OALib Journal
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Apr 30, 2021Open    AccessArticle

SIR Model and HIV/AIDS in Khartoum

Sheima M. E. Abueldahab, Franck Kalala Mutombo
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic in Khartoum constitutes the most serious health problem in the region and one that we do not fully understand. Recent approaches aiming to understand the situation have attempted to model the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic using deterministic compartmental models. Our work has reviewed the formal mathematical work on deterministic models of this nature and considers the relevance of the modelling approach to the HIV in Khartoum. This m...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107334

HIV 

Apr 25, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Neurocognitive Disorders and HIV/AIDS: A Review of the Literature

Robert Mahamud Mussa, Gilbert Lelo Mananga, Désiré Katumbay Tshala, King Lovonga Toko, Nkodila Aliocha
Background and aim: Since the discovery of ARVs, HIV/AIDS has become a chronic disease with the corollary of the aging of person living with HIV (PLHIV). This paradoxical aging is unfortunately accompanied by neurocognitive disorders (NCDs), which can be detected by the clinic and neuropsychological tests. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of NCDs before and after the era of antiretrovirals (ARVs). Methods: A retrospective study compared the prevalences of NCDs before and after t...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107308


Oct 23, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Comparison of Rapid Diagnosis Test and Nested PCR for HIV Diagnosis in Kinshasa

Berry Ikolango Bongenya, Ben Ilunga Bulanda, Erick Ntambwe Kamangu
Background: The need for appropriate methods for the diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of HIV infection is increasing in resource-poor settings. Objective: The main objective of this study was to compare the quality of the results of HIV diagnosis by Classical Nested PCR and Rapid Screening Tests (RDTs) in order to contribute to the improvement of the care of People Living with HIV (PLHIV). Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional study that was conducted in Kinshasa. Only people willin...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106325

HIV 

Oct 20, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Factors Associated with Risky Sexual Behavior among Jigjiga University Students in Jigjiga Ethiopia, 2018

Meka Kedir Jibril, Meron Kibru
Background: Adolescents and youths are known to be an adventurous group, and often engage in risky behaviors such as smoking, drinking alcohol, using drugs, and early unprotected sexual activity. University students are viewed as being at higher risks to acquire STI or HIV infection and they are categorized under the most at risk population segments due to their inclination to be engaged in risky sexual behavior. Methods: Institutional based descriptive cross-sectional study design was conducted...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106768


Oct 31, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Provider-Initiated Counselling and Testing Approach: 90-90-90 Goal Achievement. Kenya Referral General Hospital Assessment

Ilunga Tshikele Anderson, Banza Mwanabute, Malulu Kabwe Djaile, Kayembe Mashika Anselme, Kampetenga Tshitenga Serges, Umba Mbuzi Ambroise, Matungulu Matungulu Charles, Mwarabu Much’apa Bienfait, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Kabyla Ilunga Benjamin
Introduction: Despite the prevention efforts of past decades, the prevalence of HIV infection continues to grow. An estimated 46 million people were living with HIV/AIDS worldwide by the end of 2005. The HIV pandemic has become a major public health and development problem around the world. Our goal is to contribute to the knowledge of serology status and early care. Methodology: We conducted a cross-sectional study on the PITC ap
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Open Access Library J. Vol.6, 2019
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105852

HIV 

Jul 29, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of Early Warning Indicators (EWI) of HIV Drug Resistance According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in Some Treatment Centers in Kinshasa

Médard Omakoy Okonda, BenIlunga Bulanda, Jean-Yves Debels Kabasele, Divine Chuga, Berry Ikolango Bonganya, Erick Ntambwe Kamangu
Background: The Early Warning Indicators (EWI) of Human Immunodefi-ciency Virus (HIV) Drug Resistance measure factors found at the site level and known to be associated with the proper functioning of the program and the prevention of the emergence of R-ARV. The fact strengthening certain aspects of implementation of the program at the sites can help minimize the occurring of HIV Drug Resistance that can be prevented to improve the
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.6, 2019
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105500


Jul 29, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Clinical and Paraclinical Profile of People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus on Second Line Treatment in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Erick Ntambwe Kamangu, Bibi Bungu Bwiri, Georges Lelo Mvumbi
Context: For the year 2018, the Provincial Division of the National Program for the Fight against HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases published for the city of Kinshasa a total of 58,327 People Living with HIV (PLHIV) on Antiretroviral Treatment (ART) of which 5,789 (9.9%) were on second-line ART. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the clinical and paraclinical profile of people living with HIV on secon
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.6, 2019
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105499

HIV 

Apr 28, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Prognostic of the New Nests of Seropositive Mothers Beneficiaries of the Prevention of Mother-Child Transmission in the City of Mbuji-Mayi/Drc

Jean Christophe Bukasa Tshilonda, Ivon Kasonga, Isaac Kalenda Ilunga, Moise Kanyiki Katala, Justin Tshibangu Kandala, Valentin Kabambi Bukasa, Ennock Mbuyi Kabeya, Nana Dikoma Misenga, Thérèse Kapenga Mitanta, Bertin Mpaka Mpaka, Mediatrice Kasheta Mabondo, Olivier Ejiba Nyongonyi, Paulin Kabamba Lupueka, Alain Ngoyi Kibambe, Alexis Ntambwe Mayombo, Emmanuel Mubala Mpetemba, Michel Kabamba Nzaji
Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the success of Moth-er-to-Child Transmission Prevention (PMTCT) is reducing the morbidity and mortality of newborns related to HIV/AIDS. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive correlational study whose data collection is done in a transversal way from 01 to 30 June 2017 among HIV-positive women screened and we antiretroviral treatment in the health area targeted by this s
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.6, 2019
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105267


May 22, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Estimation of Clinical, Immunological and Virological Failure of First Line Antiretroviral Treatment in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Erick Ntambwe Kamangu
Background: The prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection was 1.2% in the Democratic Republic of Congo, according to the Demographic Health Study report in 2014. In 2012, the severe failure rate to first-line ART in Kinshasa was estimated at more than 16%. Objective: The objective of this study is to determine the rate of clinical, immunological and virological failure in first-line treatment
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.5, 2018
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1104560

HIV 

May 21, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Sociodemographic and Anthropometric Profile of Positive HIV Patients in Early Traditional Treatment: Case of the Bonkoko Center

Ben Ilunga Bulanda, Elvis Tshunza Kateba, Berry Ikolango Bongenia, Victor Nyiama Kasongo, Micheline Abiba Kingombe, Erick Ntambwe Kamangu
Context: In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the Antiretroviral (ART) drug coverage is still very low throughout the country. Hence, a large number of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) use traditional treatment made from plants to fight the HIV infection and the opportunistic infection associated to it. Objective: The objective of this work was to evaluate the clinical parameters; para clinical and socio-demographic studies at
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.5, 2018
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1104555

HIV 

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