All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Venomous Terrestrial Snakes in the Tropics of Malaysia: Review

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1107231, PP. 1-18

Subject Areas: Zoology, Environmental Sciences, Toxicology

Keywords: Venom, Toxins, Snakes, Malaysia, Anti-Venom

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

The tropics of Malaysia have plenty to offer when it comes to its biodiversity. In the animal kingdom, snakes play a crucial role and form a large component in the ecosystem, with human envenomation being a fairly common problem. From 1965 to 1971, there were 5203 reported cases of venomous snake bites throughout Malaysia, 18 of which being fatal cases. Symptomatology varies, ranging from mild local symptoms on one end of the spectrum to life threatening systemic manifestation on the other end. Quick identification of species and application of basic first aid management is crucial in preventing further complications, whilst awaiting further definitive management if necessary. Thus, a well-established management plan for selecting cases based on recognition of species would ultimately influence the prognosis of victims.

Cite this paper

Arief, I. D. J. , Er, X. Y. , Shajahan, R. , Arief, F. J. and Pillai, N. (2021). Venomous Terrestrial Snakes in the Tropics of Malaysia: Review . Open Access Library Journal, 8, e7231. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1107231.

References

[1]  Magill, A.J., Strickland, G.T., Maguire, J.H., Ryan, E.T. and Solomon T. (2012) Hunter’s Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Disease. Elsevier Health Sciences, Amsterdam.
[2]  Nelsen, D.R., Nisani, Z., Cooper, A.M., Fox, G.A., Gren, E.C., Corbit, A.G., et al. (2014) Poisons, Toxungens, and Venoms: Redefining and Classifying Toxic Biological Secretions and the Organisms That Employ Them. Biological Reviews, 89, 450-465. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12062
[3]  Hodgson, E. (2012) Chapter Fourteen—Toxins and Venoms. Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science, Vol. 112, Academic Press, Cambridge, 373-415. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-415813-9.00014-3
[4]  Mebs, D. (2002) Venomous and Poisonous Animals: A Handbook for Biologists, Toxicologists and Toxinologists, Physicians and Pharmacists. MedPharm, Guildford.
[5]  Berthé, R.A. (2011) Spitting Behaviour and Fang Morphology of Spitting Cobras. Doctoral Dissertation, Universität Bonn, Bonn.
[6]  Das, I., Ahmed, N. and Liat, L.B. (2015) Venomous Terrestrial Snakes of Malaysia: Their Identity and Biology. In: Gopalakrishnakone, P., Faiz, A., Fernando ,R., Gnanathasan, C., Habib, A. and Yang, C.C., Eds., Clinical Toxinology in Asia Pacific and Africa, Vol. 2, Springer, Dordrecht, 53-69. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6386-9_5
[7]  Hong, T.N., Hock, T.C. and Kuan, L.P. A Brief Guide to Snake Envenomations in Malaysia and Antivenom Therapy. Venom and Toxin Research Group, Kuala Lumpur.
[8]  Kumar, T., Jayaraman, G., Lee, C.S., Arunkumar, A., Sivaraman, T., Samuel, D., et al. (1997) Snake Venom Cardiotoxins-Structure, Dynamics, Function and Folding. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, 15, 431-463. https://doi.org/10.1080/07391102.1997.10508957
[9]  Warrell, D.A. (1999) The Clinical Management of Snake Bites in the Southeast Asian Region. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 30, 1-67.
[10]  Tan, C.H., Tan, K.Y., Fung, S.Y. and Tan, N.H. (2015) Venom-Gland Transcriptome and Venom Proteome of the Malaysian King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah). BMC Genomics, 16, Article No. 687. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-015-1828-2
[11]  Munawar, A., Trusch, M., Georgieva, D., Hildebrand, D., Kwiatkowski, M., Behnken, H., et al. (2014) Elapid Snake Venom Analyses Show the Specificity of the Peptide Composition at the Level of Genera Naja and Notechis. Toxins, 6, 850-868. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins6030850
[12]  Ng, P.K. and Yang, C. (1989) On Michael Willmer Forbes Tweedie. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 37, 160-167.
[13]  Daltry, J.C., Ponnudurai, G., Shin, C.K., Tan, N.-H., Thorpe, R.S. and Wolfgang, W. (1996) Electrophoretic Profiles and Biological Activities: Intraspecific Variation in the Venom of the Malayan Pit Viper (Calloselasma rhodostoma). Toxicon, 34, 67-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/0041-0101(95)00122-0
[14]  Tan, C.H. and Tan, N.H. (2015) Toxinology of Snake Venoms: The Malaysian Context. Snake Venoms, 1-37.
[15]  Soo, H.-H., Lau, L.-G. and Chew, P.-H. (2005) Sarawak Handbook of Medical Emergencies. CE Publishing, Quezon City.

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal