OALib Journal
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Mar 31, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Epidemiological Profile of Childbirth among Primiparous Women in Rural Areas of Tanganyika Province, Democratic Republic of Congo

Héman Kabemba Bukasa, Teiggy Birhula Mongane, Sylvain Kilima Kunda, Lutula B’Tient Jean-Jacques Saturnin, David Libala Ayumba, James Kayembe Tube, Abigael Mukonkole Kapenga, Jean-Pally Ngoyi-Ngoyi Kampule, John Ntabo Shebeni, Didier Kasumba Ilunga, Clement Ngindu Ilunga, Ghislain Kalombo Mushinga, Tshite Tshite
Introduction: Sub-Saharan Africa remains one of the areas where maternal deaths are most prevalent. This situation is linked to a number of maternal risk factors including obstetric experience, age, disease history, socio-economic conditions and the quality of the health system. The objective of this study is to determine the epidemiological profile of childbirth in rural primiparous women. Methods: This is a multi-centre, retrospective and descriptive cross-sectional study among primiparous wom...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107243


Nov 27, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Mental and Physical Health and Hygienic, Nutritional and Daily Habits during Quarantine in COVID-19 Pandemic

Carol Dillon, Patricio Perez Leguizamon, Diego Castro, Veronica Guelar, Virginia Garcia, Monica Feldman, Adriana Leis, Marina Romano, Cecilia Peralta, Juan Ignacio Rojas, Silvana Maggi, María Belen Viaggio
Introduction: The outbreak of the new coronavirus (COVID-19) was declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020. The Argentinian government adopted a preventive social isolation and lockdown strategy as an exceptional measure in this critical world context. This lockdown strategy has kept a large number of people in isolation and affected many aspects of people’s lives. Objective: To describe the physical and mental health status and possible changes in hygienic, nutrition...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106934


Nov 23, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Measles Outbreak Investigation in Pweto Health Zone—Haut-Katanga Province, DR of the Congo, 2018

Gabriel Kwete Woto Kwete, Ekra Yao, Jacques Kyungu Wa Numbi
Background: Sub-Saharan Africa reports repeated outbreaks of measles, a vaccine-preventable disease, which is notifiable under the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). DRC has reported several outbreaks of measles in the last three years. Poor immunization coverage and weak health systems have been related with measles and other vaccination-preventable diseases’ outbreaks. The DRC has committed to eliminating measles by 2020. In this...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106863


Oct 20, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Factors Associated with Risky Sexual Behavior among Jigjiga University Students in Jigjiga Ethiopia, 2018

Meka Kedir Jibril, Meron Kibru
Background: Adolescents and youths are known to be an adventurous group, and often engage in risky behaviors such as smoking, drinking alcohol, using drugs, and early unprotected sexual activity. University students are viewed as being at higher risks to acquire STI or HIV infection and they are categorized under the most at risk population segments due to their inclination to be engaged in risky sexual behavior. Methods: Institutional based descriptive cross-sectional study design was conducted...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106768


Sep 29, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Malaria Surveillance at the Patent Medicine Vendors: A Pilot Study in Jigawa State, Nigeria

Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Abdullahi Saddiq, Rex Mpazanje, Lynda Ozor, Umar Garba Bulangu, Seye Babatunde, Ini Nglass, Edwin Edeh, Nura Shuaib, Moses Onoh
Background: In Nigeria, the 2018 world malaria report shows that the country’s malaria surveillance system detects less than 20 per cent of the total malaria case. In malaria control programmes, the main source of data is health facility-based and reported routinely through the health information systems. The collected data is mainly for monitoring and evaluation at the programmatic level. Although the adoption of the District Health Information Software (DHIS2) has greatly improved the availabi...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106641


Sep 29, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Oversight Role of the WHO Independent Monitoring of the 2018-19 LLINs Replacement Campaign in Nigeria

Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Rex Mpazanje, Lynda Ozor, Abdullahi Saddiq, Seye Babatunde, Ini Nglass, Edwin Edeh, Moses Onoh, Nura Shuaib
The World Health Organisation (WHO) independent monitoring report (IMR) for the Long-lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) replacement campaign in Nigeria aims to ensure the campaigns met the minimum WHO standard through monitoring and guiding of the processs to achieve universal LLIN coverage and stop malaria transmission. The concept of an independent monitoring report was an innovation from the Independent Monitoring Board report of the Polio Elimination Programme. The independent monitoring repo...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106640


Sep 27, 2020Open    AccessArticle

HPV-Positive Laryngeal Carcinomas: Epidemiological, Virological and Progressive Features

H. B. Otouana Dzon, G. C. Ngouoni, S. Diembi, G. W. Ondzotto, A. Tsierie-Tsoba, F. A. Itiere Odzili, G. Ondzotto
Objective: The aim of this work was to determine the molecular prevalence of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) in carcinomas of the larynx and to identify its circulating genotypes. Patients and Methods: This was a descriptive, retrospective study of 20 years which included all the patients followed in otolaryngology department for laryngeal carcinoma. The virological analysis was done on the laryngeal biopsy pieces included in paraffin using the Gene Xpert technique. This technique uses real-time...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106679


Aug 14, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Does Distress Thermometer Have a Utility in the Era of COVID-19 Pandemic?

Sherif Mohamed, Ghada Elgohary, Azza Abd ElHaffez, Ehab Kamel, Nashwa Abd El-Aziz
The psychological impacts of the new COVID-19 pandemic are already evident. The pandemic sequelae will be observed in many populations: clinicians who care for patients with COVID-19, patients with COVID-19 and their families, patients with established psychiatric disorders, as well as the general population. Distress Thermometer (DT) is a single-item, self-report measure of distress that provides a brief, visual analogue, non-invasive screening for distress among cancer patients, as well as pat...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106643


Jul 28, 2020Open    AccessArticle

The Efficacy of Rapid Diagnostic Test in the Diagnosis of Malaria among Adults as Compared to Microscopy in a Hospital in Imo State, South Eastern Nigeria

Ugonma Winnie Dozie, Nneka Augusta Ekeh, Gregory Ndubeze Iwuoha, Chidozie Joakin Nwaokoro, Nneka Eleano Asuzu, Ikechukwu Nosike Simplicius Dozie
Malaria has been noted to be one of the most prevalent diseases affecting mankind. Diagnosis is based on clinical assessment using microscopy and recently by rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs). The objective of this study was to ascertain the efficacy of RDT to microscopy in the identification of malaria parasite among adults attending a hospital in Owerri, Imo State. A cross-sectional study was carried out using 110 consenting outpatients of a hospital in Imo state, Nigeria. Results of the study sho...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106528


Jun 23, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Knowledge and Attitude towards Cervical Cancer: A Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Imo State, Nigeria

Ugonma Winnie Dozie, Chiamaka Lilian Nwadi, Chika Polycarp Umunakwe, Nneka Eleano Asuzu, Iheoma Rosemary Obikonu, Ikechukwu Nosike Simplicius Dozie
The study investigated the knowledge and attitude towards cervical cancer in Imo State, Nigeria. A sample of 230 female undergraduate students selected from Imo State University participated in the study. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and were analyzed using percentage, mean and Chi-Square. The result showed that the majority (81.7%) of the respondents were in their sexually active ages, the majority (70.0%) of the respondents had a low knowledge of cervical cancer and about...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106441


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