
Go
Sep 27, 2023Open Access
In the present paper we look at the structure of the photon from the point of view of electrodynamics using the generalized Maxwell equations. The reason for our analysis is that today the photon is viewed as a quantum of an electromagnetic field in the form of a harmonic transverse flat wave that travels through vacuum with the speed of light c. In this case the wave’s front takes the form of an infinite plane. From a physical point of view such a concept, in our opinion, is not very convincing...
Aug 23, 2023Open Access
Here we continue the discussion of the nature of elementary particles based on the theory of electrodynamics (generalized Maxwell equations [1]). As is noted in [1], such a theory should exist because photons partake in a variety of reactions in which they turn elementary particles into particles of other forms while having the property of being a quantum of an electromagnetic field. Unlike the widely accepted theory of point particles, we propose that particles are not “elementary” particles (...
Mar 20, 2023Open Access
Gravitational interaction among objects of all sizes from subatomic particles (matters) having nonzero mass to clusters of galaxies in the universe whether at rest or in nonrelativistic or relativistic motion tends to interact with each other. To understand the nature at deeper level, the study of gravitational interaction, theory of relativity and quantum mechanics is of great importance and is an active field of research these days. In the present work, an attempt is made to understand the gr...
Jan 31, 2023Open Access
The distinction between the concepts of a Necessary Condition and a Sufficient Condition is a fundamental element of mathematics. This issue certainly applies to physics which has a mathematical structure. However, this work shows that sometimes physical textbooks ignore this distinction. An analysis of the conserved 4current of the Noether theorem proves that this issue is extremely important. The analysis uses the dimension of the Lagrangian density and the corresponding dimensi...
Nov 29, 2022Open Access
Several methods can be used to model the plasma, especially to solve the MaxwellBoltzmann equation. In fact, the plasma is treated as a charged fluid in order to have an alternative solution for the resolution of the MaxwellBoltzmann equation. This macroscopic model according to the complexity admits two approximations called Local Field Approximation and Local Energy Approximation. Consequently, the major objective of this article is to realize a comparative study between these two macroscopi...
Nov 29, 2022Open Access
This paper proposes a physical solution to primordial inflation. It occurs by a scalar field with a slowrolling period. It starts at the phase transition giving rise to the gravitational interaction at time t_{i} ~ 10 ^{44 }s, Planck time, and ends at time t_{f} ~ 10 ^{42 }s (or more exactly about 70 efolds later). This scalar field is carried by a primordial particle of inert mass m_{p} ~ 1...
Nov 11, 2022Open Access
Fundamental elements of physical theories of systems of objects are examined. Consider the Newtonian mechanics, Maxwellian electrodynamics, relativistic mechanics, general relativity, and the Dirac theory of the electron. Each of these theories has specific differential equations whose solutions accurately describe the state and the time evolution of systems of particles that belong to the theory’s domain of validity. Wellknown textbooks prove that these theories can be derived from the least a...
Aug 26, 2022Open Access
A recent article reports new observations of the gaseous content of WolfLundmarkMelotte (WLM), an archetype of isolated, gasrich field dwarf galaxies in the Local Universe, which presents an unexpected situation, four trailing, extended gas clouds lying in the direction opposite to WLM’s spatial motion, as well as a spatial offset between the WLM gas and stars, which rules out the nearcompletion merger hypothesis and suggests a process called rampressure stripping. For these authors, this f...
Aug 12, 2022Open Access
In the present work, Einstein’s formula, which establishes massenergy equivalence, has been obtained using Joule’s law. For this purpose, the equality of the kinetic energy of the translational motion of molecules to the amount of energy released by direct current in the form of heat is used. It is noted that the emerging direct current is equivalent to the voltage drop at the ends of the resistance in a finite time. Attention is drawn to the fact that the translational velocity of electrons fo...
May 27, 2022Open Access
A solution to the Schrödinger equation completely mapped to the microlevel of the matter is obtained. The solution allows mathematically to ground the phenomenon of formation of the elementary antiparticles, emergence of the elementary particles from the vacuum at a high electric field intensity, to create a model of waveparticle duality and obtain a model of a gravitational wave. To obtain a model of antiparticles, a model of the emergence of elementary particles from a physical vacuum at...
Go


