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Nov 24, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Statistical Analysis of Aerosols Characteristics from Satellite Measurements over East Africa Using Autoregressive Moving Average (ARIMA)

Geoffrey W. Khamala, John W. Makokha, Richard Boiyo
Aerosols have become a major subject of concern at global, regional and local scales. They influence Earth’s radiation budget by scattering and absorbing solar energy resulting in atmospheric cooling and warming respectively. However, immense efforts have been devoted to monitoring atmospheric aerosols using various techniques ranging from in-situ, ground and satellite-based remote sensing and modeling techniques. Thus, time series analysis and forecasting have gained momentum over recent...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109496


Oct 31, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Unveiled Major Global Climate Calamities Hot Spots with Their Tracks, Targets and Lone Alone Reversion Director

Malik Muhammad Nazeer
The extreme buildup of Global Heat Content (GHC) is the major culprit behind all Global Climate Calamities (GCC). About 86.38% of its annual heat input is due to Indus Basin Water Treaty (IBWT) blunder, committed in 1960 by diverting 39 MAF Water Irrigating Pakistan (WIP) to India. This disabled the Divinely created Global Air Conditioner (GAC) already in operation at 35.7% of its capacity, dissipating GHC at 14.235 ZJ/year with the said water as its Freon. Henceforth, 41.1% annual deficit in GH...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108953


Jul 26, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Global Warming Thermodynamics

Qinghan Bian
Historical data since 1880 shows that no correlation exists between air temperature anomalies and atmospheric CO2 concentrations. However, that strong pseudo-correlation from 1965 does exist implies that there could be a strong correlation between the warming and waste heat because the latter and CO2 are concurrent by-products of fossil fuel combustion. Global warming is a basic thermodynamic problem driven by huge amount of waste heat from human activities that is about 80% of globally consumed...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108945


Jul 14, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Climate Change and Carbon Sequestration among Smallholder Farmers in Uganda: An Introduction and Review of Literature

Hellen Abbo Owasa
In Uganda, sorghum constitutes the second most widely grown cereal according to the latest statistics from the country’s statistics body, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics. This notwithstanding, there has been, in the context of Uganda, very little research and published literature on its potential to sequester carbon. There is no sufficient data on the exact levels of carbon sequestered by this sorghum/legume intercropping system, which is widespread as a technology within Uganda’s smallholder so...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108889


Dec 24, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Relationship between Relative Humidity and the Dew Point Temperature in Abuja, Nigeria

Enoch O. Elemo, Efua A. Ogobor, Benjamin G. Ayantunji, Otonye E. Mangete, George A. Alagbe, Muhammad L. Abdulkareem, Allan E. Obarolo, Blessing O. Onuh
The analysis of the trend in the Relative humidity and Dew point temperature, together with the assessment of the statistical significance between the two parameters received great attention due to its importance to global warming and climate change. The role that the Atmospheric water vapor plays as a greenhouse gas makes it one of the most significant determinants in the discussions of weather and climate. In the current study, the relationship between relative humidity and Dew point temperatu...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108086


Dec 06, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Statistical Analysis of the Average Wind Speeds and Maximum Wind Speed (Gust Winds) at a Location in Abuja, Nigeria

Enoch O. Elemo, Efua A. Ogobor, George A. Alagbe, Benjamin G. Ayantunji, Otonye E. Mangete, Oladunjoye S. Tomori, Kemi B. Doherty, Blessing O. Onuh
Wind speed is widely accepted as the principal driver of the Harmattan season in the West African sub region. It does this by bringing in very huge amount of dust through the Northeast part of Nigeria to the whole country as a whole. The presence of dust in the atmosphere plays a prominent role in the rate of absorptions and scatterings of the solar radiation. However, very little or no attention has been given to the study of Gust winds (short duration (in seconds) wind speed maxima) in Nigeria...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107935


Jul 27, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Analysis of the Impact of Climate Change on the Areas along the Sichuan-Tibet Railway

Siyuan Nie, Jie Ma
In order to further study the impact of climate change on the areas along the Sichuan-Tibet Railway, this paper uses the daily data set (V3.0) of China’s surface climate data, and through various methods such as time division, correlation analysis, etc., the meteorological elements along the railway were analyzed in detail. Studies have shown that the precipitation in the areas along the Sichuan-Tibet Railway is mainly concentrated in summer. Autumn and winter are dry periods, and there is a hig...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107671


Jul 23, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Analysis of Land Surface Energy and Water Cycle Changes in Naqu Region of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during 2005-2016

Hao Wang, Jie Ma
In order to improve the integrity of the research on the thermal conditions of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the plateau energy cycle, and strengthen the understanding of the climate change and water cycle in the Nagqu area, this article uses the 2005—provided by the Naqu Alpine Climate and Environmental Observation and Research Station of the Northwest Institute of Eco- Environmental Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences. In 2016, the hour by hour high-resolution data set of atmospheric, soil ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107670


Jul 23, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Analysis of Land Surface Energy Changes at Zhufeng Station in Qinghai Tibet Plateau in 2008

Yangfei Wang, Jie Ma
The surface radiation balance and partial meteorological elements in the Qomolangma region were analyzed by using the flux observation data of Qomolangma stations in 2008 in the High-Resolution Integrated Observation Dataset of Earth-Atmosphere Interaction Process of the National Tibetan Plateau Scientific Data Center. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) The influence of weather conditions on the total solar radiation is more significant at high altitudes. For 2008, radiation on average each...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107669


Jun 29, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Air Quality Improvement from COVID-19 Lockdown in the East African Community: Evidences from Kampala and Nairobi Cities

Juliet Angom, Christopher Angiro, Timothy Omara
A novel highly infectious disease (Corona virus disease-2019, COVID-19) has been an unprecedented global crisis. Following COVID-19 break out from Wuhan to the rest of the world, various countries adopted partial or total lockdowns to curb its progression or mitigate it. Lockdowns left drastic effects on health, physiological, social, economic and environmental fronts. This study reports on the impacts of COVID-19-induced human mobility restrictions on atmospheric levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107389


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