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Jun 02, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Langmuir Monolayer of Bovine Serum Albumin Protein on the Morphology of Calcium Carbonate

Zhonghui Xue, Ning Xue
In this paper we used BSA Langmuir monolayer as templates to study the effect of solute concentration on regulated biomineralization of calcium carbonate. During the crystallization process, it is found that the morphology of the calcium carbonate can be strongly affected by the solute concentration in presence of BSA Langmuir monolayer. X-ray Diffraction (XRD) results show that the crystal of calcium carbonate formed is all the calcite phase with a higher orientation. SEM images show that the m...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105796


May 09, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Orientated Growth of Hemispherical Calcium Carbonate Beneath Protein Langmuir Monolayer

Zhonghui Xue, Ning Xue
Oriented calcium carbonate crystals have been grown beneath bovine serum albumin (BSA) Langmuir monolayers at the air-solution interface from supersaturated calcium bicarbonate solutions. The calcium carbonate prepared was characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM and SAED. It was found the crystal morphologies changed from amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) to regular hemispherical calcite crystals with the prolonging of the time. These observations suggest that the process is step by step, during which th...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105798


Apr 23, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Utilisation of Glass for the Production of Inorganic Polymeric Materials for Construction Industry

Thomas Parisis, Nicole Mavrovounioti, Panayiotis Antoniades
This paper deals with the utilisation of glass coming from municipal waste mainly for the production of inorganic polymeric materials, with advanced mechanical properties, intended for the construction industry. The development of glass-based geopolymers, achieving high compressive strength and low water absorption, is described, and the produced materials are compared with some common construction and building materials.
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106123


Feb 17, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Attenuation and Shielding Performance of Wood-Polymer Composites Synthesized via Melt-Blend Technique

Abubakar Yakubu, Zulkifli Abbas, Abdullahi Sirajo
In the recent, filler-polymer composites researches have been on the rise due to its implication to electromagnetic interference (EMI) applications. The composition, morphology and surface rheology of the filler-polymer composites play an immense role in determining the electrical, mechanical, and optical properties. In this paper, the preparation and characterization of micro-composites of wood (biodegradable waste material)/polycaprolactone (PCL) composites a
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Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105444


Dec 25, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Mechanical Properties of Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Rubber (NBR)/Poly (Vinyl Chloride) Resin Binary Blend

Ali I. Al-Mosawi, Mohammed H. Al-Maamor, Kálmán Marossy, Haider A. Yasser, Shaymaa Abbas Abdulsada
Changes in the mechanical properties of Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Rubber (NBR)/Poly (vinyl chloride) resin binary blend were investigated. Poly (vinyl chloride) resin additives were within range (0 - 70) wt.%, and the measured mechanical properties included tensile strength, elongation, and compression strength. The obtained results showed that the tensile and elongation value of NBR starts to decrease with the addition of PVC resin
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Open Access Library J. Vol.6, 2019
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105956


Apr 26, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Production of High Performance Mountings by Using Rubber-Polymer Waste

Ali I. Al-Mosawi, Abbass A. Hashim, Mohammed H. Al-Maamori
Hybrid composite material consists rubber matrix reinforced by polymer waste stripes is introduced in this study. Hardness and adhesion of Acry-lonitrile Butadiene Rubber-Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) waste com-posite have been investigated. The study included the relationship between these properties and the percentage of PET’sadditives (0 - 100 pphr) as a reinforcement material. The obtai
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Open Access Library J. Vol.6, 2019
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105368


Dec 19, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Assessment of the Levels of Brominated Flame Retardants in Computers and Televisions in Selected Regions of Eritrea

Afewerki Tesfagabr, Tesfamichael Haile, Mussie Sium, Teame Tekleab
During recent years, electronic waste (e-waste) around the world is growing at a fast rate and has become a matter of concern due to the presence of toxic brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and certain heavy metals. Currently, in Eritrea there is low awareness on the harmful effects of e-wastes, lack of proper storage facilities and no proper policy and legislative framework related to e-wastes. Thus, in most cases e-wastes still
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.5, 2018
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105061


Nov 13, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Surfactant HLB Value on Settlement Stability of Magnetorheological Fluid

Yanwen Jiang, Yiping Luo, Hongjuan Ren, Dan Wei
The hydrophilic-hydrophobic balance (HLB) of surfactants has a great influ-ence on surfactants. Among them, polyethylene glycol has an HLB value of 20 and is highly hydrophilic; oleic acid has an HLB value of 1, which is very lipophilic; and sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate has an HLB value of 10.6 be-tween the two. This paper explores the use of these three surfactants with typi-cal HLB values to improve the performance of magnetor
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.5, 2018
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105004


Jul 13, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Developing a Methodology for Determining Design and Operating Requirements for Contracting Tunnel Works

Nikolaos Vagiokas
Directive 2004/54/EC [1] on minimum safety requirements for tunnels in the trans-European road network sets the bases for establishing an acceptable safety level for tunnel users across EU member states. Furthermore, many EU member states enforce stricter safety requirements for tunnels in their territory. The lack of a methodology for determining design and operating requirements for tunnels leads many times to an expensive over-
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Open Access Library J. Vol.5, 2018
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1104741


Nov 13, 2017Open    AccessArticle

The Characterization of Steel Slag by Alkali Activation

Ikmal Hakem Aziz, Khairunnisa Zulkifly, Konstantinos Sakkas, Dimitrios Panias, Georgia Maria Tsaousi, Mohd Mustafa Abdullah Al Bakri, Heah Cheng Yong
This paper presents a characterization analysis of alkali-activated steel slag. The effect ratio of steel slag and ferronickel slag which are the precursor materials on the compressive strength of the alkali-activated materials was investigated. The combination of sodium hydroxide solution of 15 moles concentration and sodium silicate was used as an alkaline activator. The ratio between steel slag and alkaline liquid was fixed at
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.4, 2017
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1103816


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