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Feb 08, 2023Open    Access

Awareness and Use of Cosmeceuticals among Female Students of Tertiary Institutions in Northeastern Nigeria

Mohammed Tahiru Bolori, Bukar Umar Bolori, Amina Baba Kuchichi, Ibrahim Musa Ngoshe, Fati Lawan Bukar, Mary Olubisi Amodu, Sana Arshad, Somia Gutbi Salim Mohamed, Halim Rahamtalla Mohamed Ahmed
Introduction: The word cosmeceutical was first conceived in 1961 by Raymond Reed. The term was further popularized by Dr. Albert Kligman in 1984 and by 1996 the cosmeceuticals products made their first appearance in the world market. The word “cosmeceutical” continues to evolve since then to date. However, most people are either ignorant of it or confused it with cosmetics generally. It lacks a proper definition and its difference from individual cosmetics and pharmaceutical agents seem to be in...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109717


Jan 31, 2023Open    Access

Drug Resistance in Malaria Parasites: Does “Specific Antidrug Substance” Exist?

Gao-De Li
Development of drug-resistant lines in rodent malaria parasites left us a deep impression on antidrug specificity of antimalarial drug-resistant lines, which is similar to antigen-induced antibody. Based on this comparison, “specific antidrug substance” was proposed to explain antidrug specificity of drug-resistant lines. If “specific antidrug substance” refers to a protein that is quite like antibody, the concept of “specific antidrug substance” is wrong because no such protein has been discove...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109691


Dec 23, 2022Open    Access

Taking Paracetamol and Vitamin C or Ibuprofen and Vitamin C Every Day Could Be a Simple Way to Prevent COVID-19 Infection

Gao-De Li
Based on a novel antiviral theory, we propose that taking paracetamol and vitamin C or ibuprofen and vitamin C every day could be a very simple way to prevent COVID-19 infection. To prove the effectiveness of these drug combinations, urgent clinical trials should be carried out. Mass drug administration plays a very important role in the containment of COVID-19 pandemic. Prophylactic drugs might not provide 100% protection, but can reduce coronavirus deaths and severe cases, which might facilita...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109544


Dec 22, 2022Open    Access

COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy in Lebanon

Mariam Mando, Aseel Al Khansa, Yousef Zaitoun, Mariam Chokor, Bilal Elchehimi, Riham Dweik, Batoul Jaafar, Rayan Al Haj, Rim Nahme, Ismaeil Bazzi, Hayssam Chebli
COVID-19 vaccine has become the topic of concern for the world population, and hesitation to vaccinate is among the top 10 global health by the World Health Organization (WHO). Questions about vaccine hesitancy are investigated in a sample (n = 2642) of Lebanese people through an online survey distributed in January 2022. The survey was made up of closed-ended questions that aim to study the relations between sociodemographic factors, general knowledge and attitudes about the COVID-19 vaccine, a...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109331


Sep 19, 2022Open    Access

Link between COVID-19 and Substance Abuse among University Students

Edwin Kadima Wamukoya, Micky Olutende, David Kaniaru, Lilian Soibe, Maximilla Wanzala
The ongoing spread of the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed much systemic vulnerability to health care, the economy, and to the normal functioning of society worldwide. As a result of the accumulating stress, many young people find it difficult to cope with mounting pressure and revert to drug and substance abuse. There has been increased research on the impact COVID-19 had on the normal lives of people. However, studies of this effect on substance abuse among the youth are scarce. The objective of ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109034


Mar 24, 2022Open    Access

Knowledge of Contraceptives, Knowledge of Types, and Identified Challenges to Contraceptives Use among Undergraduate Nursing Students in the University for Development Studies

Habibu Issah, Abukari Salifu, Issahaku Awal
Background: Contraceptives are classified primarily into two categories: classic/traditional and modern methods. They are considered as critical preventive measure of unplanned pregnancies and sexual transmitted infections (STIs). This survey was carried out among nursing students of the University for Development Studies main campus in Tamale (UDS). The aim of the study was to describe undergraduate nursing students’ knowledge of contraceptives, their knowledge of the types, and the challenges ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108530


Feb 24, 2022Open    Access

Effect of Granules Size on the Release Kinetics of Ibuprofen from Its Matrix Tablet

Ekaete I. Akpabio, Daniel E. Effiong, Timma O. Uwah, Sabinus I. Ofoefule
Background: Sustained-release matrix tablets have been used to present a wide range of drugs for oral use. Matrix tablets are formed by compaction of drug granules prepared by granulation of drug-polymer mix. Objective: This study was to evaluate different granule sizes of ibuprofen produced using two polymers and determine whether granule size and polymer type influenced Ibuprofen release from the sustained-release matrix tablets. Method: Ethyl cellulose and Carbopol 940 were used separately at...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107920


Aug 31, 2021Open    Access

Effects of Intravenous Agent Used on Oxygen Desaturation during Suxamethonium Apnoea

George Tweneboah, Jane Acquaye, Lorraine Sallah, Tsiri Agbenyega
Anesthesia induction consists of pre-oxygenation, intravenous agent, muscle relaxant which causes apnea for laryngoscopy and intubation. The three commonly used intravenous agents are Ketamine, Propofol and Thiopentone. However, various views have been expressed in relation to oxygen saturation during anesthesia. The study sought to affirm the rate of oxygen desaturation during suxamethonium apnea in relation to the intravenous induction agent used. An observational research design was adopted f...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107805


Mar 05, 2021Open    Access

Comparative Studies on the Effects of High Sound Levels on the Haematological Parameters and Antioxidant Levels of Wistar Albino Rats

Chinedu P. Nwuke, Ibeh Bartholomew, Chibuike Daniel Peter
This is a detailed experimental and comparative study evaluating the harmful effects of graded loud noise on hematological and antioxidant in Wistar albino rats. Wistar albino rats were divided into a control group (those kept away from the noise due to a generator set), groups 1 (exposed to varied, 85 - 105 db levels of loud noise from a generator) and groups 2 (exposed to less, 40 - 55 db levels of loud noise from generator set) and exposed to way off fumes from electrical generator sounds at ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107185


Jun 05, 2019Open    Access

The Influence of Psychotropic Drugs on Investor Overconfidence

Marcia Zindel, Gabriel Ribeiro, Carlos H. Rocha, Sergio Da Silva
We study the effects of the self-reported intake of stimulants, depressants and hallucinogens on investor overconfidence. A total of 105 investors participated. We find that the frequency of drug use did not affect overcon-fidence. However, overconfidence was correlated with the use of psycho-tropic drugs in our sample; regardless of type, we find a positive correlation of 15 percent. Correlation of investor overconfidence with st
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Open Access Library J.   Vol.6, 2019
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105486


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