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Characteristics of Adult Intensive Care Unit Patients at a University Hospital

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1109891, PP. 1-15

Subject Areas: Nursing, Nutrition

Keywords: Intensive Care Unit (ICU), ICU Patients, Characteristics, Outcome

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Abstract

Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is an advanced service available in hospitals for potentially recoverable patients who have acute life-threatening single or multiple organ system failure due to disease or injury. The aim of this study is to explore the characteristics of adult ICU patients at a university Hospital in Bangladesh. A descriptive study design was carried out to conduct this study. Data were collected from 112 conveniently selected ICU patients, by observing their medical documents and interviewing patients’ attendants. The findings of this study showed that the mean age of the recruited ICU patients was 55.82 ± 19.185 years. Most of the participants were male 63.4%, Muslims 89.3%, and married 84.8%. The most common co-morbidities were DM 49.1%, HTN 47.3% and CKD 33.0%. Among the ICU patient, 50.9% was unconscious and 60.7% of patients were in mechanical ventilation. The health related characteristics such as systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, serum electrolytes, arterial blood gas analysis, etc were at the normal limit and the most common ICU related complication was septicemia 15.2%, and aspiration pneumonia 18.8%. The average length of stay in ICU was 7.73 ± 8.782 days. The outcome characteristics of ICU patients were death at 49.1% and live was 50.9%. ICU is an important component of tertiary care hospital that admits patients with severe and life-threatening conditions. This study findings show that the elderly population with DM, HTN and CKD are frequently admitted in the ICU and have been suffering from multiple ICU related complications and challenges.

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Siddika, N. , Anowar, M. N. , Islam, M. S. and Mallick, D. R. (2023). Characteristics of Adult Intensive Care Unit Patients at a University Hospital. Open Access Library Journal, 10, e9891. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1109891.

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