in Sud-Kivu. Conducted at the household level, standard methods of interviews and structured questionnaires were used on ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106171


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