All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Productive Potential of Precious Wood Species in the State of Chiapas, Mexico

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1107299, PP. 1-10

Subject Areas: Agricultural Engineering

Keywords: Commercial Plantations, Zonification, Red Cedar, Mahogany

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

In order to promote forest plantations in Mexico, the federal government has implemented, since 1977, programs such as the Commercial Forest Plantations Development Program (PRODEPLAN) and in 2000 launched the Strategic Forest Program for Mexico 2025. In spite of these initiatives, nowadays there are new programs (The Sembrando Vida Program) recording a critical deforestation rate of 115 thousand hectares per year and a population decrease of forest species which are endemics for Mexico and Central America. The main focus of the Sembrando Vida Program is the rescue of four timber species, although red cedar (Cedrela odorata L) and mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King) are the two main ones. Both species are being produced under nurseries conditions, for future commercial plantations, in the state of Chiapas Mexico but there is a lack of information about the best agroecological conditions to be planted. The objective of this work was to determine the productive potential areas for cedar and mahogany under rainfed conditions in the state of Chiapas. The Arc/View version 3.3 software, which is a Geographic Information System developed by the American company ESRI was used to process and analyze the information. The results indicate that under rainfed conditions there are 81,116 hectares of high potential for cedar and 91,939 for mahogany, and 428,465 hectares of medium potential for cedar and 629,000 for mahogany.

Cite this paper

Ramírez-Jaramillo, G. , Lozano-Contreras, M. G. and Ramírez-Silva, J. H. (2021). Productive Potential of Precious Wood Species in the State of Chiapas, Mexico. Open Access Library Journal, 8, e7299. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1107299.

