It has been reported that parasite infection can significantly harm domestic pigeons. In this study, we wanted to assess the histopathological changes caused by helminth infection. A total of thirty-five domestic pigeons (C. l. domestica) purchased from Al-Qassim region in Saudi Arabia were included in this study. Among those, nine pigeons (25.71%) were infected with helminth parasites of a cestode (Raillietina species) and a nematode (Ascaridia columbae). It was observed that the infected pigeons demonstrated growth retardation, emaciation, weakness, droopiness, and diarrhea. Several histopathological changes were observed in the intestine of infected pigeons including atrophy and distortion of villi, infiltration of inflammatory lymphocytic cells, erosion, and loss of the intestine integrity, necrosis in villi, and blood vessels congestion. We concluded for the first time from Al-Qassim region in Saudi Arabia that the infection with helminth parasites can cause significant histopathological changes in the intestine of the infected pigeons. Consequently, this may lead to a high mortality rate of the infected pigeons. Future studies are required to determine the prevalence and biological factors that have a significant impact on the helminth parasites infection from different regions in Saudi Arabia.
Cite this paper
Aldamigh, M. A. , Hassan, A. H. and Alahmadi, A. A. (2022). Histopathological Changes in the Intestine of Infected Pigeons (Columba livia domestica) by Helminth Parasites from Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Open Access Library Journal, 9, e8916. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1108916.
Sari, B., Karatepe, B., Karatepe, M. and Kara, M. (2008) Parasites of Domestic (Columba livia domestica) and Wild (Columba livia livia) Pigeons in NIGDE. Turkey Bulletin-Veterinary Institute in Pulawy, 52, 551-554.
Marques, S.M., Quadros, R.M., Da Silva, C.J. and Baldon, M. (2007) Parasites of Pigeons (Columba livia) in Urban Areas of Langes, Southern Brazil. Parasitologia Latinoamericana, 62, 183-187. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-77122007000200014
Sivajothi, S. and Reddy, B.S. (2016) Lousicidal Effect of Deltamethrin in Domestic Pigeons. Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology, 40, 838-839. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12639-014-0588-2
Abed, A.A., Naji, H.A. and Rhyaf, A.G. (2014) Investigation Study of Some Parasites Infected Domestic Pigeon (Columba livia domestica) in Al-Dewaniya City. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, 9, 13-20.
Ibrahim, N., Hassan, E., Moawad, T. and Ghobashy, M. (2018) Morphological and Molecular Identification of Some Intestinal Helminths Infesting the Domestic Pigeon (Columba livia domestica) at Ismailia, Egypt. Catrina: The International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 17, 61-70. https://doi.org/10.21608/cat.2018.14312
Tanveer, M.K., Kamran, A., Abbas, M., Umer, N.C., Azhar, M.A. and Munir, M. (2011) Prevalence and Chemo-Therapeutical Investigations of Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Domestic Pigeons in Lahore, Pakistan. Tropical Biomedicine, 28, 102-110.
Hassouni, T. and Belghyti, D. (2006) Distribution of Gastrointestinal Helminths in Chicken Farms in the Gharb Region—Morocco. Parasitology Research, 99, 181-183.
Eshetu, Y., Mulualem, E., Ibrahim, H., Berhanu, A. and Aberra, K. (2001) Study of Gastro-Intestinal Helminths of Scavenging Chickens in Four Rural Districts of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Revue Scientifique et Technique, 20, 791-796.
Kamal, M., Khan, W., Nisa, N.U., Yasmeen, G., Ul Hassan, H. and Ullah, I. (2020) Acute Raillietiniasis in Domestic Pigeon (Columba livia domestica). Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 8, 1180-1183.？
Mahdi, D.S., Swadi, B.F. and Thuwaini, M.M. (2018) Histopathological Changes in the Intestine of Domestic Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) Naturally Infected with the Cestode Cotugnia sp. in Basrah, Southern Iraq. Biological and Applied Environmental Research, 2, 12-21.