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Jul 06, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Fear from Childbirth among Pregnant Women

Elsayda Hamdy Nasr, Nada Alshehri, Mariam Awad Almutairi, Fathia Mahmoud AbdElmenim
Background: Pregnancy and childbirth are a long time journey associated with physiological and psychological changes that may cause positive or negative impact on the woman’s life, the baby, and her family. Fear of childbirth is one of the most factors that affect directly or indirectly on labor Process. Aim: Aim of the study was to; measure the level of fear from childbirth among pregnant women in Port Said city. Subjects and Methods: A descriptive study design was used to conduct the study at ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106427


Jul 06, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Comparison with Crystallization of Calcium and Strontium Carbonates under DPPC Langmuir Monolayers

Zhonghui Xue
In this paper, using Langmuir monolayers of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) as template, we have investigated the controlled crystallization of calcium and strontium carbonates to understand the biomineralization process at the inorganic-organic interface better. Although the calcite with a well-oriented (104) crystal plane has been obtained, as for the strontium carbonates, DPPC monolayers have resulted in the formation of the flower-like assemblies of strontianite needles; however, the o...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106216


Jun 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

COVID-19: Transmission, Laboratory Diagnosis and Treatment Options

Ebidor Ufoumanefe Lawani-Luwaji, Augustine Oziegbe Akhogba
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV2) the virus responsible for the outbreak of the 2020 pandemic at the Wuhan city in China belongs to the coronavirus family. While the disease rages, scientists are striving to discover drugs and vaccines to combat the virus. Person to person transmission has been the major source of transmission in respiratory droplets from an infected or an asymptomatic infected person to another and indirectly by virus contamination of objects. There ha...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106496


Jun 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Willingness and Obstacles of Food and Farming Education in Leisure Farm Management: Viewpoint of Experience Activities

Wan-Chi Yang, Chun-Nan Lin, Pi-Hsia Hu
In recent years, issues related to food and farming education have been gradually paid attention to. From the perspective of leisure farm operators, this study analyzes the willingness and obstacles of leisure farms to promote food and farming education and provides new options for the agricultural government to implement food and farming education. The results show that operators’ willingness to operate food and farming education includes factors. Such as farmland size, years of establishment, ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106485


Jun 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Hybrid Whale Optimization Algorithm with Modified Conjugate Gradient Method to Solve Global Optimization Problems

Layth Riyadh Khaleel, Ban Ahmed Mitras
Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA) is a meta-heuristic algorithm. It is a new algorithm, it simulates the behavior of Humpback Whales in their search for food and migration. In this paper, a modified conjugate gradient algorithm is proposed by deriving new conjugate coefficient. The sufficient descent and the global convergence properties for the proposed algorithm proved. Novel hybrid algorithm of the Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA) proposed with modified conjugate gradient Algorithm develop...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106459


Jun 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Traditional Healers on Epilepsy in Lubumbashi

Criss Koba Mjumbe, Bakari Amuri, Laura Temfack Zeufack, Rosalie Mugoli Kalimira, Michel Muteba Kolela, Béatrice Koba Bora
Introduction: Epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by an abnormality in the electrical activity of the brain: In Lubumbashi, it was reported in a hospital study that 16.8% of patients living with epilepsy consult a traditional practitioner as soon as first epileptic manifestations. The objective of this study was to report the knowledge, attitude and practice of traditional healers in the face of epilepsy in the City of Lubumbashi. Method: From August 13 to October 15, 2019, a desc...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106446


Jun 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

A Suggestion Algorithm Instituted on Invasive Weed Optimization Algorithm and Bat Optimization Algorithm

Wisam Abdulelah Qasim, Ban Ahmed Mitras
In this paper, two algorithms first, considered to be one of hybrid algorithms. And it is algorithm represents an Invasive Weed Optimization (IWO). This algorithm is a random numerical algorithm and the second algorithm repre- senting the Bat Optimization Algorithm (BA). This algorithm is one of the swarm intelligence algorithms in smart optimization. The Invasive Weed Optimization Algorithm is inspired by nature, as the weeds have colonial behavior and were introduced in 2006 by Mehrabian and L...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106438


Jun 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

The Study of Drug Use, Spirituality, Intimacy and Age as Determinants of Antisocial Behaviour among Youths

Agbo Christopher Okwudili, Okoli Paul Chibuike, Ofojebe Chukwuma Philip, Chime Peter Ekpunobi, Akpoke Victor Okorieh, Ogundu Amara Grace, Ezeme Mark Sunday
This study investigated drug use, spirituality, intimacy and age as determinants of antisocial behaviour among youths. Participants were four hundred and sixty eight (468) youths comprising (328) males and (140) females. Their ages ranged between (9 - 25) years, with a mean age of 17 and standard deviation of 8.04. Cross sectional design was adopted. Four instruments were used for data collection: Antisocial Behaviour Scale, Simple Screening Instrument for Substance Abuse and Daily Spiritual Exp...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106431


Jun 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

The Alfven Wave Zoo

A. S. de Assis, C. E. da Silva, V. J. O. Werneck de Carvalho
It has been shown that a variety of names are assigned to the original MHD Alfven wave derived originally by Hannes Alfven in the 40s (Nature 150, 405-406 (1942)), and those names are used due to the different magnetic geometries where the target plasma could be confined, that is, in laboratory, in fusion, in space, and in astrophysics, where one could use as working geometry systems such as cartesian, cylindrical, toroidal, dipolar, and even more complex ones. We also show that different names ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106378


Jun 29, 2020Open    AccessArticle

A Study of Cultural-Loaded Words Translation in External Publicity Translation from Translator’s Visibility

Wenjing Li, Hui Jia
Report on the Work of the Government (hereinafter “the work report” for short) is an important annual government document in China, which mainly includes the work summary of the previous year and the work prospect of the next year. This paper, with the help of Venuti’s foreignization translation strategy, analyzes how cultural-loaded words are translated in the work report 2019 and tries to explore how translated Chinese culture can be accurately understood and accepted by Western audiences, and...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106495


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