All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Evaluation of Laser-Heating and Laser-Reheating of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Seed Oil Quality

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1108883, PP. 1-10

Subject Areas: Nanometer Materials, Composite Material

Keywords: Food Irradiation, Laser-Heating, Laser-Reheating, Physicochemical Characteristics, Quality Constants, Recycled oils, Thermal Oxidation

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

This paper focuses on the difference between the effect of heating and reheating on sunflower oil properties by using carbon dioxide laser and electrical heater. Two samples of sunflower oil were heated and reheated with carbon dioxide laser beaming up to 50°C, which takes 30 minutes; another two samples were heated and reheated up to 250°C using electrical heater in two minutes, along with an unheated control sample at ambient conditions. Chemical properties like acid value, free fatty acids, peroxide value, saponification value and ester value beside physical properties such as moisture, density, viscosity, refractive index and color measurements of sunflower oil were studied. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to differentiate between the chemical changes in the samples. The results demonstrate that when the same cooking oil is reheated, the chemical reactions enhance foaming, darkening of oil color, increased viscosity, and off-flavor. Hence, repeated heating of the oil can lead to degradation of the cooking oil, both chemically and physically. It was found that the long time of heating using laser rising temperature up to 50°C catalyzed chemical reactions that resulted in effects in the oil samples characteristics greater than the effects of the electrical heater in a few minutes with temperature 250°C.

Cite this paper

Mudawi, A. A. and Marouf, A. A. S. (2022). Evaluation of Laser-Heating and Laser-Reheating of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Seed Oil Quality . Open Access Library Journal, 9, e8883. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1108883.

