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Comparison of Quality of Life, Depression and Anxiety According to the Type of Treatment in Type 2 Diabetes

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1110062, PP. 1-9

Subject Areas: Epidemiology, Diabetes & Endocrinology

Keywords: Diabetes Type 2, Type of Treatment, Insulin, Depression, Anxiety, Quality of Life

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life (QoL) and the prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus according to the type of treatment: insulin, oral therapy or both therapies. A cross-sectional study that included adults with diabetes mellitus type 2 was conducted at Hassan II University Hospital in Fez, Morocco. Patients are divided into 3 groups: the anti-diabetic agents’ group, the insulin therapy group and the combined therapy group. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to measure depression and anxiety. A 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-12) was employed to assess QoL. All statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS Version 26. A total of 176 diabetics with type 2 were included in the study: (61.9%) in the hypoglycemic drug group; (14.2%) in the insulin group and (23.9%) in both therapy groups. The mean age of the patients was 54.36 ± 10.18 years with a female predominance (60.8%). Our study showed a significant association between the scores of QoL (p < 0.05), the prevalence of depression (p = 0.03) and the type of therapy. A high prevalence of depression and poor QoL have been observed in patients on insulin therapy. Patients on insulin therapy have a high prevalence of depression and a more significant impairment of QoL. In fact, their evaluation must be integrated into the management of type 2 diabetics on insulin.

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Benmaamar, S. , Salhi, H. , Harch, I. E. , Lazar, N. , Diagne, B. J. , Maiouak, M. , Berraho, M. , Tachfouti, N. , Ouahabi, H. E. and Fakir, S. E. (2023). Comparison of Quality of Life, Depression and Anxiety According to the Type of Treatment in Type 2 Diabetes. Open Access Library Journal, 10, e062. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1110062.

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