References

[1]  Patiño, V. (1997) Genetic Resources of Swietenia and Cedrela in the Neotropics: A Proposal for Coordinated Actions. FAO, Rome, 58 p. http://www.fao.org/3/ad111s/AD111S00.htm
[2]  André, T., Lemes, M.R., Grogan, J. and Gribel, R. (2008) Post-Logging Loss of Genetic Diversity in a Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King, Meliaceae) Population in Brazilian Amazonia. Forest Ecology and Management, 255, 340-345. https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/29953 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.09.055
[3]  Bauer, G.P. and Francis, J.K. (1998) Swietenia macrophylla King, Caboa Hondureña. Meliaceae. Mahogany Family. 492-498. https://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/30214/
[4]  Arnáez, E. and Flores, E. (1988) Characteristics of the Wood of Cedrela odorata L. (Bitter Cedar, Meliaceae) in Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Biology, 36, 67-73. https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/23635
[5]  Morales-Ortíz, E. and Herrera-Tuz, L. (2009) Cedar (Cedrela odorata L.) Protocol for its Collection, Post-Harvest Process and Storage. National Forestry Commission, Mérida.
[6]  Cintron, B.B. (1990) Cedrela odorata L. Cedro, Spanish Cedar. In: Burns, B.R. and Honkala, B.H., Eds., Silvics of North America: 2. Hardwoods. Agriculture Handbook 654, Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington DC, 128-134.
[7]  Ruiz-Jiménez, C.A., De los Santos-Posadas, H.M., Parraguirre-Lezama, J.F. and Saavedra-Millán, F.D. (2018) Evaluation of the Categoring Extinction Risk of Red Cedar (Cedrela odorata) in Mexico. Mexican Journal of Biodiversity, 89, 938-949. https://doi.org/10.22201/ib.20078706e.2018.3.2192
[8]  CONAFOR. National Forestry Commission (2012) Commercial Forest Plantation Development Program, 15 Years after Its Creation/Aurelio M. Fierros González, Compiler and Technical Editor. First Edition. Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico. 196 p.
[9]  Ramírez-Jaramillo, G., Lozano-Contreras, M.G. and Díaz-Maldonado, E. (2017) Potential Areas for Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla, King.) Establishment in the State of Yucatán. Journal of the Graduate and Research Center, Technological Institute of Merida. 32, 107-113. http://www.revistadelcentrodegraduados.com/p/blog-page_24.html
[10]  Espinosa-Paz, N., López-Luna, A., Espinosa-Paz, H. Cadena-Iñiguez, P. and Vidal-López, C. (2015) Agroecological Potential Areas for Castor (Ricinus communis L.) Cultivation in the State of Chiapas. Technical Brochure N° 22. National Institute of Forestry, Agricultural and Livestock Research. South Pacific Regional Research Center. Chiapas Center Experimental Field, Ocozocoautla de Espinosa, Chiapas, Mexico. 15 p. https://www.academia.edu/15551233/%C3%81REAS_CON_POTENCIAL_AGROECOL%C3%93GICO_PARA_EL_CULTIVO_DE_HIGUERILLA_Ricinus_communis_L_EN_EL_ESTADO_DE_CHIAPAS
[11]  National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics (INEGI) (2009) Serie I. Edaphological Thematic Charts Scale 1:50,000. Chiapas, Mexico.
[12]  Benacchio, S.S. (1982) Some Agroecological Requirements for 58 Crop Species with Production Potential in the American Tropics. FONAIAP-National Agricultural Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture, Maracay.
[13]  Doorenbos, J. and Kassam, A.H. (1979) Effects of Water on Crop Yields. FAO Study: Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 33, Rome.
[14]  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (1993) Ecocrop, Ecological Requirements of Plant Species Database. FAO, Rome.
[15]  García, E. (1988) Changes to the Köppen Climate Classification System (To Be Adapted to the Mexican Republic Conditions). Offset Larios, UNAM, Mexico City.
[16]  ESRI (1996) ArcView GIS. The Geographic Information System for Everyone.
[17]  Pennington, T.D. and Sarukhán, J. (2005) Tropical Trees of Mexico: Manual for the Identification of the Main Species. National Autonomous University of Mexico/Fund for Economic Culture, Mexico, 56-65.
[18]  Vázquez-Yanes, C., Batis-Muñoz, A.I., Alcocer-Silva, M.I., Gual-Díaz, M. and Sánchez-Dirzo, C. (1999) Trees and Shrubs Potentially Valuable for Ecological Restoration and Reforestation. Technical Report of Project J084. CONABIO/Institute of Ecology, UNAM, México, D.F. http://www.conabio.gob.mx/conocimiento/info_especies/arboles/doctos/37-melia5m.pdf
[19]  Wegier, A., Barba-Escoto, L., García-Campusano, F., Pérez Santa Cruz, J. and Flores García, A. (2013) In Vitro Method to Establish Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King) from Vegetative Explants. Technical Manual No. 10. CENID-COMEF, INIFAP, Mexico DF, 84 p. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Andres-Flores-21/publication/325578830_Metodo_para_el_establecimiento_in_vitro_de_caoba_swietenia_macrophylla_king_a_partir_de_explantes_vegetativos/links/5b16c892a6fdcc6d3e04cf84/Metodo-para-el-establecimiento-in-vitro-de-caoba-swietenia-macrophylla-king-a-partir-de-explantes-vegetativos.pdf
[20]  CONAFOR, National Forestry Commission (2020) The Mexican Forest Sector in Numbers. (2019) Forests for Social and Climate Well-Being. First Edition. Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico. 96 p.
[21]  Reyes-Reyes, J. and López-Upton, J. (2003) Growth of the Pink Cedar (Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Wight. & Arn.) at Different Altitudes in Coffee Farms of Soconusco, Chiapas. Chapingo Magazine. Forest and Environmental Sciences Series, 9, 137-142. https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/629/62913142005.pdf
[22]  Montoya, G., Soto, L., De Jong, B., Nelson, K., Farias, P., Yakactic, P., Taylor, J.H. and Tipper, R. (1995) Sustainable Forest Development: Carbon Capture in the Tzeltal and Tojolabal Zones of the State of Chiapas. National Institute of Ecology, Workbooks 4, México, D.F. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Bernardus_Jong/publication/242232842_Desarrollo_forestal_sustentable_Captura_de_carbono_en_las_zonas_tzeltal_y_tojolabal_del_estado_de_Chiapas/links/00b4953baacee8965a000000.pdf
[23]  Semarnat (Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources) (2010) Statistical Yearbook of Forest Production 2010. Semarnat, Mexico D.F.
[24]  Semarnat (Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources) (2011) Statistical Yearbook of Forest Production 2011. Semarnat, Mexico City.
[25]  Semarnat (Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources) (2012) Statistical Yearbook of Forest Production 2012. Semarnat, Mexico City.
[26]  Semarnat (Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources) (2013) Statistical Yearbook of Forest Production 2013. Semarnat, Mexico City.

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal