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The Effect of a Therapeutic Education Program on the Feeling of Self-Efficacy, Self-Care Behaviors and Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: Literature Review

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1109448, PP. 1-12

Subject Areas: Nursing

Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes, Self-Efficacy, Self-Care Behavior, Therapeutic Education, HbA1c

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Diabetes is one of the most common non-communicable diseases in the world. It represents a real public health problem due to its increasing frequency, morbidity, mortality and economic cost. Indeed, diabetes requires significant and complex behavioral changes in the lives of patients. To manage this disease, diabetic patients must perform technical acts themselves, make therapeutic decisions and must have the knowledge required to participate in the decision-making process necessary for self-care. Objective: The aim of this literature review is to understand the effect of a therapeutic education program on the feeling of self-efficacy, self-care behaviors and glycemic value in type 2 diabetic patients. Method: The search for scientific articles for this literature review was done via the CINAHL, MedLine (EBSCO), Science Direct (Elsevier), SAGE journal online and Cochrane Library (Endocrine & Metabolic-Diabetes) databases. The terms used to search for scientific articles are: diabetes mellitus type 2 non insulin dependent adherence-selfmanagement or self-care behavior or education program-self-efficacy intervention-intervention study or clinical trials as well as meta analysis and systematic nursing review. Results: During the search for articles for this literature review, 603 potential articles were identified. Of these articles, 220 were selected for a more detailed evaluation by the student-researcher. Finally, considering the criteria mentioned above, six literature reviews, one mata-analysis and three experimental studies were selected for this review. Conclusion: In this systematic review, relevant data regarding the effects of an education program were provided and mutual strategies in education to improve self-efficacy, self-care behaviors and achieve optimal blood sugar levels.

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Abbassi, A. , Rejeb, R. B. and Chihaoui, M. (2022). The Effect of a Therapeutic Education Program on the Feeling of Self-Efficacy, Self-Care Behaviors and Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: Literature Review. Open Access Library Journal, 9, e9448. doi:


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