All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


Emotional-Cognitive Overconfidence and Gender

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106116, PP. 1-13

Subject Areas: Behavioral Economics

Keywords: Gender, Overconfidence, Emotional Overconfidence, Cognitive Overconfidence, Cognitive Reflection, Consumer Choice

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


We study the role gender plays in emotional and cognitive overconfidence in a consumer-choice environment. Regardless of age, we find in our sample that males show more emotional and cognitive overconfidence than females do. However, older females are more overconfident in both emotional and cognitive terms. This result can be rationalized by the fact that older females have an edge on their immune system.

Cite this paper

Maia, G. , Bonfim, D. and Silva, S. D. (2020). Emotional-Cognitive Overconfidence and Gender. Open Access Library Journal, 7, e6116. doi:


[1]  Alba, J.W. and Hutchinson, J.W. (2000) Knowledge Calibration: What Consumers Know and What They Think They Know. Journal of Consumer Research, 27, 123-156.
[2]  Moorman, C., Diehl, K., Brinberg, D. and Kidwell, B. (2004) Subjective Knowledge, Search Locations, and Consumer Choice. Journal of Consumer Research, 31, 673-680.
[3]  Kidwell, B., Hardesty, D.M. and Childers, T.L. (2008b) Emotional Calibration Effects on Consumer Choice. Journal of Consumer Research, 35, 611-621.
[4]  Gershoff, A.D. and Johar, G.V. (2006) Do You Know Me? Consumer Calibration of Friends’ Knowledge. Journal of Consumer Research, 32, 496-503.
[5]  Frederick, S. (2005) Cognitive Reflection and Decision Making. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 19, 25-42.
[6]  Kidwell, B., Hardesty, D.M. and Childers, T.L. (2008a) Consumer Emotional Intelligence: Conceptualization, Measurement, and the Prediction of Consumer Decision Making. Journal of Consumer Research, 35, 154-166.
[7]  Salovey, P. and Mayer, J.D. (1990) Emotional Intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9, 185-211.
[8]  Kruger, J. and Dunning, D. (1999) Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties in Recognizing One’s Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-Assessments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 1121-1134.
[9]  Mayer, J.D., Salovey, P., Caruso, D.R. and Sitarenios, G. (2003) Measuring Emotional Intelligence with the MSCEIT V2.0. Emotion, 3, 97-105.
[10]  Pulford, B.D. and Colman, A.M. (1996) Overconfidence, Base Rates and Outcome Positivity/Negativity of Predicted Events. British Journal of Psychology, 87, 431-445.
[11]  Lichtenstein, S. and Fischhoff, B. (1977) Do Those Who Know More Also Know More about How Much They Know? Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 20, 159-183.
[12]  Kahneman, D. (2011) Thinking, Fast and Slow. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York.
[13]  Zindel, M.L., Menezes, E., Matsushita, R. and Da Silva, S. (2010) Biological Characteristics Modulating Investor Overconfidence. Economics Bulletin, 30, 1496-1508.
[14]  Barber, B.M. and Odean, T. (2001) Boys Will Be Boys: Gender, Overconfidence, and Common Stock Investment. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116, 261-292.
[15]  Gilbert, D. (2006) Stumbling on Happiness. Knopf, New York.
[16]  Mischel, W. (2014) The Marshmallow Test. Little, Brown Spark, New York.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


微信:OALib Journal