All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


Micronutrient Contents of Heritiera fomes Species at Three Saline Zones of the Sundarban Mangrove Forest, Bangladesh

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106425, PP. 1-9

Subject Areas: Biotechnology, Ecosystem Science, Environmental Sciences, Edaphology

Keywords: The Sundarban, Micronutrient, Copper, Zinc, Iron, Oligohaline, Mesohaline, Polyhaline

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Micronutrient or essential heavy metals viz. Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn) and Iron (Fe) distribution trend were studied at the age of 6, 9 and 30 months old Heritiera fomes seedlings at three distinct saline zones viz. Chandpai (Oligohaline), Jungra (Mesohaline) and Munshiganj (Polyhaline) of the Sundarban mangrove forest. Among the observed micronutrients, Fe content comparatively lower than Cu and Zn. Relatively higher Cu was found in the root of 6 month age Heritiera fomes seedlings grown at the Chandpai (Oligohaline) zone but higher content of Zn was found in the both root and the shoot. At the 9 month age, comparatively higher content of Cu was found in the root of the seedlings grown at the Jungra (Mesohaline) zone but in the shoot, comparatively higher Cu content was observed in the seedlings grown at the Munshiganj (Polyhaline) zone. At the age of 30 months, Cu and Zn both contents found comparatively lower. At the same age (30 months) Fe content was found relatively higher in the root and the shoot of H. fomes seedlings grown at Chandpai saline (Oligohaline) zone but lower in 6-month-old seedlings. At the older age seedlings may appear more metal tolerant/avoider than the younger age seedlings.

Cite this paper

Mariam, H. and Alamgir, A. N. M. (2020). Micronutrient Contents of Heritiera fomes Species at Three Saline Zones of the Sundarban Mangrove Forest, Bangladesh. Open Access Library Journal, 7, e6425. doi:


