All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


Assessment of Soil Fertility in Terms of Essential Nutrients Contents in the Lower Benue River Basin Development Authority Project Sites, Benue State, Nigeria

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1107222, PP. 1-13

Subject Areas: Edaphology

Keywords: Assessment, Lower Benue, Plants, Soil Fertility, Nutrients

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


The focus on this research work is on soil fertility and involves the consideration of soil organic matter, soil structure, soil microbial population etc. Project sites of Lower Benue River Basin Development Authority (LBRBDA) were evaluated to ascertain the soil fertility levels in terms of their nutrient contents. Data were obtained using Classical methods of analysis. The average soil pH were in the range of (5.84 ± 0.30 - 6.32 ± 0.040), the soil organic matter content were in the range of (0.67% ± 0.01% - 3.21% ± 0.07%), moisture content (0.12% ± 0.55% - 1.15% ± 0.04%), very good soil porosity (34% ± 0.07% - 42% ± 0.07%), electrical conductivity (31 ± 0.35 mS/m - 54 ± 0.35 mS/m), CEC (2.022 ± 0.04 meq/100g - 2.286 ± 0.002 meg/100g), Base Saturation (0.246% ± 0.03% - 0.286% ± 0.004%), total Nitrogen content (3.18 ± 0.01 mg/L - 7.20 ± 0.14 mg/L), available Phosphorous (2.57 ± 0.05 mg/L - 5.01 ± 0.04 mg/L), with high content of exchangeable Calcium (19.80 ± 0.85 mg/L - 22.04 ± 0.73 mg/L), exchangeable Potassium (28.85 ± 1.45 mg/L - 29.28 ± 0.91 mg/L), as well as exchangeable Magnesium (8.62 ± 0.44 mg/L - 12 ± 0.13 mg/L). Physical parameters fall within the range of a fertile soil; the essential nutrients contents were very high which portrays the soil to be fertile and could support promising vegetable crop yield.

Cite this paper

Oklo, A. D. , Armstrong, I. A. , Idoko, O. M. , Iningev, T. S. , Emmanuel, A. A. and Oklo, R. O. (2021). Assessment of Soil Fertility in Terms of Essential Nutrients Contents in the Lower Benue River Basin Development Authority Project Sites, Benue State, Nigeria. Open Access Library Journal, 8, e7222. doi:


[1]  Jimoh, A.I., Yusuf, Y.O. and Yau, S.L. (2014) Soil Suitability Evaluations for Rain Maize Production, Northern Nigeria. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Geography, ABU Zaria.
[2]  Johnny, J. (2011) Assessing Soil Fertility: The Importance of Soil Fertility and Its Interpretation: Law Trust Senior Fellow. Rothamsted Research, Harppenden AL5 UK, 2, 11-20.
[3]  Umar, B., Idris, S., Ali, S., Abdullahi, B.U. and Aliyu, M.D. (2018) Evaluation of Indigenous Soil Fertility Assessment of the Sudan Savannah Agro-Ecological Zone of Nigeria—A Paper Review. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 11, 1-9.
[4]  Uriyo, A.P., Mongi, H.O., Chowdhury, M.S., Singh, B.R. and Semoka, J.M.R. (1979) Introductory Soil Science. Tanzania Pul. House, Daressalam, p. 232.
[5]  Abraham, E.A., Osemeahon, S.A., Mohammed, B. and Bawa, A. (2014) Assessing the Soil Fertility Status of Three Selected Rice Farms in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 3, 648-665.
[6]  De Timmerman, L., Waegeneers, N., Thiry, C., Du Laing, G., Tack, F. and Ruttens, A. (2014) Selenium Contents of Belgian Cultivated Soils and Its Uptake by Field Crops and Vegetables. Science of the Total Environment, 468-469, 77-82.
[7]  Esu, I.E. (1991) Detailed Soil Survey of NIHORT farm at Bunkure, Kano State. A Cosultancy Study Project Commissioned by the Nigerian Horticultural Research Nigeria, p. 72.
[8]  Corbeels, M., Shiferaw, A. and Haile, M. (2000) Farmer’s Knowledge of Soil Fertility and Local Management Strategies in Tigray, Ethiopia. Managing Africa’s Soils No. 10.
[9]  Soil Survey Staff (1996) Soil Survey Laboratory Method Manuals. Soil Survey Investigation Reports No. 4. Version 3.
[10]  Mathieu, C. and Pieltain, F. (2003) Chemical Analysis of Soils. Selected Methods, France, p. 387.
[11]  McLean, E.O. (1982) Soil pH and Lime Requirement. In: Keeney, Ed., Methods of Soil Analysis, Chemical and Microbiological Properties, 2nd Edition, American Society of Agronomy, Madison, 199-227.
[12]  Danica, F. (2012) Evaluation of Soil Quality Parameters Development in Terms of Sustainable Land Use.
[13]  Clain, J. (2016) Plant Nutrition and Soil Fertility, MSU Extension Soil Fertility Specialist, and Kathrin Olson-Rutz, Research Associate, 1-12.
[14]  Brar, M.S. and Dinesh, K.B. (2009) Evaluation of Soil Fertility and Partial Nutrient Balance for Improve Fertilizer Recommendations Under Intensive Agriculture in India. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management, 4, 55-60.
[15]  Akinrinde, E.A. (2006) Issues of Optimum Nutrient Sustainable Crop Productionin Tropical Developing Countries. Pakistan Journal, 5, 387-397.
[16]  Chikezie, I.A., Eswaran, H., Asawalam, D.O. and Ano, A.O. (2017) Characterization of Two Benchmark Soil of Contracting Parent Materials in Southern Nigeria. Global Journals of Pure and Applied Sciences, 16, 23-29.
[17]  Nafiu, A.K., Abiodun, M.O., Okpara, I.M. and Chude, V.O. (2012) Soil Fertility Evaluation: A Potential Tool for Predicting Fertilizer Requirement for Crops in Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7, 6204-6214.
[18]  Ekpe, I.I., Uzoho, B.U., Ahukaemere, C.M. and Okere, S. E. (2017) Assessment of Fertility Status of Irrigated Lowland Rice Growing Soils of Ebonyi South-East Nigeria. Environment and Ecology Research, 5, 476-479.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us