OALib Journal
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Mar 22, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Tracheal Collapse in Dogs

Luiza Corteletti Torezani, Jeferson Goncalves Pereira Junior, Beatriz Barbosa Kaiser, Marilia Bolsoni Teixeira, Marcela Priscila Keller Santiago, Jéssica Miranda Cota, Clairton Marcolongo Pereira
Tracheal collapse is characterized as dorsoventral flattening of tracheal rings, resulting from progressive cartilage degeneration, which can affect the cervical and intrathoracic trachea, being more common in middle-aged and small breeds. The aim of the present study was to review the pathophysiological, clinical aspects, and diagnostic methods of tracheal collapse in dogs. Tracheal collapse occurs due to the progressive degeneration of the cartilage of the trachea, the extraluminal pressure ex...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107257


Feb 09, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Bluetongue Virus Infection in Ruminants: A Review Paper

Mateus de Oliveira Vial, Brennda Vitorino Corrêa, Ana Clara Malegoni, Tayná Bolsam da Silva, Lara Cassaro, Luiz Alexandre Moscon, Diogo Almeida Rondon, Clairton Marcolongo Pereira
Bluetongue is an infectious, viral, non-contagious disease, caused by the virus of the genus Orbivirus and family Reoviridae, being transmitted by hematophagous vectors of the genus Culicoides to domestic and wild ruminants. The disease mainly affects sheep. The infection is related to the climatic conditions of high temperatures and high humidity, which favor the proliferation of vectors. The disease is characterized by systemic hemorrhagic viral fever, caused by vascular injury a...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107150


Jan 26, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Phenotypic Characterization of Aeromonas hydrophila Isolates in Fresh Water Fishes in FCT Using MicrobactTM GNB 24E Identification Kit

S. Mailafia, B. Nabilah, H. O. K. Olabode
The study was carried out to determine the phenotypic characters of Aeromonas isolates from fresh water fishes sold in FCT using culture and isolation, and conventional biochemical identification method and confirmation with MicrobactTM GNB 24E identification system. Out of 400 samples collected from different fishes (257 from Tilapia zillii, 77 from Clarias gariepinus, 58 from Lates niloticus, and 8 from Alestes nurse) culture and biochemical charac...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107066


Aug 12, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Abdominal Subcutaneous Lipoma in a Mangalarga Marchador Horse

Bárbara de Barros, Hypólita Hellen Rodrigues de Souza, Solimar Felipe Contarini de Oliveira, Tayná Bolsam da Silva, Ana Clara Santana Malegoni, Virgílio Zoppi Lemos, Diogo Almeida Rondon, Luiz Alexandre Moscon Clairton Marcolongo-Pereira
Lipoma is a benign neoplasm characterized by the proliferation of well-differentiated adipocytes. The aim of the present study was to report a case of lipoma in the subcutaneous of a horse. A 5-year-old Mangalarga Marchador horse, weighing approximately 350 kg, was referred to the Veterinary Hospital with a history of increased abdominal volume. On clinical examination, a well-defined and circumscribed mass was observed in the abdomen. Surgery was performed and the material was sent for histolog...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106634


Jun 16, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Ketamine Hydrochloride as a General Anesthetic for Domestic Fowl Chicks: Onset and Recovery from Anesthesia

Elsayed E. Elowni, Ghada H. Abdelnabi, Mohamed F. Ahmad
The domestic fowl, as a species, is considered a unique experimental model in immunological research where the humoral and cellular components of the immune response can be delineated by selective surgical bursectomy of newly hatched chicks combined with sublethal whole-body X-irradiation. Search for an effective, safe, and a short-acting general anesthetic for application in such young birds is, therefore, essential. Ketamine is a phencyclidine derivative with analgesic and anesthetic propertie...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106463


Jun 11, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Canine Babesiosis in Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State

Moses Ojonugwa Oguche, Israel Joshua Barde, Mayowa Peter Olabode, Waziri Ibrahim Anjili, Victor Haruna, Daniel Apeh, Samson Mark, Joshua Bako Mafulul, Khalin Suleiman Wujat
A study on the prevalence of canine babesiosis was carried out at Jos south Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria, between May and June 2019. Giemsa stained blood smears of 150 dogs revealed that 20 (13.33%) of the dogs were positive with Babesia canis. Among these, 63 (42.00%) were puppies aged less than 6 months, and 87 (58.00%) are adult dogs aged 9 months and above infected by the parasite. However, the age is found significantly correlated with Babesia canis as all the positives a...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106401


Jun 04, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Potential Application of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) Aqueous Extract for Assessment of Viability of Protoscolices from Hydatid Cysts

Elsayed E. Elowni, Mohamed F. Ahmad, Ghada H. Abdelnabi, Reem M. Badawi
Cystic echinococcosis (hydatidosis) is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease of global public health and economic importance. It is caused by infection with hydatid cysts, the larva of a tapeworm of canines, particularly dogs. The canine hosts become infected with the adult parasite when they ingest with viscera fertile hydatid cysts containing protoscolices (PSCs). Generally, the mere presence of PSCs in a hydatid cyst has been considered an indication of infectivity to the host. There is no tan...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106398


Apr 24, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Risk Factors and Co-Existence of Infectious Causes of Reproductive Failures in Selected Uganda Cattle and Goats: A Brucella spps-Toxoplasma gondii Study

Steven Kakooza, Maria Tumwebaze, Esther Nabatta, Joseph Byaruhanga, Dickson Stuart Tayebwa, Edward Wampande
Reproductive diseases are one of the most significant challenges in livestock breeding and production. The present study was done to determine the 1) sero-prevalence of Brucella spps and Toxoplasma gondii in bovine and caprine samples, 2) risk factors associated with sero-positivity, 3) o
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.5, 2018
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1104502


Jan 29, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Risk Factors for Bruises and High Muscle pH in Lamb Carcasses of Tierra Del Fuego, Chilean Patagonia

Juan Antonio Tarumán, Juan Pablo Smulders, Carmen Beatriz Gallo
The aim of the study was to relate some pre-slaughter handling factors for lambs in a slaughterhouse, with the presence of bruises and high muscle pH in carcasses. Stocking density, transport distance and time, and type of slaughter (Conventional or Kosher) were registered in a sample of 1150 lambs that corresponded to 23 loads originated from different farms (Tierra del Fuego, Chilean Patagonia), distance and tim
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.5, 2018
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1104291


Jul 11, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Report of Mollicutes in the Ear Canal of Domestic Dogs in Brazil

Sandra Batista dos Santos, Maina de Souza Almeida, Luana Thamires Raposo da Silva, Junior Mario Baltazar de Oliveira, Carlos Adriano de Santana Leal, Jose Wilton Pinheiro Junior, Rinaldo Aparecido Mota
Several microorganisms as bacteria, fungi, yeast and ectoparasites compose canine ear canal microbiota. These agents can be native or invasive pathogens that cause clinical otitis. The aim of this study was to associate Mollicutes in external ear canal with clinical otitis. 41 domestic dogs were examined, and a total of 82 otologic samples were collected using sterile swabs, placed in a plastic storage tube containing 2 milliliter
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.3, 2016
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1102790


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