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Jul 19, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Rural Livelihoods and Forest Incomes in the Etinde Community Forest of South West Cameroon

Mukete Beckline, Zhongqiu Sun, Vivian Ntoko, Dominic Ngwesse, Abdul Manan, Yang Hu, Ngoe Mukete, Loveline Che, Jacinta Foncha
For several decades, many households in rural areas have relied on surrounding forests for their livelihoods, safety nets and sustenance. This reliance is most often determined by the household’s characteristics, available forests and economic benefits. That notwithstanding, the demand for more farmlands and unsustainable harvesting of forest resources are pushing these forests into depletion. This rapid decline endangers the livelihoods of forest-reliant households, threatens biodiversity and i...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108793


Jul 14, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Climate Change and Carbon Sequestration among Smallholder Farmers in Uganda: An Introduction and Review of Literature

Hellen Abbo Owasa
In Uganda, sorghum constitutes the second most widely grown cereal according to the latest statistics from the country’s statistics body, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics. This notwithstanding, there has been, in the context of Uganda, very little research and published literature on its potential to sequester carbon. There is no sufficient data on the exact levels of carbon sequestered by this sorghum/legume intercropping system, which is widespread as a technology within Uganda’s smallholder so...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108889


May 24, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Characteristics of Grain Filling and Starch Accumulation of Brewing Functional Indica Rice in Southern Sichuan Eco-Region

Zutong Xiang, Hui Wu, Congying Zeng, Zhongyun Zhang, Daju Wu, Wei Dai, Hongyu Liu, Haifang Dai
In order to study the ecological adaptability of brewing functional Indica rice varieties in the ecological area of southern Sichuan, six Indica hybrid rice varieties were used as experimental materials to analyze the differences in the rice growth period, yield and yield components, grain filling characteristics, starch and soluble sugar accumulation dynamics under the ecological conditions of southern Sichuan. The results showed that there were significant differences in yield fo...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108707


May 24, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of Submergence Tolerance of Different Rice Genotypes at Seedling Emergence Stage under Water Direct Seeding

Xia Su, Hui Wu, Jing Xiang, Jingjing Zhan, Juqin Wang, Xiaomin Li, Yihao Wei, Haifang Dai, Huizhe Chen
In this study, 60 direct seeding rice varieties with different genotypes were used as experimental materials. Through long-term submergence treatment (7 d and 14 d), the responses of different genotypes to submergence stress were compared in germination and seedling emergence, stem, leaf and root elongation, starch and other storage material consumption. The results showed that there were significant differences in submergence tolerance of different genotypes at the germination and seedling stag...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108706


May 19, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Patterns and Challenges of Forest Resources Conservation in Cameroon

Mukete Beckline, Abdul Manan, Ngwesse Dominic, Ngoe Mukete, Yang Hu
This paper examines forest conservation dynamics and the ensuing challenges encountered in Cameroon. It assesses forest resources and identifies forest conservation patterns and the various challenges faced by these initiatives. To attain this objective, a broad review of published literature was performed using Semantic Scholar, Google Scholar, Research gate and Web of Science. The study observed that, despite various management practices, enormous challenges still exist which give rise to fore...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108683


Apr 26, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Study on UAV Image Extraction of Surface Crack Information Technology in Goaf

Shihua Geng, Wenjun Zhang, Shuojuan Tian, Yingkun Zi, Junyi Miao, Rui Shen
The problem of extracting surface crack information in mining area is studied. The unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) image is used as the data source for multi-scale segmentation. The rule set is constructed based on the spectral and shape features of surface cracks. The object-oriented extraction of crack information is carried out by using the principle of fuzzy classification, and the surface crack information in mining area is successfully extracted. The extraction accuracy of surface cracks is ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108675


Apr 12, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Development Status of Direct Seeding Rice and Study on Response Mechanism of Submergence

Xia Su, Jingjing Zhan, Juqin Wang, Xiaomin Li, Yihao Wei, Hui Wu, Haifang Dai
Direct seeding rice is one of the main ways of light and simplified cultivation, but the seedling formation process of direct seeding seeds is affected by the germination environment. When rice seeds are submerged for a long time, it will generally lead to difficulties in rice germination, germination, emergence, and seedling leveling, and more seriously lead to rotten seeds, rotten buds, and rotten seedlings, affecting the growth, development, and yield of rice. Different studies have shown tha...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108613


Dec 24, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Role of Women in Maintaining Suburban Agricultural Land in Togo (West Africa)

Anissou Bawa, Kouyadega Djalna, Hodabalo Kamou, Komlan Batawila, Jacques Imbernon, Koffi Akpagana
The preservation of suburban agricultural land in the face of rapid urbanization in the West African region has been a major problem in recent decades. This paper examines the land tenure strategies used by farmers in relation to their assessments of the impact of urban growth. It is based on individual surveys conducted among farmers and landowners on the outskirts of the city of Lomé in Togo. This study reveals that perceptions differ according to gender and that women—although marginalized by...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108182


Aug 11, 2021Open    AccessArticle

The Effects and Management of Municipal Solid Waste Generation and Disposal on Human Health in Serrekunda Market (Commercial Center), Kanifing Municipality, The Gambia

Vincent Oyareme, Eunice I. O. Osaji, Amadou Barrow, Alagie Bah
In the past decades, management of waste in the form of liquid, solid and gaseous state had been the problem a lot of West African countries have been facing as well as the whole world. Management of solid waste as a major problem encountered on waste management, this is because, the solid form of most waste, can change to liquid form, from liquid into gaseous state depending on the external temperature (heat) that acts on them. Wastes are regarded as an unwanted substance, unusable materials, w...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107755


May 31, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Exploring the Influence of Gender Empowerment on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: A Study on Peri-Urban Communities in Abuja, Nigeria

Tamara Otonoku, Adeboye Awomuti, David Omata
Despite evidence indicating that women are disproportionately affected by the lack of proper and secure sanitation facilities worldwide, there is insufficient information on factors influencing the ability of women, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, to access and utilize sanitation. A mixed methods approach was used to collect data on household characteristics, decision-mak- ing capabilities, and socio-cultural behaviours among 314 respondents in Aso C, Gishiri and Kuruduma communities in Abuja,...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107402


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