All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Prevalence of Canine Babesiosis in Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106401, PP. 1-8

Subject Areas: Parasitology, Veterinary Medicine, Zoology

Keywords: Prevalence, Canine Babesiosis, Jos South, Public Health

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

A study on the prevalence of canine babesiosis was carried out at Jos south Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria, between May and June 2019. Giemsa stained blood smears of 150 dogs revealed that 20 (13.33%) of the dogs were positive with Babesia canis. Among these, 63 (42.00%) were puppies aged less than 6 months, and 87 (58.00%) are adult dogs aged 9 months and above infected by the parasite. However, the age is found significantly correlated with Babesia canis as all the positives are in adults. P-value is 0.01 (<0.01). Linear regression revealed that age is able to explain 26.9% of the variation observed in the lab results (prevalence of Babesia canis) at P-value of <0.01. In bitches the infection rate was higher (8.00%) than male dogs (5.33%) and statistically not significant association (p > 0.05) was observed. The parasite was encountered in 13 (8.67%) out of 60 local breeds and 7 (4.67%) out of 90 exotic breeds. The breed-related prevalence rates were also not significantly different (p > 0.05). Babesia canis was the only specie identified in the study area. The public health implications of the findings are discussed.

Cite this paper

Oguche, M. O. , Barde, I. J. , Olabode, M. P. , Anjili, W. I. , Haruna, V. , Apeh, D. , Mark, S. , Mafulul, J. B. and Wujat, K. S. (2020). Prevalence of Canine Babesiosis in Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State. Open Access Library Journal, 7, e6401. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1106401.

References

[1]  Macintire, D.K. and Boozer, A.L. (2003) Canine Babesiosis. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 33, 885-904. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(03)00039-1
[2]  Cleveland, W.C. and Coles, E.H. (2005) An Overview of Canine Babesiosis. College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, 40-141.
[3]  Vannier, E. and Kraus, J.P. (2012) Human Babesiosis. The New England Journal of Medicine, 366, 2397-2407. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra1202018
[4]  Jefferies, W., Dan, U.A., Jeph, E.H. and Mayer, Y. (2008) PCR-RFLP for the Detection and Differentiation of the Canine Piroplasm Species and Its Use with Filter Paper-Based Technologies. Veterinary Parasitology, 144, 20-27.
[5]  Irwin, P.J. (2009) Canine Babesiosis: From Molecular Taxonomy to Control. Parasite and Vectors, 2, Article No. S4. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-2-S1-S4
[6]  Gorenflot, A., Moubri, K., Précigout, E., Carcy, B. and Schetters, T.P. (1998) Human Babesiosis. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology, 92, 489-501. https://doi.org/10.1080/00034983.1998.11813307
[7]  Gray, J.S. (2006) Identity of the Causal Agents of Human Babesiosis in Europe. International Journal of Medical Microbiology, 296, 131-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmm.2006.01.029
[8]  Shaw, S.E., Day, M.J. and Birtles, R.J. (2001) Tick-Borne Infectious Diseases of Dogs. Trends in Parasitology, 17, 74-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1471-4922(00)01856-0
[9]  Bell, J.M. and Palmer, S.R. (1988) The Zoonosis: Infection Transmitted from Animal and Man. 1st Edition, Edward Amoid, London, 173-174.
[10]  Uilenberg, G., Franssen, F.F.J., Perie, N.M. and Spanjer, A.A.M. (1989) Three Groups of Babesia canis Distinguished and a Proposal for Nomenclature. Veterinary Quarterly, 11, 33-40. https://doi.org/10.1080/01652176.1989.9694194
[11]  Hauschild, S., Shayan, P. and Schein, E. (1995) Characterization and Comparison of Merozoite Antigens of Different Babesia canis Isolated by Serological and Immunological Investigations. Parasitology Research, 81, 638-642. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00931839
[12]  Conrad, P.A., Thomford, J., Yamane, I., et al. (1991) Hemolytic Anemia Caused by Babesia Gibsoni Infection in Dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 199, 601-605.
[13]  Caccio, S.M., Antunovic, B., Moretti, A., et al. (2007) Molecular Characterization of Babesia canis and Babesia canis vogeli from Natural Infected European Dogs. Veterinary Parasitology, 106, 285-292. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4017(02)00112-7
[14]  Adachi, K., Tateshi, M., Horii, Y., Nagotomo, H., Shimizu, T. and Makimuru, S. (1994) Reactivity of Serum Anti-Erythrocyte Membrane Antibody in Babesia gibsoni-Infected Dogs. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 56, 997-999. https://doi.org/10.1292/jvms.56.997
[15]  Jefferies, R., Ryan, U.M., Muhlnikel, C.J. and Irwin, P.J. (2003) Two Species of Canine Babesia in Australia: Detection and Characterization by PCR. Journal of Parasitology, 89, 409-412. https://doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2003)089[0409:TSOCBI]2.0.CO;2
[16]  Sundar, N., balachandran, C. and Senthilvelan, A. (2004) Incidence of Babesia Gibsoni Infection in Dogs in Tamil Nadu. Journal of Parasilogy, 18, 79-80.
[17]  Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources (MANR) (2008) Plateau State, Avian Influenza Control Office. Quarterly Bulletin, 1, 5-35.
[18]  Poonam, V. and Nandini, M.K. (2019) Overview of Canine Babesiosis. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, 141, 18-29.
[19]  Adams, K.M.G., Paul, J. and Zaman, V. (1971) Medical and Veterinary Protozoology an Illustrated Guide. Church Livingstone, Edinburgh and London, 170-173.
[20]  Woo, P.T.K. (1989) The Hematocrit Centrifuge Technique for the Detection of Trypanosome in Blood. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 47, 921-923. https://doi.org/10.1139/z69-150
[21]  Soulsby, E.J.L. (2005) Helminthes, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 7th Edition, London, UK, 101-134.
[22]  Kamani, J., Weka, P.R. and Gbise, S.D. (2011) Parasitic Cause of Anaemia in Dogs in VOM, Nigeria. International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Science, 5, 283-289.
[23]  Okoli, I.C., Okoli, C.G. and Opera, M. (2006) Environment and Multi-Host Infestation of the Brown Dog Tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus in Owerri, South-East Nigeria—A Case Report. Veterinarski Arhiv, 76, 93-100.
[24]  Abdullahi, S.U., Mohammed, A.R., Trimnelly, A., Sannusi, R. and Alafiatayo, R. (1990) Clinical and Haematological Findings in 70 Naturally Occurring Cases of Canine Babesiosis. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 31, 145-147. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5827.1990.tb00750.x
[25]  Amuta, E.U., Atu, B.O., Houmsou, R.S. and Ayashar, J.G. (2010) Rhipicephalus sanguineus Infestation and Babesia canis Infection among Domestic Dogs in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research, 2, 170-172.

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal