All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


Traditional Knowledge and Practices Related to Genus Citrus, Garcinia, Mangifera and Nephelium in Malaysia

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101453, PP. 1-11

Subject Areas: Sociology, Conservation Biology, Biodiversity, Agricultural Science

Keywords: Malaysia, Agrobiodiversity, Tropical Fruits, Traditional Knowledge, Potential Uses, Awareness

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Asia holds massive fruit diversity. Many nutritional and functional properties studies have been done on the fruit species. However, not many studies were done on other aspects of knowledge that can be gained related to these species. The aim of this study was to identify the various uses of the tropical fruit plant species from the genus of Citrus, Garcinia, Mangifera and Nephelium, based on the traditional knowledge and practices of the local communities. The study was conducted through direct interviews with 109 respondents from six areas and communities, targeting the genus Citrus, Mangifera, Nephelium and Garcinia. A total of 18 fruit species were recorded and were categorized into five different purposes, namely for 1) food, 2) medicinal purpose, 3) culture, 4) good practice and 5) other usage. Most of the traditional knowledge related to the fruit species used was as food, food additives or processing method (54.6%). All species except Citrus spp. and Mangifera laurina have information on traditional knowledge related to food. The highest number of species was recorded from the community of Sibuti, with a total of 14 species recorded while least number was recorded from the community of Bukit Gantang with a total of 4 species. The average number of species and respondents recorded from each community was 8.5 species and 18 respondents. The two most frequently cited species were found to be regional specific knowledge. The most cited species was Mangifera pajang which is endemic to Borneo, while Garcinia atroviridis which recorded the second highest citation was only found in Peninsular Malaysia. Documentation of traditional knowledge is a good tool, not just for the conservation of traditional knowledge from being extinct and forgotten, but also to identify new potential, ideas and possibilities from it, so that it opens up to many other scientific studies.

Cite this paper

Gerten, D. , Salma, I. , Shafie, M. S. M. , Shariah, U. , Brooke, P. , Wong, W. W. W. and Norhayati, M. H. (2015). Traditional Knowledge and Practices Related to Genus Citrus, Garcinia, Mangifera and Nephelium in Malaysia. Open Access Library Journal, 2, e1453. doi:


[1]  Ramanatha Rao, V. and Mal, B. (2002) Tropical Fruit Species in Asia: Diversity and Conservation Strategies. Acta Horticulturae, 575, 179-190.
[2]  FAO (2006) Current Situation and Medium-Term Outlook for Tropical Fruits. Sugar and Beverages Group Raw Materials, Tropical and Horticultural Products Service Commodities and Trade Division. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Quebec City.
[3]  Benz, B.F., Cevallos, J., Santana, F., Rosales, J. and Graf, S. (2000) Losing Knowledge about Plant Use in the Sierra de Manantlan Biosphere Reserve. Mexico Economic Botany, 54, 183-191.
[4]  Dweba, T.P. and Mearns, M.A. (2011) Conserving Indigenous Knowledge as the Key to the Current and Future Use of Traditional Vegetables. International Journal of Information Management, 31, 564-571.
[5]  Gomez-Baggethun, E., Mingorria, S., Reyes-García, V., Calvet, L. and Montes, C. (2010) Traditional Ecological Knowledge Trends in the Transition to a Market Economy: Empirical Study in the Donana Natural Areas. Conservation Biology, 24, 721-729.
[6]  Maffi, L. (2002) Endangered Languages, Endangered Knowledge. International Social Science Journal, 54, 385-393.
[7]  Perales, H.R., Benz, B.F. and Brush, S.B. (2005) Maize Diversity and Ethnolinguistic Diversity in Chiapas, Mexico. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102, 949-954.
[8]  Brooke, P. and Lau, C.Y. (2013) Nutritional Value and Economic Potential of Underutilized Mangifera Species in Bungai Area, Sarawak, Malaysia. Acta Horticulturae, 979, 107-115.
[9]  Mirfat, A.H.S., Razali, M. and Salma, I. (2013) Antioxidant Properties of Wild Mangifera Species in Malaysia. Acta Horticulturae, 979, 651-659.
[10]  MohdShukri, M.A., Mirfat, A.H.S., Erny Sabrina, M.N., Razali, M. and Salma, I. (2013) Nutritional Value and Potential of Malaysian Underutilized Fruits and Traditional Vegetables. Acta Horticulturae, 979, 173-185.
[11]  Englbergera, L., Lorennijb, R., Taylorc, M., Tuiac, V.S., Aalbersbergd, W., Dolodolotawaked, U., Tibone, L., Tibonf, J. and Alfredg, J. (2014) Carotenoid Content and Traditional Knowledge of Breadfruit Cultivars of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 34, 192-199.
[12]  Gerten, D., Salma, I., Muhammad Shafie, M.D., Shariah, U., Brooke, P., Wong, W.W. and Nurhayati, M.H. (2014) Traditional Knowledge on Tropical Fruit Plant Species of Six Different Communities in Malaysia. Proceedings of the Seminar Pemuliharaan dan Pemerkasaan Pengetahuan Tradisi, Kepong, 23-24 May 2014, 86-90.
[13]  Bradaia, L., Neffarb, S., Amranic, K., Bissatia, S. and Chenchounib, H. (2015) Ethnomycological Survey of Traditional Usage and Indigenous Knowledge on Desert Truffles among the Native Sahara Desert People of Algeria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 162, 31-38.
[14]  Kim, H. and Song, M. (2014) Analysis of Traditional Knowledge for Wild Edible Mushrooms Consumed by Residents Living in Jirisan National Park (Korea). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 153, 90-97.
[15]  Tuttolomondo, T., Licata, M., Leto, C., Gargano, M.L., Venturella, G. and La Bella, S. (2014) Plant Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge on Medicinal Use of Wild Shrub and Herbaceous Plant Species in the Etna Regional Park (Eastern Sicily, Italy). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 155, 1362-1381.
[16]  Zahora, I., Seca, G., Zamri, R., Salmah, O. and Ahmad Nasir, M.Y. (2014) Kajian Penggunaan Tumbuhan Ubatanoleh Masyarakat Melanau di Daerah Kecil Balingian, Mukah, Sarawak. Proceedings of the Seminar Pemuliharaan dan Pemerkasaan Pengetahuan Tradisi, Kepong, 23-24 May 2014, 80-85.
[17]  Kala, C.P. (2011) Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Sacred Groves and Conservation of Biodiversity in the Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve of India. Journal of Environmental Protection, 2, 967-973.
[18]  GanieAijaz, H., Tali Bilal, A. and Rather Aabid, M. (2013) An Ethnobotanical Study in Budgam District of Kashmir Valley: An Attempt to Explore and Document Traditional Knowledge of the Area. International Research Journal of Pharmacy, 4, 201-204.
[19]  Tardio, J., Pascual, H. and Morales, R. (2005) Wild Food Plants Traditionally Used in the Province of Madrid, Central Spain. Economic Botany, 59, 122-136.[0122:WFPTUI]2.0.CO;2
[20]  Pardo-de-Santayana, M., Tardio, J., Blanco, E., Carvalho, A.M., Lastra, J.J., Miguel, E.S. and Morales, R. (2007) Traditional Knowledge of Wild Edible Plants Used in the Northwest of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal): A Comparative Study. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 3, 27.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


WhatsApp +8615387084133

WeChat 1538708413