All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


The Socio-Economic Implications of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining on Mining Communities in Northern Ghana

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1107010, PP. 1-17

Subject Areas: Economics

Keywords: Artisanal, Small-Scale Mining, Communities, Socio-Economic, Alternative Livelihood

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Small-Scale Mining (SSM) predates Large-Scale Mining (LSM) in Ghana but was relegated to the background in the 1980s following the Economic Reforms and Structural Adjustment Programmes which heavily liberalized the mining sector. Conversely, the small-scale mining sector continues to boom attracting a large chunk of the labour force in the mining sector. The small-scale mining sector has affected the livelihoods of several thousands of people especially those living in mining communities across the country. This study sought to ascertain the impact of small-scale mining on the livelihoods of people living in mining communities in the Northern Ghana. The study aimed at examining the socio-economic effects of artisanal and small-scale mining on the mining communities in northern Ghana. The approaches that were used to gather and analyse the data for the study included qualitative and quantitative research approaches. The study shows that the impact of small-scale Mining activities on livelihoods has been both positive and negative. It is recommended that small-scale mining firms should be required by law to introduce Alternative Livelihood Programmes or Interventions in the communities where they operate. Thus, communities can cope with the adverse effects of mining activities on their livelihoods.

Cite this paper

Isung, C. B. , Salifu, Y. and Agana, T. A. (2021). The Socio-Economic Implications of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining on Mining Communities in Northern Ghana. Open Access Library Journal, 8, e7010. doi:


