Oct 22, 2014Open    AccessPreprint

Understanding the Basics of Final Unification with Avogadro Number

U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana
Physicists have long suggested that the four observed fundamental forces of nature are separate manifestations of what was once a single force at times close to the Big Bang. If so, magnitude of the unified force can be assumed to be equal to.Strength of any interaction can be defined as the ratio of the operating force magnitude and the magnitude of...

Oct 13, 2014Open    AccessPreprint

On the Role of Nuclear Binding Energy in Understanding the E-CAT Energy Liberation and Isotopic Change Mechanisms

U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana
During E-CAT test run some hidden and unknown energy is being coming out in the form of heat energy in large quantity.  Based on the principle of conservation of energy and from the well-known nuclear fusion and fission reactions it is possible to guess that, the E-CAT hidden energy may be in the form of binding of protons and neutrons of the Nickel and Lithium atomic nuclei. By considering the nuclear binding energies of ...


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