References

[1]  Smith, D., Smith, J.S., Childs, C., Rod, E., Hrubiak, R., Shen, G. and Salamat, A. (2018) A CO2 Laser Heating System for in Situ High Pressure-Temperature Experiments at HPCAT. Review of Scientific Instruments, 89, Article ID: 083901. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5040508
[2]  Bräunlich, P., Gasiot, J., Fillard, J.P. and Castagne, M. (1981) Laser Heating of Thermoluminescent Dielectric Layers. Applied Physics Letters, 39, 769-771. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.92848
[3]  Awad, A.A.G., Gawbah, M.A.P., Orsod, M.U., Alsabah, Y.A. and Marouf, A.A. (2020) Investigation of the Effects of Laser-Based Combustion on Sorghum Bran. Albaydha University Journal, 2, 52-59.
[4]  Gawbah, M.A.P., Elbadawi, A.A., Alsabah, Y.A., Orsod, M.U. and Marouf, A.A. (2018) Characterization of the Crystal Structure of Sesame Seed Cake Burned by Nd: YAG Laser. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 6, 121-131. https://doi.org/10.4236/msce.2018.64013
[5]  Gawbah, M.A.P., Marouf, A.A., Alsabah, Y.A., Orsod, M.U. and Elbadawi, A.A. (2017) Synthesis of Silica, Silicon Carbide and Carbon from Wheat Bran and Converting its Crystal Structure Using Nd: YAG Laser. International Journal of Advanced Research in Physical Science, 4, 31-37.
[6]  Awadala, A.S., Elfaky, A.E. and Marouf, A.A. (2020) Influence of High Power Nd: YAG Laser on Hardness and Surface Properties of Zirconium Silicate. International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences, 2, 39-44. https://doi.org/10.34104/ijmms.020.039044
[7]  Awadala, A.S., Elfaky, A.E. and Marouf, A.A.S. (2020) Investigation of the Effects of High-Power Nd: YAG Laser on Zirconium Silicate Surfaceroperties. International Journal of Latest Research in Science and Technology, 9, 6-10.
[8]  Marouf, A. and Sara, I.E. (2017) Monitoring pH During Pasteurization of Raw Cow’s Milk Using Nd: YAG Laser. International Journal of Advanced Research in Physical Science (IJARPS), 4, 1-4.
[9]  Malik, A.O.B. and Marouf, A.A.S. (2018) Comparison of the Effects of Laser Pasteurization and Heat Pasteurization on The Cow’s Milk. Haya: The Saudi Journal of Life Sciences, 3, 46-50.
[10]  Marouf, A.A.S. and Siddiq, E.O.H. (2018) Evaluation of Laser Pasteurization on Production of Yogurt. International Journal of Advanced Research in Physical Science (IJARPS), 5, 15-23.
[11]  Mudawi, A.A. and Marouf, A.A. (2022) Impact of Single Wavelength (532 nm) Irradiation on the Physicochemical Properties of Sesame Oil. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 10, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.4236/msce.2022.104001
[12]  Ahmmed, A.E.G. and Marouf, A.S. (2017) Effect of Pulsed He-Ne Laser Irradiation on Bee Honey Physicochemical Properties. Research and Review Insights, 1, 6-7. https://doi.org/10.15761/RRI.1000122
[13]  Kassu, A., Farley III, C. and Tsoli, C.P. (2021) Laser Heating and Infrared Thermography of Building Materials. Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research, 9, 223-229. https://doi.org/10.4236/jbcpr.2021.93014
[14]  Phiri, G., Mumba, P. and Mangwera, A. (2006) The Quality of Cooking Oil Used in Informal Food Processing in Malawi: A Preliminary Study. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 30, 527-532. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1470-6431.2006.00513.x
[15]  Stevenson, S.G., Vaisey-Genser, M. and Eskin, N.A.M. (1984) Quality Control in the Use of Deep Frying Oils. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, 61, 1102-1108. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02636232
[16]  Lapointe, A., Couillard, C. and Lemieux, S. (2006) Effects of Dietary Factors on Oxidation of Low-Density Lipoprotein Particles. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 17, 645-658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2006.01.001
[17]  AOAC (1990) Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edition, Arlington, VA, 951-986.
[18]  Azman, A., Shahrul, S.M., Chan, S.X., Noorhazliza, A.P., Khairunnisak, M., Azlina, M.N., Qodriyah, H.M., Kamisah, Y. and Jaarin, K. (2012) Level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Night Market Food Outlet Operators in Kuala Lumpur Regarding the Usage of Repeatedly Heated Cooking Oil. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 67, 91-101.
[19]  Aziz, A.A., Elias, S.M. and Sabran, M.R. (2018) Repeatedly Heating Cooking Oil Among Food Premise Operators in Bukit Mertajam, Pulau Pinang and Determination of Peroxide in Cooking Oil. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 14, 37-44.
[20]  Ku, S.K., Ruhaifi, M., Fatin, S.S., Saffana, M., Das, S. and Kamsiah, J. (2014) The Harmful Effects of Consumption of Repeatedly Heated Edible Oils: A Short Review. La Clinica Terapeutica, 165, 217-221.
[21]  Sonia, Z.G. and Badereldeen, A.E. (1983) Changes of Cottonseed Oil during Deep Fat Frying of Food. Larivista Italiana Delle Sostanze Grasse, 9, 73.
[22]  Augustin, M.A., Hena, L.K. and Teah, Y.K. (1987) Comparison of Frying Performance of Market Samples of Palmolein, Corn Oil and Soya Oil in Malaysia. Pertanika Journal, 19, 295-304.
[23]  Mudawi, H.A., Elhassan, M.S. and Sulieman, A.M.E. (2014) Effect of Frying Process on Physicochemical Characteristics of Corn and Sunflower Oils. Food and Public Health, 4, 181-184.
[24]  Wiege, B., Fehling, E., Matthäus, B. and Schmidt, M. (2020) Changes in Physical and Chemical Properties of Thermally and Oxidatively Degraded Sunflower Oil and Palm Fat. Foods, 9, Article 1273. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091273
[25]  Sudhakar, P., Pushkalai, S.P., Sabarinath, C., Priyadharshini, S. and Haripriya, S. (2018) Molecular Docking and Synthesis of 1,2,4-Triazin Analogue of Diclofenac as Potential Ligand for Parkinson’s. Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics, 10, 8-12. https://doi.org/10.5958/2321-5836.2018.00002.2
[26]  Poiana, M.A., Alexa, E., Munteanu, M.F., Gligor, R., Moigradean, D. and Mateescu, C. (2015) Use of ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy to Detect the Changes in Extra Virgin Olive Oil by Adulteration with Soybean Oil and High Temperature Heat Treatment. Open Chemistry, 13, 689-698. https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0110
[27]  Liu, G.L. and Kazarian, S. (2022) Recent Advances in Studies of Cultural Heritage Using ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy and ATR-FTIR Spectroscopic Imaging. Analyst, 147, 1777-1797. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2AN00005A
[28]  Hafeez, A., Akhter, Z., Gallagher, J.F., Khan, N.A., Gul, A. and Shah, F.U. (2019) Synthesis, Crystal Structures, and Spectroscopic Characterization of Bis-Aldehyde Monomers and Their Electrically Conductive Pristine Polyazomethines. Polymers, 11, Article 1498. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11091498
[29]  Evangelin, B.P. and Gurulakshmi, P. (2020) Bio Fabrication and Characterisation of Metal Oxide Nanocomposite Using Piper Betel Leaves. Journal of Advanced Scientific Research, 11, 184-189.
[30]  Zhuang, J., Li, M., Pu, Y., Ragauskas, A.J. and Yoo, C.G. (2020) Observation of Potential Contaminants in Processed Biomass Using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. Applied Sciences, 10, Article 4345. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10124345
[31]  Gupta, J.K., Sharma, P.K., Dudhe, R., Chaudhary, A., Mondal, S.C. and Verma, P.K. (2011) Synthesis and Analgesic Activity of Novel Pyrimidine Derivatives of Coumarin Moiety. Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica-Drug Research, 68, 785-93.
[32]  Panicker, C.Y., Vanghese, H.T. and Thansani, T. (2009) Spectroscopic Studies and Hartree-Fock ab Initio Calculations of a Substituted Amide of Pyrazine-2-Carboxylic Acid-C16H18ClN3O. Turkish Journal of Chemistry, 33, 633-646.
[33]  Priest, M., Ehret, P., Flamand, L., Dalmaz, G., Childs, T.H.C., Dowson, D., Berthier, Y., Taylor, C.M., Lubrecht, A.A. and Georges, J.M. (1999) Lubrication at the Frontier: The Role of the Interface and Surface Layers in the Thin Film and Boundary Regime. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
[34]  Simonova, D. and Karamancheva, I. (2013) Application of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy for Tumor Diagnosis. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 27, 4200-4207. https://doi.org/10.5504/BBEQ.2013.0106

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679