[1]  Hentschel, T., Hruschka, F. and Priester, M. (2002) Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Challenges and Opportunities. International Institute of Economic and Development and World Business Council for Sustainable Development, Russell Press Ltd., Nottingham.
[2]  World Bank (2013) Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining: Brief. The World Bank Group.
[3]  Ontoyin, J. and Agyemang, I. (2014) Environmental and Rural Livelihoods Implications of Small Scale Gold Mining in Talensi-Nabdam District in Northern Ghana. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 7, 150-159.
[4]  Hinton, J. (2005) Communities and Small-Scale Mining: An Integrated Review for Development Planning. The World Bank, Washington DC, Human Well-Being, International Association for Impact Assessment, Fargo.
[5]  International Labour Organisation (ILO) (1999) Social and Labour Issues in Small- Scale Mines. Report for Discussion at the Tripartite Meeting on Social and Labour Issues in Small-Scale Mines, International Labour Organization, Sectoral Activities Programme, International Labour Office, Geneva.
[6]  Hilson, G. and Potter, C. (2005) Structural Adjustment and Subsistence Industry: Artisanal Gold Mining in Ghana. Development and Change, 36, 103-131.
[7]  Buxton, A. (2013) Responding to the Challenge of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining: How Can Knowledge Networks Help? International Institute for Environment and Development, London.
[8]  Maponga, O. (2010). Transforming Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining for the Sustainable Livelihoods of Communities: Lessons and Options. In G. Hilson (Ed.), Enclaves of Wealth and Hinterlands of Discontent: Foreign Mining Companies in Africa’s Development. Third World Network Africa 2010.
[9]  Hilson, G. and Maponga, O. (2004) How Has a Shortage of Census and Geological Information Impeded the Regularization of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining? Natural Resources Forum, 28, 22-33.
[10]  Lahiri-Dutt, K. (2004) Informality in Mineral Resource Management in Asia: Raising Questions Relating to Community Economies and Sustainable Development. Natural Resources Forum, 28, 123-132.
[11]  Akabzaa, T. and Darimani, A. (2001) Impact of Mining Sector Investment in Ghana: A Study of the Tarkwa Mining Region. A Draft Report, SAPRI.
[12]  Hayford, E.K., et al. (2008) Impact of Mining on Soil and Some Staple Foods Collected from Selected Mining Communities in and around Tarkwa-Prestea Area. West African Journal of Applied Ecology, 14, 1-12.
[13]  Tsikata, F. (1997) The Vicissitudes of Mineral Policy in Ghana. Resources Policy, 23, 9-14.
[14]  Awuah-Nyamekye, S. and Sarfo-Mensah, P. (2012) Mining or Our Heritage? Indigenous Local People’s Views on Industrial Waste of Mines in Ghana. In: Show, K.-Y., Ed., Industrial Waste, INTECH, London, 151-172.
[15]  Hilson, G. and Banchirigah, S.M. (2009) Are Alternative Livelihood Projects Alleviating Poverty in Mining Communities? Experiences from Ghana. Journal of Development Studies, 45, 172-196.
[16]  Kuma, J.S. and Yendaw, J.A. (2010) The Need to Regularise Activities of Illegal Small-Scale Mining in Ghana: A Focus on the Tarkwa-Dunkwa Highway. International Journal of Geosciences, 1, 113-120.
[17]  Aubynn, A.K. (1998) Mining Disputes in Ghana. Woeli Publications, Accra.
[18]  ISSER (2009) The State of the Ghanaian Economy in 2008. ISSER, Accra.
[19]  World Bank (2008) Ghana 2007 External Review of Public Finance Management. Report No. 40676-GH, World Bank, Washington DC.
[20]  Ghana Chamber of Mines (2013) Performance of the Mining Industry in 2012. Accra.
[21]  Darimani, A. (2010) Mining Boom and Enclave Economy: Development Impact and Challenges in Mining Areas in Africa. In: Hilson, G., Ed., Enclaves of Wealth and Hinterlands of Discontent: Foreign Mining Companies in Africa’s Development, Third World Network-Africa, Accra.
[22]  Hilson, G. (2006) Challenges with Eradicating Child Labour in the Artisanal Mining Sector: A Case Study of the Talensi-Nabdam District.
[23]  Ayensu, E.S. (1997) Ashanti Gold: The African Legacy of the World’s Most Precious Metal. Marshall Editions Development Ltd., London, 27-32.
[24]  Aryee, B.N.A. (2003) Small-Scale Mining in Ghana as a Sustainable Development Activity: Its Development and a Review of the Contemporary Issues and Challenges. In: G. Hilson, Ed., The Socioeconomic Impacts of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining in Developing Countries, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, 379-418.
[25]  Appiah, H. (1998) Organization of Small-Scale Mining Activities in Ghana. Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 98, 307-310.
[26]  Hilson, G. (2001) A Contextual Review of the Ghanaian Small-Scale Mining Industry. International Institute of Environment and Development, London.
[27]  Awudi, G.B.K. (2002) The Role of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Mining Sector of Ghana and the Environment. The Conference on Foreign Direct Investment and the Environment, Paris, 7-8 February 2002.
[28]  Anane, M. (2008) Farmers Resist Newmont Operations in Ajenua Bepo Forest.
[29]  Ghana Statistical Service (2012) 2010 Population and Housing Census: Summary Report of Final Results. Ghana Statistical Service, May, 2012.
[30]  Ghana Statistical Service (2007) Pattern and Trends of Poverty in Ghana, 1991-2006. Ghana Statistical Service, April 2007.
[31]  Blench, R. (2006) Background Conditions in Upper East Region, Northern Ghana. Working Paper IFAD.
[32]  Akabzaa, et al. (2007) The Glittering Façade: Effects of Mining Activities on Obuasi and Its Surrounding Communities. Third World Network-Africa, Accra, 78.
[33]  Botchie, G., Fred, M.D. and Akabzaa, T. (2008) Open Cast Mining and Environmental Degradation Cost in Ghana. Technical Publication No. 87, Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research, University of Ghana, Accra.
[34]  Boon, E. and Ababio, K. (2009) Corporate Social Responsibility in Ghana: Lessons from the Mining Sector. In: Proceedings of IAIA ’09 Impact Assessment and Human Well-Being, International Association for Impact Assessment, Fargo.
[35]  Yankson, P.W. (2010) Gold Mining and Corporate Social Responsibility in the Wassa West District, Ghana. Development in Practice, 20, 354-366.
[36]  Nabdan District Assembly (NDA) (2014) District Profile. Ministry of Rural Government and Local Development, Accra.
[37]  Talensi District Assembly (TDA) (2013) District Profile. Ministry of Rural Government and Local Development, Accra.
[38]  Talensi District Assembly (TDA) (2014) District Profile. Ministry of Rural Government and Local Development, Accra.
[39]  DFID (1999) Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheets. DFID, London.
[40]  Hilson, G. (2010) Child Labour in African Artisanal Mining Communities: Experiences from Northern Ghana. Development and Change, 41, 445-473.
[41]  Hilson, G. (2002) Small-Scale Mining and Its Socio-Economic Impact in Developing Countries. Natural Resources Forum, 26, 3-13.
[42]  Nabdan District Assembly (NDA) (2013) District Profile. Ministry of Rural Government and Local Development, Accra.
[43]  Bloch, R. and Owusu, G. (2012) Linkages in Ghana’s Gold Mining Industry: Challenging the Enclave Thesis. Resource Policy, 37, 434-442.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


微信:OALib Journal