All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


Sea Level Variations of Zhejiang Province, China

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106409, PP. 1-12

Subject Areas: Natural Geography, Geomorphology

Keywords: Sea Level, Zhejiang, Satellite Altimetry Data, SST

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

In this paper we consider the Zhejiang (ZJ) provincial coastal area to find the sea level (SL) variations. Sea Surface Height Relative to Geoid over these areas has been obtained from the satellite altimetry data produced routinely by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) and Archiving, Validation and Interpretation of Satellite Oceanographic (AVISO) data. Monthly, seasonal and interannual variations of SL over ZJ have been presented and discussed. SL is indicating an increasing trend; however, there is a decreasing trend between the years 1975 and 1987. Over ZJ increase in SL increase is 0.34 mm in SL from 1958 to 1975 and after 1987 there is 0.24 mm increase, overall increase is 0.17 mm from 1958 to 2015; however, decrease in SL 0.26 mm from 1975 to 1987. Maximum SL observed in 2012. Negative relation between SL and Sea surface temperature (SST) found over ZJ province.

Cite this paper

Wang, P. , Wang, L. and Subrahmanyam, M. V. (2020). Sea Level Variations of Zhejiang Province, China. Open Access Library Journal, 7, e6409. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1106409.

References

[1]  Nerem, R.S. and Leuliette, C. (2006) A Present-Day Sea-Level Change: Are Review. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 338, 1077-1083. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crte.2006.09.001
[2]  Church, J.A. (2001) Sea Level Rise: History and Consequences. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union, 82, 376. https://doi.org/10.1029/01EO00232
[3]  Church, J., Gregory, J.M., Huybrechts, P., Kuhn, M., Lambeck, K., Nhuan, M.T., Qin, D. and Woodworth, P.L. (2001) Changes in Sea Level. In: Houghtonetal, J.T., Ed., Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 639-693.
[4]  Woodworth, P., Gregory, J.M. and Nicholls, R.J. (2004) Long Term Sea Level Changes and Their Impacts. In: Robinson, A.R. and Brink, K., Eds., The Sea, Biological-Physical Interactions in the Sea, Vol. 12, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 717-752.
[5]  Li, C.Y., Sun, S.Q. and Mu, M.Q. (2001) Origin of the TBO-Interaction between Anomalous East-Asian Winter Monsoon and ENSO Cycle. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 18, 555-566. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-001-0044-y
[6]  Wang, H., Liu, K.X., Zhang, J.L., et al. (2013) The Sea Level Change of Sansha Seas. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 35, 11-17. (In Chinese)
[7]  The State Oceanic Administration (2013) In 2012 China Sea Level Communique.
[8]  Ma, J., Zhou, Y.H., Liao, D.C., et al. (2007) Global Sea Level Change from 1992 to 2007. Annals of Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, 1, 37-41.
[9]  Zheng, W.Z. and Zhao, X.C. (1985) China’s Coatime. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 7, 276-279.
[10]  Zheng, W.Z., Yu, J.Y. and Niu, B. (1992) Sea Level Research in China. Marine Science Bulletin, 11, 68-72.
[11]  Chen, Z.Y., Huang, Y.H., Zhou, T.H., Tang, E.X., Yu, Y.F. and Tian, H. (1991) A Preliminary Study on Mean Sea Level of the Changjiang River Estuary. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 22, 315-320.
[12]  Zhou, T.H. and Chen, Z.Y. (1992) China’s Coastal Sea Level Change Trend of Research in Recent Decades. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 14, 1-8.
[13]  Yu, D.Y. (1986) Preliminary Analysis of China Coastal Sea Change Trend during the Past 20 Years. The Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences 562 Comprehensive Brigade Collected Papers.
[14]  Fang, Q.Y. and Shi, R.H. (1985) Over the Past Century the World Sea Level Changes. Marine Science Bulletin, 4, 1-5.
[15]  Chen, X.Q. (1990) Sea-Level Changes from 1922 to 1987 in the Changjiang River Mouth and Its Significance. Acta Geographica Sinica, 45, 387-398.
[16]  Department of Geological of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (1994) The Influence and Strategy of Sea Level Rise to Delta Region in China. Science Press, Beijing.
