OALib Journal
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Aug 03, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Barrier of Hypertensive Drugs among Patients in Tanzania: Case Study of Southern Highlands, Tanzania

Harun Elmada Nyagori, Bethsheba L. Sakinoi
Experience with patients shows that prescribed drugs for treating hypertension disease fail to work effectively, causing high mortality rates in African Ethnic types. This situation has resulted in the query as to why the situation exists. The study was conducted to investigate factors affecting the failure of hyper-tension drugs among patients suffering from the disease. Particularly, the study aimed at examining cultural, individual and financial factors affecting drug failure among Tanzania p...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108987


Jul 25, 2022Open    AccessArticle

The Correlation between Lymphopenia and CT Findings in Suspected COVID-19 Cases: A Prospective Study

Khaled Leon, Bassem Zarif, Nadia Youssef Riad, Eman Ahmed Ibrahim Ismail, Ahmed Badr, Ahmed Elgebaly
Objectives: The predictive utility of lymphopenia in suspected COVID-19 cases is still poorly characterized. The primary objective of the present study was to correlate the presence of lymphopenia with CT chest at the initial triage diagnosis of COVID-19 in a sample of Egyptian patients. Methods: We conducted a single-center, observational, prospective study that recruited patients who presented with a cardiac complaint or routine cardiac follow-up and were suspected of COVID-19. Lymphopenia was...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109002


May 09, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Conventional Median Sternotomy Compared to the Percutaneous Transcatheter Device Closure for Secundum Atrial Septal Defect

Romeo Martial Tchomte, Elise Wangni, Yi Wang, Eric Christian Tchubessi, Nelly Larissa Djatche Kouakam
Introduction: During the last decades, the percutaneous transcatheter device (PTD) closure for secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) has acquired significant popularity over the conventional median sternotomy (CMS). CMS is the classic approach for ASD closure. The major objective of this study was to determine whether ASD procedure or CMS surgical closure offers a better value proposition for ASD closure. Method: A total of 187 patients have been admitted for closure of the secundum ASD either by ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108713


Feb 28, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Mechanical Heart Valves and Pregnancy to Patients Admitted at Jakaya Kikwete Cardiac Institute, Dar es Salaam-Tanzania

Harun Elmada Nyagori
Pregnancy presents a unique set of problems for women with prosthetic heart valves. Patients with mechanical prosthetic valves require therapeutic long-term anticoagulation. In contrast, patients with bio prosthetic valves generally do not require long-term anticoagulation but face a higher long term risk of developing valve dysfunction. Less than 1% of pregnant women have prosthetic heart valves. They are an important group as they require specialist care during pregnancy. A retrospective hospi...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108415


Dec 14, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Heart Disease Management of Health Structures in Senegal

Taha El Jirari, Sidy Lamine SY, Simon Joel Manga, Modou Seye, El Hadj Mbacké Sarr, Ibrahima Bara Diop
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 broke out on December 31, 2019 in China. The virus is responsible for a pandemic from March 11, 2020 which has led to a reorganization of Cardiology structures in several countries around the world, including Senegal. Our study represents the first one in Senegal to assess the impact of this pandemic on Cardiology. This was a transversal survey-study conducted online over the period from August 29 to September 20, 2020 that collected qualitative da...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108176


Nov 03, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Peri-Partum Cardiomyopathy: Epidemiological, Clinical Aspects and Risk Factors in Semi-Urban Areas in Senegal

Simon Joel Manga, Diop Mohamed, S. L. Sy, Q. Te Indafa
Introduction: Peri-partum cardiomyopathy is a rare cause of heart failure. The objective of this work was to describe the epidemiological, clinical aspects and risk factors associated with peri-partum cardiomyopathy in Ziguinchor. Methodology: This was a retrospective study from January 01, 2015 to April 30, 2020 at the Ziguinchor Peace Hospital. We included all patients hospitalized for heart failure between the 8th month of pregnancy and the first 5 months postpartum. Results: We had recorded ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108050


Aug 25, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Variations in the Human Pulmonary Fissures and Lobes: A Cadaveric Study

Victor Mutua, Isaac Cheruiyot, Brian Bundi, Newnex Mong'are, Vincent Kipkorir, Elma Othieno
The objective of this study was to describe the variations in human pulmonary fissuration in a cadaveric Kenyan population. Data were collected from 48 formalin-fixed cadavers in the department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi, Kenya; with 38 right and 32 left lungs meeting the study’s inclusion criteria. The fissures were studied irrespective of the cadaver’s sex and were classified anatomically as proposed by Craig and Walker (1997). Out of the 38 right lungs examined, the horizontal fi...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107787


May 26, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Study of Cardiovascular Changes in Adolescents with Simple Obesity

Heba H. Mohamed, Somaya M. Abd El-Ghany, Sahar A. Khairy, Eman A. Ahmed, Ahmed M. Al Emam
Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality that has deleterious effects on cardiovascular function. The aim of this work was to screen early cardiovascular abnormalities in obese asymptomatic adolescents using Conventional Echocardiography and Electrocardiogram. Fifty asymptomatic obese adolescents selected from National Heart Institute were compared to fifty non-obese normal controls with mean age of (12.44 ± 1.91) and (11.99 ± 1.89) years respectively. All studied adol...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107365


Apr 26, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Hypertension among Adults living in the City of Bandundu, Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Ferdinand Mukoso Ngakieb, Aliocha Nkodila Natuhoyila, Francois Lepira Bompeka, Pascal Bayauli, Yves Lubenga, Benjamin Kingama Munsi, Joseph Shambo Bakali, Tresor Ndongala Nsusu, Zéphirin Kamuanga, Oscar Nsu’kier Kolenziame, Philippe Lukanu Ngwala, Jean René M’Buyamba Kabangu, Benjamin Longo Mbenza
Background and Aim: In limited resource settings, reliable epidemiological data generated from hypertension high risk geographical areas or people is a prerequisite for the planning of proven and effective interventions. The aim of the present survey was to assess the prevalence, awareness, control and factors associated with hypertension in adults living in the port City of Bandundu, located in the southwestern part of DRC. Methods: a cross-sectional survey using a modified WHO STEPwise questio...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107303


Dec 31, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Study on the Incidence of Stroke-Related Sarcopenia in Hospitalized Male Patients

Guang Liu, Chongwen Zheng, Donghao Zhou
Objective To observe and analyze the incidence of sarcopenia in male patients with stroke-related sarcopenia. Methods From June 2018 to June 2019, the muscle mass of 45 patients who had recovered from stroke, who underwent DXA testing at Linyi People’s Hospital during the period from June 2018 to June 2019. During the same period, 50 healthy subjects served as the control group to explore the muscles of stroke patients. Results The incidence of stroke-related sarcopenia was higher. The SMI, grip...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107009


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