[1]  Islam, A.K.M.N. (2003) Mangrove Forest Ecology of Sundarbans: The Study of Change in Water, Soil and Plant Diversity. In: Ghosh, A.K. and Mukhopadhya, M.K., Eds., Sustainable Environment: A Statistical Analysis, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 126-147.
[2]  Lacerda, L.D.D. (2001) Mangrove Ecosystems, Function and Management. Springer, Berlin.
[3]  Katebi, M.N.A. (2001) Sundarbans and Forestry. In: Haidar, Ed., Cyclone 91—An Environmental and Perceptional Study, BCAS, Dhaka, 79-100.
[4]  Clough, B.F. and Rews, T.J. (1982) Physiological Processes in Mangroves. In: Clough, B.F., Ed., Mangrove Ecosystems in Australia: Structure, Function and Management, Australian Institute of Marine Science in Association with Australian Natural University Press, Canberra, 195-300.
[5]  Smith, S.M. and Snedaker, S.C. (1995) Salinity Responses in Two Populations of Viviparous Rhizophora mangle L. Seedlings. Biotropica, 27, 435-440.
[6]  Wang, B.R., Devenport, J., Volkov, V. and Amtmann, A. (2006) Low Directional Sodium Influx into Root Cells Restricts Net Sodium Accumulation Thellungiella halophilla, a Salt Tolerant Relative of Arobidopsis thaliana. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57, 161-170.
[7]  Polidoro, B.A., Carpenter, K.E., Collins, L., Duke, N.C., Ellison, A.M., et al. (2010) The Loss of Species: Mangrove Extinction Risk and Geographic Areas of Global Concern. PLoS ONE, 5, e10095.
[8]  Siddiqi (1996) A Review of Regeneration Problem of Mangroves with Particular Reference to Bangladesh to Bangladesh. Mangrove Newsletter (Japan), No. 16, 2-8.
[9]  Siddiq (2001) Mangrove Forestry in Bangladesh. Institute of Forestry & Environmental Sciences University of Chittagong, Chittagong, 201 p.
[10]  Reef, R., Feller, C.I. and Lovelock, C.E. (2010) Nutrition of Mangroves. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
[11]  Jones, J.B., Wolf, B. and Mills, H.A. (1991) Plant Analysis Handbook: A Practical Sampling Preparation, Analysis and Interpretation Guide. Micro-Macro Publishing, Athens.
[12]  Vangronsveld, J. and Clijsters, H. (1994) Toxic Effects of Metals. In: Fargo, M.E., Ed., Plants and the Chemical Elements: Biochemistry, Uptake, Tolerance and Toxicity, VCH Press, Weinheim, 149-177.
[13]  Chiu, C.Y., Hsiu, F.S., Chen, S.S. and Chou, C.H. (1995) Reduced Toxicity of Cu and Zn to Mangrove Seedlings in Saline Environments. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica, 36, 19-24.
[14]  Umar, S., Moinuddin and Iqbal, M. (2005) Heavy Metals: Availability, Accumulation and Toxicity in Plants. In: Dwivedi, P. and Dwivedi, R.S., Eds., Physiology of Abiotic Stress in Plants, Dr. Updesh Purohit for Agrobios, Jodhpur, 325-343.
[15]  Saenger, P. and McConchie, D. (2004) Heavy Metal in Mangroves Methodology, Monitoring and Management. ENVIS Forestry Bulletin, 4, 52-62.
[16]  Kar, D.P., Sur, S.K., Mandal, T., Saha and Kole, R.K. (2007) Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution in Surface Water. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 5, 119-124.
[17]  Mac Farlane, G.R. and Burchett, M.D. (2002) Toxicity, Growth and Accumulation Relationships of Copper, Lead and ZNIC in the Grey Mangrove Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. Marine Environmental Research, 54, 65-84.
[18]  Wahid, S.M., Mukand, S.B. and Bhuiyan, A.R. (2007) Hydrologic Monitoring and Analysis in the Sundarbans Mangrove Ecosystem, Bangladesh. Journal of Hydrology, 332, 381-395.
[19]  Davari, A., Danchkar, A., Khorasani, N. and Poorbagher, H. (2010) Heavy Metal Contamination of Sediments in Mangrove Forests of the Persian Gulf. Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment, 8, 1289-1284.
[20]  Khan, M.A. and Gul, B. (2006) Halophytes Seed Germination. In: Ecophysiology of High Salinity Tolerant Plants, Springer, Dordrecht, 11-30.
[21]  Boto, K.G. and Welhington, J.T. (1983) Phosphorus and Nitrogen Nutritional Status of a Northern Australian Mangrove Forest. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 11, 63-69.
[22]  Boto, K.G. (1992) Nutrients and Mangroves. In: Connell, D.W. and Hawker, D.W., Eds., Pollution in Tropical Aquatic Systems, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 129-146.
[23]  Li, M.S. (1997) Nutrient Dynamic of a Futian Mangrove Forest in Shenzhen, South China. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 45, 463-472.
[24]  Hutchings, P. and Saenger, P. (1987) The Ecology of Mangroves. University of Queensland Press, St Lucia.
[25]  Clark, M.W., McConche, D., Lewis, D.W. and Seanger, P. (1998) Redox Stratification and Heavy Metal Partitioning in Avicennia Dominated Mangrove Sediments; a Geochemical Model. Chemical Geology, 149, 147-171.
[26]  Preda, M. and Cox, M.E. (2002) Trace Metal Occurrence and Distribution in Sediments and Mangroves, Pumicestone Region, Southeast Queensland, Australia. Environment International, 28, 433-449.
[27]  Marchard, C.E., Lallier-verges, F., Baltzer, P., Alberic, D., Cossa and Baillif, P. (2006) Heavy Metals Distribution in Mangrove Sediments along the Mobile Coastline of French Guiana. Marine Chemistry, 98, 1-17.
[28]  Anderson, L.E., Melville, F. and Jolley, D. (2008) An Assessment of an Oil Spill in Gladstone, Australia. Impacts on Intertidal Areas at One Month Post-Spill. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 57, 607-615.
[29]  Yu, R.L., Xing, Y., Zhao, Y.H., Hu, G.R. and Tu, X.L. (2008) Heavy Metal Pollution in Intertidal Sediments from Quanzhou Bay, China. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 20, 664-669.
[30]  Wang, Y., Qiu, Q., Xin, G., Yang, Z., Zheng, J. and Ye, Z. (2012) Heavy Metal Contamination in Vulnerable Mangrove Swamp in South China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185, 5775-5787.
[31]  Alongi, D.M., Clough, P., Dision and Tirendi, F. (2003) Nutrient Partitioning and Storage in Arid-Zone Forests of the Mangroves Rhizophora stylosa and Avicennia marina. Trees, 17, 51-60.
[32]  Rahaman, M.M., Lu, H.L., et al. (2009) A Brief Review on Pollution and Ecotoxicologic Effects on Sundarbans Mangrove Ecosystem in Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Engineering, 1, 369-383.
[33]  Iftekhar, M.S. and Saenger, M.R. (2008) Vegetation Dynamics in the Bangladesh Sundarbans Mangroves: A Review of Forest Inventories. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 16, 291-312.
[34]  Allen, S.E. (1974) Chemical Analysis of Ecological Materials. Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford.
[35]  Li, W., Khan, M.A., Yamaguchi and Kamiya, Y. (2005) Effects of Heavy Metals on Seed Germination and Early Seedling Growth of Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Growth Regulation, 46, 45-50.
[36]  Lian, Y., Xu, J., Lin, P., Meguro, S., Kawachi, S. and McGuinness, K.A. (1997) Dispersal, Establishment and Survival of Ceriops tagal Propagules in a North Australian Mangrove Forest. Oecologia, 109, 80-87.
[37]  Thomas and Fernandez (2006) Incidence of Heavy Metals in the Mangrove Flora and Sediments in Kerala, India. Journal Hydrobiology, 352, 77-87.
[38]  Mahmood, H. and Saberi, O. (2007) Micronutrient Contents of Field Grown Seedlings, and Trees of a Mangrove Species, Bruguiera parviflora (Wight & Arnold) in the Kuala Selangor Nature Park, Malaysia. Indian Forester, 133, 1057-1062.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


WhatsApp +8615387084133

WeChat 1538708413