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The Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Complications in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106278, PP. 1-10

Subject Areas: Rheumatology

Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes, Musculoskeletal Complications, DISH, Adhesive Capsulitis, Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Neuropathic Arthropathy

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Abstract

Background: The numbers of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) cases are increasing worldwide. DM cause chronic damage to many body organs. A number of musculoskeletal conditions have been linked to Diabetes Mellitus which include some affecting the shoulders (i.e. adhesive capsulitis and rotator cuff tendinopathy, carpal tunnel syndrome, neuropathic arthropathy), the hands (limited joint mobility, and diabetic sclerodactyly) and several other conditions. These health issues are important to identify because they can affect quality of life. The aim of this study was to identify these musculoskeletal conditions associated with Syrians type 2 diabetics. Participants & Methods: The study was conducted on 550 individuals, 300 of them were type 2 diabetics and 250 individuals were free of diabetes. Prior to the study, all patients were screened for diabetes and musculoskeletal abnormalities. A further assessment was done to those who had any musculoskeletal problem to find the exact diagnosis according to the criteria. Results and Discussion: Only 73 patients (24.3%) had controlled diabetes. Their HbA1c level was <8.1. 64% of diabetic patients had positive GALS screening examination comparing with 27.6% non-diabetic patients. Regarding to REM, results have shown that positive rheumatological conditions in 98 diabetic individuals comparing to 83 non-diabetic patients had a positive GALS screening. DISH was identified in 23 (6.7%) Patients, in comparison with 15 (6%) control or non-diabetics population. Conclusion: The prevalence of various musculoskeletal complications in type 2 diabetics is quite high. Controlling glucose levels in diabetics maybe considered an effective method to reduce the prevalence of such complications.

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Kudsi, M. and Labban, L. (2020). The Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Complications in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Open Access Library Journal, 7, e6278. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1106278.

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