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Pattern of Risk Factors of Cardioembolic Stroke in Dhamar Governorate Yemen

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1110865, PP. 1-8

Subject Areas: Cardiology

Keywords: Stroke, Cardio-Embolism, Acute Cerebral Ischemia, Smoking, Shamma

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Abstract

Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and disability in Yemen and around the world. Cardio-embolism is responsible for nearly 30% of the origins of ischemic stroke. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence cardio-embolic subtype. Material and Methods: The current study was done on 77 hospitalized patients who admitted as case of cardio-embolic ischemic stroke in Thamar governorate, Yemen. Cross-sectional study been conducted in Al_Wahada Teaching 2021 and available cases in internal /hospital and Dhamar hospital in academic year 2021medicine department in A Lwahada hospital, Dhamar hospital and Arryadah Hospital during period of study. Results: Of the 77 patients, 44 (57.10%) were male patients, and 33 (43.90%) were female, hypertension were the most common cause of cardio-embolism corresponding to (54.50%) followed by acute coronary syndrome (11.7%) and cardiomyopathy (7.8%), arrhythmia (3.9%) and infective endocarditis (1.3%) were the most common risk factors. Conclusion: The risk of stroke increases with age. In this study, Hypertension, Smoking, Shamma, were the main causes of cardio-embolism.

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Mujlli, H. , Huthi, M. A. A. , Jaid, D. , Haj, E. H. A. , Ahmed, E. K. and Al-Barakani, H. (2023). Pattern of Risk Factors of Cardioembolic Stroke in Dhamar Governorate Yemen. Open Access Library Journal, 10, e865. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1110865.

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