Instructions for Author

OALib PrePrints is a ''preprint server'' for the Sciences, Technology and Medicine (see these subject areas for a fuller list).

Submissions to OALib PrePrints are not formally peer-reviewed. Instead, they are screened by OALib staff to ensure that they fit the subject area and that they can reasonably be considered a part of the academic literature. If a submission is found to be unsuitable in any of these respects, then it will not be accepted for posting. Content which is considered to be non-scientific or pseudoscientific will not pass our screening. All unqualified manuscripts are sent back within 10 working days and a decision letter of the manuscript is sent within 4 weeks.All decisions of OALib staff are final.

In order to maintain the integrity of the scientific literature, authors should not post material which has been published, or which has been accepted for publication by a formal peer-reviewed journal.

At present, OALib PrePrints only accepts MS WORD uploads for the main document (in addition to Supplemental Files). Future developments will expand on this.

OALib PrePrints forms a permanent, citable archive and as such submissions cannot be removed once posted. Versioning is available, allowing authors to iteratively improve their drafts.

Submission to OALib PrePrints does not prevent evaluation, or publication, in the OALib journal. However, other publishers may have different policies in this respect, so authors should make their own enquiries if they wish to submit an OALib PrePrint to another journal.

Submission to OALib (the peer reviewed journal) is not a requirement for a PrePrint submission.

All content in OALib PrePrints is published under a CC-BY license. It is the responsibility of the author(s) to ensure that they have the rights to post under this license.


Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online manuscript submission system. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted. If for some technical reason online submission is not successful, the author can submit the manuscript to

Preparing your PrePrint
Article type:

One Column.

Manuscript organization

All manuscripts are expected to be prepared as a single MS Word document with the complete text, references, tables and figures included. Any revised manuscripts prepared for publication should be sent as a single editable Word document.

Paper in any language is acceptable (need to have Title and Abstract in English). Title, author(s), and affiliations should all be included on a title page as the first page of the manuscript file, followed by a 100-300 word abstract and 3-5 keywords. The order they follow is: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction.

The title should be in 20 point Times font with 1.5 cm margin on all edges. All initial letters should be capitalized except function words. PrePrints should include sequential line numbering, use an approx. 1.5 cm margin on all edges, and make use of a 14 point Times font. Other words should be in a 10 point Times font.

Figure and table requirement

All figures or photographs must be submitted as jpg or tif files with distinct characters and symbols at 500 dpi (dots per inch). Test your figures by printing them from a personal computer. The online version should look relatively similar to the personal-printer copy. Tables and equations should be in an editable rather than image version. Tables must be edited with Word/Excel. Equations must be edited with Equation Editor. Figures, tables and equations should be numbered and cited as Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, etc. in sequence.

References format

All references should be numbered in square brackets in the text and listed in the REFERENCES section in the order they appear in the text. Below are some examples:

Journal Articles:

[1] García, J.I., Sepúlveda, S. and Noriega-Hoces, L. (2010) Beneficial Effect of Reduced Oxygen Concentration with Transfer of Blastocysts in IVF Patients Older than 40 Years Old. Health, 2, 1010-1017.

[2] Maganioti, A.E., Chrissanthi, H.D., Charalabos, P.C., Andreas, R.D., George, P.N. and Christos, C.N. (2010) Cointegration of Event-Related Potential (ERP) Signals in Experiments with Different Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Conditions. Health, 2, 400-406.

[3] Bootorabi, F., Haapasalo, J., Smith, E., Haapasalo, H. and Parkkila, S. (2011) Carbonic Anhydrase VII—A Potential Prognostic Marker in Gliomas. Health, 3, 6-12.

E-Journal Articles:

[4] Bharti, V.K. and Srivastava, R.S. (2009) Protective Role of Buffalo Pineal Proteins on Arsenic-Induced Oxidative Stress in Blood and Kidney of Rats. Health, 1, 167-172.


[5] Verdu, S. (1998) Multi-User Detection. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Edited Book:

[6] Prasad, A.S. (1982) Clinical and Biochemical Spectrum of Zinc Deficiency in Human Subjects. In: Prasad, A.S., Ed., Clinical, Biochemical and Nutritional Aspects of Trace Elements, Alan R. Liss, Inc., New York, 5-15.

Conference Proceedings:

[7] Clare, L., Pottie, G. and Agre, J. (1999) Self-Organizing Distributed Sensor Networks. Proceedings SPIE Conference Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications, Orlando, 3713, 229-237.


[8] Heinzelman, W. (2000) Application-Specific Protocol Architectures for Wireless Networks. Ph.D. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge.


[9] Honeycutt, L. (1998) Communication and Design Course.


OALib Preprints authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.

The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.

While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.