OALib Journal
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Apr 07, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Comparison of Antibacterial Efficacy of Locally Produced Alcohol Based Hand Sanitizer and Commonly Available Commercial Hand Sanitizer Used in Healthcare Facilities in Uganda

Tusabe Fred, Kasuswa Sophia, Ssegawa Alex, Busiinge Emmanuel, Lusheda Tom, Ampaire Lucas
Use of hand sanitizers has become a cornerstone in clinical practice for the prevention of disease transmission between practitioners and patients. There are a number of hand sanitizers sold on the Ugandan market with labels on their packages that claim that the hand sanitizer can kill 99.999% of germs and also there are hospitals that embarked on the local production of alcohol based hand sanitizer whose efficacy data are not locally available. Objective: To evaluate antibacterial efficacy of l...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106221


Mar 20, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Health Literacy in Younger Age Groups: Health Care Perceptions: Informed People Will Be More Prepared People

Cecília Nunes, Cristina Vaz de Almeida, Célia Belim
Background: Young people and adolescents are increasingly using digital platforms for various purposes, including health aspects, which is not linear about whether they consider health information important or understand it. Objectives: Exploratory study with 51 individuals aged 17 to 25 years to ascertain their perception of health issues. Methodology: For this study, a 10-question questionnaire survey was elaborated and distributed online via the Facebook Social Network to 51 male and female a...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106187


Apr 28, 2018Open    AccessArticle

The Exploration of Factors That Affect Travel Safety of Child Passengers

Kai Liu
There are few studies on the travel safety of child passenger in China. The study aims to describe the seating position and restraint practice of child passenger in China’s first-tier cities. The travel information on the children enrolled in 10 early education institutions, 15 kindergartens and 10 primary schools was randomly selected in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chongqing and Jinan in recent years. A total of 4900 parents we
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Open Access Library J. Vol.5, 2018
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1104574


Feb 23, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Re-Emergence of Malaria in Malaysia: A Review Article

Alene Sze Jing Yong, Parasakthi Navaratnam, Amudha Kadirvelu, Naganathan Pillai
Malaria is a global health problem, affecting millions of people annually. According to the World Malaria Report 2015, there were 214 million new cases of malaria globally (range 149 - 303 million) with an estimated mortality of 438,000 (range 236,000 - 635,000). The vast majority of the cases occur in the WHO African Region (88%), with the rest being in the WHO South East Asian Region (10%) and the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Regio
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Open Access Library J. Vol.5, 2018
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1104298


Jul 14, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Anthropometry and Dyslipidaemia on Birth Weight

Edward Delali Darku, Afu Clifford Jr., Martin Kwesi Darku
The period of pregnancy is a very important aspect of fetal growth and development. Maternal weight gain during pregnancy is associated with fetal macrosomia. Generally, delays in low maternal weight gain have been linked to limitations in fetal growth and development, and there is some evidence that low maternal weight gain is associated with an increased risk of pre-term delivery. Objective:
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Open Access Library J. Vol.4, 2017
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1103733


Oct 17, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Malaria Positive Rapid Diagnostic Test and Antimalarial Treatment in Patients with Fevers in the Accident and Emergency Unit of Effia Nkwanta Regional Hospital, Western Region, Ghana

Verner N. Orish, Jones Ofori-Amoah, Innocent Afeke, Ibrahim Jamfaru, Donatus W. Adongo, Kokou H. Amegan-Aho
Background: Rapid diagnostic test (RDT) is a simpler, easy to read malaria diagnostic test. It was introduced by the World Health Organization (WHO) to supplement the use of microscopy and can be used alone in areas where microscopy is unavailable. Its introduction was necessary to maintain the WHO test-based treatment protocol for malaria, as dependence of microscopy which is the gold standard is not possible in many areas in S
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Open Access Library J. Vol.3, 2016
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1103097


Nov 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes among Maasai Pastoral Communities in Simanjiro, Tanzania

Juliana Mandha, Buza Joram, Neema Kassimu, Pammla Petrucka
Background: The prevalence of non-communicable diseases in particular diabetes is rising worldwide especially in low income countries. Information on the risk factors at the community level is of paramount importance to enable strategic preventive programs. This study is undertaken to investigate the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes and Impaired Fasting Glucose and associated risk factors among Maasai communities of Simanjiro District, Tanzania. Methods: This is a cross- sectional population based ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.2, 2015
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1102079


Jul 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Progress towards the Global Eradication of Dracunculiasis

Adekunle Sanyaolu, Chuku Okorie, Yashika Dixon, Muguette Kemajou, Krystel Ly, Elizabeth Mathew, Jerome Nchamukong, Pooyan Nikookar, Roselin Ogunjimi, Risha Patidar, Sonam Sharma, Justin Woei
Dracunculus medinensis is a parasitic infection that can be prevented but still endemic in few countries today. Most individuals are not even aware that they are infected until when the symptoms develop. Contaminated drinking water, endemicity for the disease, and previous history of infection are the major risk factors for transmission of this disease. The Guinea worm’s life-cycle begins in contaminated water and ends within the human body. A host is necessary for the survival of this pa...
Open Access Library J. Vol.2, 2015
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1101696


Jul 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Outcome of Management of 5 Cases of Abdominal Pregnancies

Augustine Ochigbo Ojabo, Samuel Kuma Hembah-Hilekaan, Onyemocho Audu, Ehiagwina Andrew Okoh, Nwoyi Otu Oka
Abdominal pregnancies are rare; however, they are still frequently missed pre-operatively. This presents diagnostic and treatment dilemma especially in resource-constrained settings where CT-scan and MRI are not readily available for accurate diagnosis. Five cases of abdominal pregnancies were managed over an eighteen-year period. In 2 cases, the condition was diagnosed preoperatively. The age range of the patients was from 32 to 36 years with a mean of 32.4 years. All 5 patients recovered fully...
Open Access Library J. Vol.2, 2015
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1101643


Jun 11, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Identified Factors Behind Low Consumption of Animal Foods among the Children of 6 - 23 Months Old in Alive and Thrive Intervention Areas in Bangladesh

Umme Salma Mukta, Barnali Chakraborty, Umme Sayka, Md. Raisul Haque, Md. Moslem Uddin Mia
Background: In Bangladesh, more than two-thirds of total food consumption is rice as main staple, especially for the poor, in addition to some vegetables, pulses and small quantities of fish, meat, egg, etc. if and when available. The similar dietary pattern and practices were found for under two years old children in the intervention areas of Alive and Thrive (A & T) project where consumption of animal foods by children was minimal even after being counseled on its rightly mentioned. Premis...
Open Access Library J. Vol.2, 2015
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1101452


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