[17]  Cazenave, A., Dominh, K., Gennero, M.C. and Ferret, B. (1998) Global Mean Sea Level Changes Observed by Topex-Poseidon Altimetry and ERS-1. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 23, 1069-1075. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-1946(98)00146-3
[18]  Repert, J.P., Donguy, J.R., Elden, G., et al. (1985) Relations between Sea Level, Thermocline Depth, Heat Content, and Dynamic Height in the Tropical Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 90, 11719-11725. https://doi.org/10.1029/JC090iC06p11719
[19]  White, W.B. and Tai, C.K. (1995) Inferring Interannual Changes in Global Upper Ocean Heat Storage from TOPEX Altimetry. Journal of Geophysical Research, 90, 24943-24954.
[20]  Chambers, D.P., Tapley, B.D. and Stewart, R.H. (1997) Long-Period Ocean Heat Storage Rates and Basin-Scale Heat Fluxes from TOPEX. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 10525-10533. https://doi.org/10.1029/96JC03644
[21]  Chen, J.L., Shum, C.K., Wilson, C.R., et al. (2000) Seasonal Sea Level Change from TOPEX/Poseidon Observation and Thermal Contribution. Journal of Geodesy, 73, 638-647. https://doi.org/10.1007/s001900050002
[22]  Cabanes, C., Cazenave, A. and Le Provost, C. (2001) Sea Level Rise during Past 40 Years Determined from Satellite and in Situ Observations. Science, 294, 840-842. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1063556
[23]  Leuliette, E.W. and Wahr, J.M. (1999) Coupled Pattern Analysis of Sea Surface Temperature and TOPEX/POSEIDON Sea Surface Height. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 29, 599-611. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1999)029<0599:cpaoss>2.0.CO;2
[24]  Nerem, R.S. and Mitchum, G.T. (2001) Sea Level Change. In: Fu, L.-L. and Cazenave, A., Eds., Satellite Altimetry and Earth Sciences: A Handbook of Techniques and Applications, Academic Press, Cambridge, 329-347. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0074-6142(01)80153-4
[25]  Nerem, R.S. and Mitchum, G.T. (2001) Observations of Sea Level Change from Satellite Altimetry. In: Douglas, B.C., Kearney, M.S. and Leatherman, S.P., Eds., Sea Level Rise: History and Consequences, Academic Press, Cambridge, 121-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0074-6142(01)80009-7
[26]  IPCC (2007) Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Summary for Policy makers. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
[27]  Chen, H.L. and Rizzoli, P.M. (2013) Sea Level Rising Trends in the South China Sea over 1993-2011. APAC 2013, Bali, 24-26 September 2013, 979-983.
[28]  Pu, Y.X. (1988) The Monthly Average Seasonal Changes in the Sea Level of China Coast. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 10, 292-302.
[29]  Pu, Y.X. and Xu, X.Y. (1986) The Black Tide of the East China Sea during 1972-1983. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 8, 14-20.
[30]  Li, K.P., Fang, X.Y., Liu, L.H., et al. (1993) Response of the Sea Level Changes to Variabilities of the Kuroshio. Marine Science Progress, No. 4, 30-37.
[31]  Thompson, D.W.J., Wallace, J.M., Kennedy, J.J., et al. (2010) An Abrupt Drop in Northern Hemisphere Sea Surface Temperature around 1970. Nature, 467, 444. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09394
[32]  Yu, Y.F. (2004) Advance of Researches on the Variations of Mean-Sea-Level (MSL) in the Coastal Water of China. Periodical of Ocean University of China (Natural Science Edition), 34, 713-719.
[33]  Zuo, J.C., Yu, Y.F. and Chen, Z.Y. (1994) The Analysis of Factor along China Coast. Advance in Earth Sciences, 9, 48-53.
[34]  The State Oceanic Administration (2012) In 2011 China Sea Level Communique.
[35]  Zhang, J.L., Chen, M.C., Chen, M.X., et al. (2009) Characteristics of SST Variation/Change in the Coastal Region of the East China Sea. Proceeding of the Nineteen International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, Osaka, 21-26 July 2009, 483-489.
[36]  Zuo, J.C., Du, L., Chen, M.X., et al. (2013) Sea Level Change and Its Impact and Application under the Background of Climate Change. Science Press, Beijing.
[37]  Cai, R.S., et al. (2010) The Effects of Climate Change on China’s Coastal Ecosystem. Ocean Press, Beijing.

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal