All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


Factors Associated with Risky Sexual Behavior among Jigjiga University Students in Jigjiga Ethiopia, 2018

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106768, PP. 1-17

Subject Areas: Health Policy, Epidemiology, Psychiatry & Psychology, Public Health, HIV

Keywords: Peer Pressure, Sexual Behavior, Substance Use, Youths

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Background: Adolescents and youths are known to be an adventurous group, and often engage in risky behaviors such as smoking, drinking alcohol, using drugs, and early unprotected sexual activity. University students are viewed as being at higher risks to acquire STI or HIV infection and they are categorized under the most at risk population segments due to their inclination to be engaged in risky sexual behavior. Methods: Institutional based descriptive cross-sectional study design was conducted from May 2018 to June 2018 among Jigjiga University students in Jigjiga, Ethiopia. A total of 403 study participants were included in the study. Pre-tested structured questionnaire was used for interviewing the study participants. The collected data was coded and entered in to EPI-INFO version 3.5.3 software and analyzed by using SPSS version 20. Binary logit econometric model was employed. The association between variables was analyzed using Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression and the level of significance of association was determined at P-value < 0.05. Results: A total of 403 (out of which 260 (65%) were male and 143(35%) female) university students participated in this study with 97% response rate. The result indicates that, age [AOR = 3.82, 95% CI, (2.28, 9.41)], active in my faith/religion [AOR = 3.68, 95% CI, (1.344, 10.115)], contraceptive use [AOR = 6.38, 95% CI (3.96, 10.27)], condom use [AOR = 6.38, 95% CI (3.96, 10.27)], peer pressure [AOR = 14.52, 95% CI (4.702, 44.891)], tobacco consumption[AOR = 3.191 95% CI (1.83, 5.54)] and alcohol use [1.64, 95% CI (1.39, 2.06)] were the commonest factors associated with risky sexual behavior. Conclusion: The study revealed that being too young in terms of age, not believing actively in faith/religion practice, lack of contraceptive method, not using condom, peer pressure, tobacco use and drinking alcohol were factors in the study that can lead youths to engage in risky sexual behaviors.

Cite this paper

Jibril, M. K. and Kibru, M. (2020). Factors Associated with Risky Sexual Behavior among Jigjiga University Students in Jigjiga Ethiopia, 2018. Open Access Library Journal, 7, e6768. doi:


[1]  WHO (2006) Investing in Our Future: A Framework for Accelerating Action for the Sexual and Reproductive Health of the Young People. Geneva.
[2]  Linbee, S., Valencia, B.S. and Cromer, B.A. (2000) Sexual Activity and Other High-Risk Behaviors in Adolescents with Chronic Illness: A Review. Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescence, 13, 53-64.
[3]  Joint United Nation Program on HIV/AIDS (2005) Aids Epidemic Updates.
[4]  Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office (FHAPCO) (2008) Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Reports on Progress towards Implementation of the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[5]  WHO (2009) Global Health: Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks. Author, Geneva.
[6]  UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO (2002) Young People and HIV/AIDS, Opportunity in Crisis. Population Services International Research Division, Washington DC.
[7]  Merson, M. (1993) Discrimination against HIV Infected People or People with AIDS. WHO/GPT Speech to Commission on Human Rights, Geneva.
[8]  Taffa, N. (1998) Sexuality of School Youth and Their Knowledge about STDs and HIV/ AIDS in Southeren Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 12, 17-24.
[9]  Tefera, B., Challi, J. and Yoseph, M. (2004) Knowledge, Attitude and Practice about HIV/AIDS, Voluntary Counseling and Testing among Students of Jimma University, Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 10, 43-53.
[10]  Whiteside, et al. (2001) Risks and Adverse Outcomes of Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Patients’ Attitudes and Beliefs. Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 46, 34-38.
[11]  UNSECO (2000) Promoting Population and Reproductive Health, Especially among Young People, through Basic Education: Issues Paper Strategy Session III. 2.
[12]  Arvanitidou, et al. (2008) Cigarette Smoking among Adolescents in Thessaloniki, Greece. International Journal of Public Health, 53, 204-207.
[13]  Roskin, J. and Aveyard, P. (2009) Canadian and English Students’ Beliefs about Waterpipe Smoking: A Qualitative Study. BMC Public Health, 9, Article No. 10.
[14]  O’Connor, N., O’Connor, M. and Bradley, C. (2008) Alcohol—How Much Is Too Much? Irish Medical Journal, 101, 200-202.
[15]  Brar, A. and Moneta, G. (2009) Negative Emotions and Alcohol Dependence Symptoms in British Indian and White College Students. Addictive Behavior, 34, 292-296.
[16]  Salameh, P., Jomaa, L., Issa, C., et al. (2014) Assessment of Health Risk Behaviours among University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in Lebanon. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 19, 203-216.
[17]  Ndumiso, D.N., Sibusiso, M. and Thobile, Z. (2016) Qualitative Evaluation of Selected Social Factors That Impact Sexual Risk-Taking Behaviour among African Students in Kwazulu Natal, South Africa. SAHARA-J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, 13, 96-105.
[18]  McNair, L., Carter, J. and Williams, M. (1998) Self-Esteem, Gender, and Alcohol Use: Relationships with HIV Risk Perception and Behaviors in College Students. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 24, 29-36.
[19]  Hagenhoff, C., Lowe, A., Hovell, M. and Rugg, D. (1997) Prevention of the Teenage Pregnancy Epidemic: A Social Learning Theory Approach. Education and Treatment of Children, 10, 67-83.
[20]  Langer, L.M., Warheit, G.J. and McDonald, L.P (2001) Correlates and Predictors of Risky Sexual Practices among a Multi-Racial/Ethnic Sample of University Students. Social Behaviour, 29, 133-144.
[21]  Smith, C. (2001) Adolescents and Loss of Self-Esteem among Undergraduate Student in Selected Schools in Delta State. Understanding Adolescent Psychology. Whyte and Whyte Publishers, Owerri.
[22]  Ugoji, F.N. (2014) Determinants of Risky Sexual Behaviours among Secondary School Students in Delta State Nigeria. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 19, 408-418.
[23]  Henok, A., Kassa, A., Lenda, A., et al. (2015) Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Risky Sexual Behavior and Condom Utilization among Regular Students of Mizan-Tepi University, South West Ethiopia. Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior, 3, 5.
[24]  Mengistu, T.S., Melku, A.T., Bedada, N.D. and Eticha, B.T. (2013) Risks for STIs/HIV Infection among Madawalabu University Students, Southeast Ethiopia: A Cross Sectional Study. Reproductive Health, 10, 38.
[25]  Dingeta, T., Oljira, L. and Assefa, N. (2012) Patterns of Sexual Risk Behavior among Undergraduate University Students in Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study. The Pan African Medical Journal, 12, 33.
[26]  USAID (2008) Central Statistical Agency, Addis Ababa.
[27]  Plante, T.G. and Boccaccini, M. (1997) The Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire. Pastoral Psychology, 45, 375-387.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


WhatsApp +8615387084133

WeChat 1538708413