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May 23, 2024Open    Access

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices towards COVID-19 Vaccination: Comparison Study between Makerere University Medical Students and Katanga Slum Residents, in Uganda

Sanjanaa Srikant,Darshit Ashok Dave,Sserubogo Samuel Gordon,Kyabaggu Christopher,Okello Solomon Roy Jasper,Nabunje Joletta Eleanor,Namatovu Lindah Joyce,Namuli Angella,Serufusa Phillip Zack,Misba Noori,Munabi Ian,Sarah Kiguli
Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic posed unprecedented challenges on global health systems. COVID-19 vaccines emerged crucial in curbing its spread. Existing studies on KAP among medical students and slum community residents revealed mixed findings, with knowledge gaps, misconceptions, and barriers to vaccine acceptance. Understanding KAP of vaccine uptake is essential for effective public health strategies. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess know...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.11, 2024
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1111455


May 07, 2024Open    Access

Attitudes, and perceptions of COVID-19 vaccines and Acceptance to receive COVID-19 vaccine among healthcare workers in Yaounde, Cameroon

Tendongmo Kinsley Aka,Sylvester Ndeso Atanga,Seraphine Nkie Esemu,Lucy Mande Ayamba Ndip
Great efforts were being made to stop the spread and impact of the coronavirus pandemic through vaccines. Cameroon began vaccinating healthcare workers (HCWs) against COVID-19 vaccines on March, 2021. However, willingness to be vaccinated highly depends on factors other than vaccine availability. This study sought to measure the acceptance rate and related factors for COVID-19 vaccination among HCWs in Yaoundé, Cameroon. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 510 HCWs in Yaounde, Cameroon. ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.11, 2024
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1111483


Mar 14, 2024Open    Access

Anxiety, Depression, and Associated Factors among Teachers during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Multi-Centre Cross-Sectional Study in Zambia

Steward Mudenda,Maisa Kasanga,Scott Kaba Matafwali,Roland Nnaemeka Okoro,Ruth Lindizyani Mfune,Tina Haanyanga,Matildah Nyoni,Annie Mumba,Godfrey Mayoka,Victor Daka,Christabel Nang'andu Hikaambo,Webrod Mufwambi,Shafiq Mo-hamed,Billy Chabalenge
Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic inflicted unprecedented work-related strain, negatively impacting the mental health of many, including teachers. This study assessed the impact of COVID-19 on the mental health of secondary school teachers in Lusaka, Zambia. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 388 teachers in selected secondary schools in Lusaka district, Zambia, from July 2022 to September 2022. Data ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.11, 2024
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1111294


Jan 30, 2024Open    Access

Neighbourhood-Level Differences in Mortality Attributable to Behavioural Risk Factors in the City of Milan, Italy

David Consolazio, David Benassi, Antonio Giampiero Russo
This paper investigates the impact of behavioural risk factors on non-communicable diseases mortality in Milan, focusing on their neighbourhood variation, with the scope to provide context-specific information to guide the development of effective health promotion interventions. Using administrative healthcare data, population attributable fractions were calculated based on information provided by the Global Burden of Disease project to estimate the number and proportion of deaths attributed to ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.11, 2024
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1111083


Nov 28, 2023Open    Access

Assessment of Schistosomiasis Risk Zone in Abuja Using Geospatial Technique

Damashi Mantim Tali, Babamaaji Rakiya Abdullahi, Nenrot Binshak, Daniel Nanbol Helen, Fom Johnson Lawrence, Danjuma Timloh Haruna, Abdullahi Hassan Saeedu
Alterations in the physical parameters of the environment are mostly responsible for the rapid proliferation of disease vectors and micro-organisms and the abundance of such diseases as schistosomiasis. Environmental factors such as distance to water body, rainfall, temperature, DEM, slope, land use land cover and NDVI were used geospatially (Multicriteria analysis) to model schistosomiasis risk zones in Abuja. The results signify that 40% of the total area covered in Abuja falls within high and...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1110532


Nov 10, 2023Open    Access

Medical Waste Management in Lebanese Hospitals

Nour Sawli, Pascale Salameh
Problem: In Lebanon, health authorities have not set regulations to guide the process of medical waste management in hospitals. Objective: To assess the situation of medical waste management in Lebanese hospitals and determine the factors that affect its application. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was carried involving random private and public hospitals. Thirty hospitals were recruited, and they were surveyed using a validated questionnaire to collect responses from hospitals. ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1110526


Sep 27, 2023Open    Access

Retrospective Study of an Epidemic Vibrio cholerae in the Central Region of Ghana: An Evidence from Surveillance Data

Gideon Kwarteng Acheampong, Isaac Owusu, Fidelis Zumah, Ernest Akyereko, Rebecca Ann Mpangah
Background: In October 2016, a cholera outbreak occurred in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Central Region, Ghana, spreading rapidly in peri-urban communities. The Researchers conducted a descriptive analysis of surveillance data to examine the epidemiological characteristics of this outbreak. Methods: The retrospective analysis covered cholera cases from October to December 2016, focusing on onset date, age, sex, rapid diagnostic test (RDT) results, and residence. Pearson’s chi-square/Fisher’s exact...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1110603


Sep 01, 2023Open    Access

Situational Factors: The Ever Present Bottlenecks in Efforts to Improve Personal Treatment Seeking-Behavior Regarding Malaria in Uganda

Frank B. Ahimbisibwe, Leon Matagi, Ornan Amadou Mwijukye, Privah Atuhaire, Laureen Carson Alinda, Mohamed Senkumba
This study assesses the contribution of situational factors to an individuals’ disposition towards seeking treatment when they have or suspect themselves to have malaria. The purpose of this study was to get evidence-based knowledge on the role of situational factors in order to inform areas of interventions that could increase individual’s active involvement in their health-care mainly in seeking timely treatment for malaria or suspected malaria. This is a cross-sectional, correlational design ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1110567


May 30, 2023Open    Access

Clinical and Parasitological Profile of Children Aged 6 - 59 Months with Uncomplicated Malaria in Bolenge, Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Tarcisse K. Kilara, Alain K. K. Ilunga, Gisele K. Kabengele, Cagod B. Inkale, Nene Mbanzulu, Isaac T. Woto, Christian Tshilenge, Berry I. Bongenya, Mireille Ngale, Aline B. Engo, Destin M. Mbongi, Papy Mandoko, Gauthier K. Mesia, Erick N. Kamangu
Background: Malaria is an erythropathy caused by different species of parasites of the genus Plasmodium. It is the most common parasitic disease in the world. Objective: The objective was to assess the profile of children aged 6 - 59 months with uncomplicated malaria in Bolenge, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Methods: The present study is a descriptive cross-sectional study that was carried out in children less than 59 months old with uncomplicated malaria in Bolenge, Equateur province,...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1110101


Apr 24, 2023Open    Access

Comparison of Quality of Life, Depression and Anxiety According to the Type of Treatment in Type 2 Diabetes

Soumaya Benmaamar, Houda Salhi, Ibtissam El Harch, Nada Lazar, Bineta Jho Diagne, Moncef Maiouak, Mohamed Berraho, Nabil Tachfouti, Hanan El Ouahabi, Samira El Fakir
The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life (QoL) and the prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus according to the type of treatment: insulin, oral therapy or both therapies. A cross-sectional study that included adults with diabetes mellitus type 2 was conducted at Hassan II University Hospital in Fez, Morocco. Patients are divided into 3 groups: the anti-diabetic agents’ group, the insulin therapy group and the combined therapy group. The Hos...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1110062


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