Jul 19, 2022Open Access
For several decades, many households in rural areas have relied on surrounding forests for their livelihoods, safety nets and sustenance. This reliance is most often determined by the household’s characteristics, available forests and economic benefits. That notwithstanding, the demand for more farmlands and unsustainable harvesting of forest resources are pushing these forests into depletion. This rapid decline endangers the livelihoods of forest-reliant households, threatens biodiversity and i...
Oct 29, 2021Open Access
Many forest households closely depend on wildlife resources and their current exploitation does not guarantee sustainable management. A huge quantity of bushmeat is transferred from hunting areas to the Kisangani market for commercial purposes. It is useful to know how this activity is conducted and who the actors are. Actors (42 hunters and 13 wholesalers) were interviewed, and focus groups were done. Regular visits to 22 hunters throughout a two-month period were done, for data collection. Two...
Oct 28, 2021Open Access
Protected areas play a critical role in biodiversity conservation in the Democratic Republic of Congo. However, they are under anthropogenic pressure. The study was carried out in the Bombo-Lumene reserve situated in Kinshasa, DR Congo. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted to determine the causes underlying ecosystem degradation and biodiversity loss and the determinants of the willingness of the population to participate in collaborative management with the State. Logistic regression was ...
Dec 28, 2017Open Access
Laos, the cultivation of fast growing trees as eucalypts has been promoted due
to a rapid decline in natural forest cover. However, this expansion of fast
growing trees might not end in a win-win situation for both humans and the
environment. This paper examines the social and ecological potentials of Eucalyptus
Jul 19, 2016Open Access
In this study, we carry out an assessment of the impact of urbanization on
Butare, southern Rwanda and evaluate its effect on the hydrological process at
the Migina catchment. We used data from the meteorological stations of the
Migina catchment, land-use maps of the region (obtained in 1974 and 2010) and
GIS technology in order to analyse hydrological fluctuations in Migina
catchment and the expansion of Butare town. We observed
Jan 27, 2016Open Access
In this paper, we aimed at examining the role of natural rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) cultivation as a
source of income for rural communities as well as a potential source of
ecological damage. We reviewed existing scientific literature and data sources
on natural rubber cultivation particularly in south East Asia. We observed
that, the latex from the lower part of the trunk has a high commercial value
which can assist rural communities in socioeconomic development; the trunk is a
Jul 29, 2015Open Access
This review article is an attempt on hypothetical analysis
of biodiversity which includes by exploring and implementing the so called protected
area by the small communities “Sacred Groves” made declared by a group of people
of those community over a century, some were half way made and few, were more than
a decayed old. Sacred groves are considered rich in biodiversity, and also the
resourceful source of flora and fauna of rare species. Traditional knowledge based
sacred groves conservation has...
Apr 30, 2015Open Access
Asia holds massive fruit diversity. Many nutritional and functional
properties studies have been done on the fruit species. However, not many studies
were done on other aspects of knowledge that can be gained related to these
species. The aim of this study was to identify the various uses of the tropical
fruit plant species from the genus of Citrus, Garcinia, Mangifera and
Nephelium, based on the traditional knowledge and practices of the local communities.
The study was conducted through direct...
Jan 21, 2015Open Access
participation in the conservation of tropical fruit trees is one approach taken
by the Tropical Fruit Trees Project funded by
UNEP/GEF carried out at six sites in Malaysia. Three conservation approaches were implemented at
the sites that are diversity block, heritage block and common block. A total of 1550 fruit trees mainly from the genera Mangifera, Garcinia and Nephelium were planted. At Kampung Kakeng, Serian, Sarawak a 5 ha diversity block was
Sep 25, 2014Open Access
An investigation to study the effect of weed competition on zero-till
cotton was carried out at the experimental farm of the Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
College of Agricultural and Research Institute, Karikal during the summer
season (February to July) of 2007. The predominant weed species found in the
experimented field were Echinochola colanum L., Leptochloa chinensis L., Cyperus rotundus L., Trianthema portulacastru, Rotala densiflora, Ec...