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Nov 30, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Effects of Prescribed Burning on Abundance of Common Herbivores in Matekenya Vlei, Sengwa Wildlife Research Area (SWRA), Zimbabwe

Mahakata Innocent, Mapaure Isaac
Fire is commonly used to remove long, dry, low-nutritious grass and generate fresh grass for wildlife. The study sought to examine the impact of prescribed burning on common herbivore abundance and habitat selection in Matekenya Vlei, Sengwa Wildlife Research Area (SWRA). Four-line transects, two in each block (burnt and unburnt) were set. The average length of each transect was 2.5 km. Daytime transect surveys were conducted between 07:00 hours and 08:00 hours morning and 16:00 hours and 17:00 ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109509


Jul 28, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Predicting the Impacts of Climate Change on the Potential Suitable Habitat Distribution of House Crows (Corvus splendens) in Tanzania

Sood A. Ndimuligo, Baraka N. Mbwambo, Pius Y. Kavana, Ally K. Nkwabi
Global climate change has recently received attention as it affects species distribution at all scales. Many species, including invasive species, have indicated a shift in their ecological ranges in response to climate change. However, little is known about the impacts of climate change on house crows (Corvus splendens) habitat distribution in Tanzania. We assessed the impacts of climate change on current and future potential suitable habitat distribution for house crows using Maxent 3.4....
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109014


Jul 19, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Rural Livelihoods and Forest Incomes in the Etinde Community Forest of South West Cameroon

Mukete Beckline, Zhongqiu Sun, Vivian Ntoko, Dominic Ngwesse, Abdul Manan, Yang Hu, Ngoe Mukete, Loveline Che, Jacinta Foncha
For several decades, many households in rural areas have relied on surrounding forests for their livelihoods, safety nets and sustenance. This reliance is most often determined by the household’s characteristics, available forests and economic benefits. That notwithstanding, the demand for more farmlands and unsustainable harvesting of forest resources are pushing these forests into depletion. This rapid decline endangers the livelihoods of forest-reliant households, threatens biodiversity and i...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108793


Jul 14, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Climate Change and Carbon Sequestration among Smallholder Farmers in Uganda: An Introduction and Review of Literature

Hellen Abbo Owasa
In Uganda, sorghum constitutes the second most widely grown cereal according to the latest statistics from the country’s statistics body, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics. This notwithstanding, there has been, in the context of Uganda, very little research and published literature on its potential to sequester carbon. There is no sufficient data on the exact levels of carbon sequestered by this sorghum/legume intercropping system, which is widespread as a technology within Uganda’s smallholder so...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108889


Feb 28, 2022Open    AccessArticle

The Impacts of Anthropogenic Activities on the Surface Sediment Quality of Okpare Creek in Niger Delta, Nigeria

Ikegu Onajite, Olomukoro John Ovie
Anthropogenic activities along Okpare creek are mainly farming, irrigation, fishing, domestic activities, lumbering and sand mining and these activities can alter some natural components of the creek, hence this study aimed to assess the impact of anthropogenic activities on the surface sediment quality of Okpare Creek in Niger Delta. The sediment samples were collected and analyzed for physiochemical parameters as well as heavy metal content. Sediment quality parameters examined were pH, electr...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107686


Jan 13, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Natural Regeneration of Indigenous Species under Plantation Forests of Mahoganis (Swietenia macrophylla and Swietenia xaubrevilleana): The Case of Martinique

Philippe Joseph, Kévine Baillard, Jean-Philippe Claude, Yelji Abati, Séverine Ely-Marius, Stéphane Sophie, Yanis Jean-Francois, Jean-Emile Simphor, Peguy Major
In many geographic areas influenced by tropical and temperate climates, natural forest ecosystems have been destroyed in favour of plantations of allochthonous trees which are economically profitable for different aspects of the timber industry. Some of these mature plantations degrade the soils and inhibit natural regeneration of the local flora; others, due to the physical constraints they impose, can contribute to the installation and the development of autochthonous taxa. The plantations of ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108306


Dec 24, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Role of Women in Maintaining Suburban Agricultural Land in Togo (West Africa)

Anissou Bawa, Kouyadega Djalna, Hodabalo Kamou, Komlan Batawila, Jacques Imbernon, Koffi Akpagana
The preservation of suburban agricultural land in the face of rapid urbanization in the West African region has been a major problem in recent decades. This paper examines the land tenure strategies used by farmers in relation to their assessments of the impact of urban growth. It is based on individual surveys conducted among farmers and landowners on the outskirts of the city of Lomé in Togo. This study reveals that perceptions differ according to gender and that women—although marginalized by...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108182


Dec 21, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Mangrove Dynamics near Douala International Airport (Cameroon Coastal)

Fulbert Rodrigue Zogning Lontsi, Paul Tchawa, Joseph Youta Happy
The purpose of this research is to assess the evolution of the mangrove swamp near Douala international airport over the past five decades. The study is based on the collection and processing of data (bibliographic, aerial photographs respectively from 1974, 2003 and 2009; Landsat Multispectral scanner satellite images from 1974, Quickbird from 2003 and Geo Eye from 2012 and 2020). The study is also based on observations and surveys (with 37 semi-interviews, 03 focus groups and the administratio...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108184


Mar 16, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Avifaunal Diversity in Urban Coastal Wetland of Colombo Sri Lanka

Ethauda A. K. K. Amarasekara, Hewawasam Bentotage Jayasiri, Champa Amarasiri
Sri Lanka is an island nation, exhibiting remarkable biological diversity in spite of its small size; Country has rich ecosystem diversity because of its topographic and climatic heterogeneity as well as its coastal influence. The wetland ecosystems in Sri Lanka have been internationally recognized for their outstanding biological prosperity and their conservation status. Sri Lanka’s wetlands are also diverse, comprised of 103 major rivers and associated marshes, and about 12,000 irrigation tank...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107256


Nov 27, 2020Open    AccessArticle

An Assessment of the Water, Irrigation, and Food Security by a Fishbone Analysis in Turkey

A. Ahmet Yücer, Feyza Nur Ayhan
The use of water resources is ineffective although Turkey has insufficient freshwater resources. Dry farming is practiced in a large part of agricultural land. This land due to insufficient precipitation throughout the country is left to fallow once in two years. Agricultural drought is becoming a severe challenge for agriculture and food security, and it may also impact the wealth of farmers by agriculture income. So, it causes widespread concern among the rural population. There is a close rel...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106929


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