This study explores the current situation of leisure needs, leisure participation, and leisure barriers of family caregivers with intellectual disabilities, and then analyzes the differences between the different background characteristics of each facet and the correlation between facets. According to the difference analysis, the most important leisure needs were psychological needs, physiological needs and achievement needs. The participation frequency of leisure activities of family caregivers with intellectual disabilities was in the following order: recreational type, social type, sports type and hobby type. Family caregivers with mental retardation had the highest perception of structural retardation, followed by personal intrinsic retardation and interpersonal retardation. There were significant differences between gender and weekly leisure participation on the leisure needs of caregivers with intellectual disabilities. The relationship, age, education level, marital status, monthly family income and weekly leisure participation had significant differences on the leisure participation of caregivers with intellectual disabilities. Education level, monthly family income and weekly leisure participation had significant differences in the leisure barriers of caregivers with intellectual disabilities. The correlation analysis found that there was a low positive correlation between leisure needs and leisure participation of family caregivers with intellectual disabilities (P < 0.05). There was no significant correlation between leisure demands and leisure hindrance of family caregivers with intellectual disability (P > 0.05). There was a low negative correlation between leisure participation and leisure retardation in family caregivers with mental retardation (P < 0.05).
Cite this paper
Jenq, S. and Chen, M. (2021). Research on Leisure Needs, Leisure Participation and Leisure Obstacles of Family Caregivers with Intellectual Disabilities. Open Access Library Journal, 8, e7033. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1107033.
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