All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Visual Abilities of Motorcyclists Injured in Road Traffic in the City of Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1110812, PP. 1-15

Subject Areas: Clinical Medicine

Keywords: Kinshasa, Motorcyclists, Accidents, Visual Acuity, Visual Functions

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

Background and objective: In low- and middle-income countries, two-wheel drive (DRM) vehicles are operated for commercial purposes; it is a production tool. However, it is very vulnerable for passengers, the driver and even pedestrians. It exposes 38 times more to the risk of accidents than cars. Our objective was to determine the visual abilities of motorcyclists involved in ATR in the city of Kinshasa. Methods: A cross-sectional study with analytical purposes was carried out at the department of Ophthalmology of the university clinics of Kinshasa during a period from March to May 2023. 75 bikers were examined. The ophthalmological assessment included measurement of visual acuity, examination of the anterior segment using a biomicroscope, examination of the fundus using direct ophthalmoscopy, automatic refraction, monocular and binocular visual field using the confrontation method. and color vision. Results: All riders were male, with an average age of 37.3 ± 11.1 years with a range of 20 to 63 years. Two thirds of the bikers were married. The most common complaints were the sensation of grains of sand (98.6%), and the sensation of a foreign body (50.7%). The most noted anterior segment pathologies were pterygium (33.8%) and pinguecula (21.1%). The bikers were emmetropic in 58% of cases, presbyopic in 21%, myopic in 10%, hyperopic in 11% and astigmatic in 1% of cases. Intraocular pressure was elevated in 1.4% of motorcyclists. Color vision assessment showed dyschromatopsia in 2.4% of cases. Monocular and binocular visual fields were normal in more than 9 out of ten motorcyclists. At the fundus level, 1.4% of bikers showed signs of glaucoma and 5.3% showed signs of early hypertension. Conclusion: Almost all of the motorcyclists had visual acuity and visual field consistent with motorcycle driving at least in one eye. There was not a positive correlation between the visual skills of motorcyclists and the occurrence of accidents in this population group.

Cite this paper

Mutombo, A. N. , Mazoba, T. K. and Kayembe, D. L. (2023). Visual Abilities of Motorcyclists Injured in Road Traffic in the City of Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Open Access Library Journal, 10, e812. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1110812.

References

[1]  Bartolomeos, K., Elkington, J., Harvey, A., Ivers, R., Keay, L., Khayesi, M., Peden, M. and Toroyan, T. (2017) Sécurité des deux e trois roues motrices: Manuel de sécurité routière à l’intention des décideurs et des intervenants. OMS, Thaïlande.
[2]  Ang, B.H. (2019) Self-Regulation of Driving and Riding Practices among Older Adults in Malaysia. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 62, 782-795. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2019.03.014
[3]  Yousif, M.T., Sadoullah A.F.M. and Kassim, K.A.A. (2019) A Review of Behavioural Issues Contribution to Motorcycle Safety. IATSS Research, 44, 142-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iatssr.2019.12.001
[4]  Joy, S.P., Sunitha, V.S., Devi, V.R.S., Sneha, A., Deepak, S. and Raju, A.J. (2016) A Novel Security Enabled Speed Monitoring System for Two Wheelers Using Wireless Technology. 2016 International Conference on Circuit, Power and Computing Technologies, Nagercoil, 18-19 March 2016, 1-7.
[5]  (2018) Rapport de situation sur la sécurité routière dans le monde 2018: Résumé. http://www.who.int/fr/publications-detail/WHO-NMH-NVI-18.20
[6]  (2019) World Sociological Atlas. Ranking of World States by Road Mortality. http://books.google.cd/books?dq=World%20sociological%20atlas.%20Ranking%20of%20world%20states%20by%20road%20mortality&hl=fr&id=wWExCZWxswgC&lr&oi=fnd&ots=li5FTFHyHn&pg=PR7&redir_esc=y&sig=GYGz59hhcr6NL6oLsXEDQ2jO6K4&utm_medium=email&utm_source=transaction%23v%3Donepage&q&f=false
[7]  (2016) Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales 2023. http://data.who.int/fr
[8]  Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) (2015) Rapport de situation mondial sur la sécurité routière 2015. https://www.afro.who.int/sites/default/files/2017-06/summary%20fr.pdf
[9]  Tripodi, A. and Grovert, S. (2022) La sécurité des deux-roues motorisés en Afrique. Banque africaine de développement, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
[10]  Karakus, G. (2020) The Central Forces During and After the Formation of Iran Islamic Revolution. International Refereed Journal on Social Sciences, 6, 72-83. https://doi.org/10.31568/atlas.379
[11]  Lijarcio, J.I., et al. (2020) Vision and Driving: An Underestimated but Fundamental Relationship for Promoting Road Safety Worldwide. International Review of Ophthalmic Opticsonline Publication, 14, 1-7.
[12]  http://www.guide-vue.fr/la-vue-par-theme/la-vue-et-la-conduite.
[13]  http://www.essilor.fr/la-vue/activities-et-loisirs/improvez-vos-performances-visuelles-au-volant.
[14]  https://www.guide-vue.fr/Vision.
[15]  Chawda, D. and Shinde, P. (2022) Effects of Solar Radiation on the Eyes. Cureus, 14, e30857.
[16]  Korir, F.K., Marco, S. and Njuguma, M. (2012) Vision among Bodaboda Motorcycle Riders in Kisumu. Master’s Thesis, University of Nairoibi, Nairobi.
[17]  Boadi, S. (2016) Visual Function among Commercial Vehicle Drivers in Central Region of Ghana. Journal of Ophtametry, 9, 54-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optom.2015.06.004
[18]  Monteiro, S., Alfa Bio, A., Assavedo, A.R., Dossou Bodjrenou, B. and Alamou, S. (2018) Morbidite Oculaire Chez Les Conducteurs De Taxi Motos A Parakou. World Wide Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, 4, 52-54.
[19]  Sangowawa, A.O. (2011) Economic Costs of Motorcycle Injury among Crash-Involved Commercial Motorcyclists in Oyo State, Nigeria. African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 40, 385-391.
[20]  Vroh, J.B.B., Tiembre, I., Ekra, D.K., et al. (2016) Determinant of Fatal Road Traffic Accidents in Côte d’Ivoire from 2002 to 2011. Sante Publique, 28, 647-653. https://doi.org/10.3917/spub.165.0647
[21]  Madougou, S., et al. (2016) Incidence and Impact of Road Traffic Accidents among Motorcycle Taxi Drivers in a Tropical Country. Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique, 102, 211-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcot.2016.01.005
[22]  Matthew, B., et al. (2021) The Lancet Global Health Commission on Global Eye Health: Vision beyond 2020. Lancet Global Health, 9, e489-e551.

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

WhatsApp +8615387084133

WeChat 1538708413