This work studied the effect of fish pond wastewater, proximate and mineral analyses of the fish feeds from commercial fish ponds on receiving soils in the southern Guinea Savanna ecological zone of Minna, Nigeria. The study con-ducted during the dry seasons of the years 2015 and 2016 between January and May. Four sets of soil samples were collected at varying distances from the various fish ponds and analysed for physicochemical properties, Particle size analysis and Exchangeable Acidity. Similarly, two different sets of water samples were collected each from various farms studied and analysed for physicochemical properties such as pH, Ec (Electrical conductivity), TDS (Total dissolved solids), Alkalinity, Total Hardness, Turbidity, Temperature, DO (Dissolved Oxygen), BOD (Biological oxygen demand), Calcium, Magnesium, Sodium and Potassium. Average results obtained for the two dry seasons for the soil samples around the fish farms showed that: pH 6.33 - 7.24, Organic Carbon 2.03 - 6.00 g/kg, Available Phosphorus 7 - 10 mg/kg, Total Nitrogen 0.95 - 2.10 g/kg, Exchangeable Bases and Exchangeable Acidity 0.02 - 0.06 Cmol/kg were within the permissible limits of FAO and WHO. The various parameters were within the permissible limits for fish production. The fish wastewater had Electrical Conductivity 118 - 230 μS/cm, pH 6.79 - 7.10, and Biological Oxygen Demand 3.0 - 6.0 mg/L. In conclusion, the wastewater from fish farms is good sources of fertiliser to the surrounding farmlands.
Cite this paper
Musa, J. J. , Dada, P. O. O. , Adewumi, J. K. , Akpoebidimiyen, O. E. , Musa, E. T. , Otache, M. Y. and Yusuf, S. (2020). Fish Pond Effluent Effect on Physicochemical Properties of Soils in Southern Guinea Savanna, Nigeria. Open Access Library Journal, 7, e5990. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1105990.
Al-Absi, M. and Khalid, A. (2008) Characteristics of Purna River Water of Navsari and Removal of Trace Toxic Metals by Ion-Exchange Process Using Pre-Concentration Techniques. Journal of Pollution Research, 24, 415-422.
Hussain, K.A. (2007) Effects of Sewage Wastewater Irrigation on Soil Properties, Crop Yield and Environment. Agricultural Journal of Water Management, 103, 100-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2011.10.022
Rattan, R.K., Datta, S.P., Chhonkar, P.K., Suribabu, K. and Singh, A.K. (2005) Long-Term Impact of Irrigation with Sewage Effluents on Heavy Metal Content in Soils, Crops and Groundwater. Journal of Agricultural Ecosystem and Environment, 109, 310-322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2005.02.025
Kiziloglu, F.M., Turan, M., Sahin, U., Kuslu, Y. and Dursun, A. (2009) Effects of Untreated and Treated Wastewater Irrigation on Some Chemical Properties of Cauliflower and Red Cabbage Grown on Calcareous Soil in Turkey. Journal of Agricultural Water Management, 95, 716-724. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2008.01.008
Muamar, A., Tijane, M., EL-Ariqi, S., El-Housni, A., Zouahri, A. and Bouksaim, M. (2014) Assessment of the Impact of Wastewater Use on Soil Properties. Journal of Material and Environmental Science, 5, 747-752.
Namara, R.E., Hanira, M.A., Castillo, G.E., Raynborg, H.M., Smith, L. and Van Koppen, B. (2010) Agricultural Water Management and Poverty Linkages. Agricultural Water Management, 97, 520-527. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2009.05.007
Roy, K., Chari, M.S., Gaur, S.R. and Thakur, A. (2014) Ecological Dynamics and Hydrobiological Correlations in Freshwater Ponds—Recent Researches and Application. International Journal of Environmental Biology, 4, 112-118.
Capkin, E., Altinoc, I. and Karahan, S. (2006) Water Quality and Fish Size Affect Toxicity and Endosulfan, an Organochlorine Pesticide to Rainbow Trout. Chemosphere, 64, 1793-1800. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.12.050
Tripathi, D.M., Tripathi, S. and Tripathi, B.D. (2011) Implications of Secondary Treated Distillery Effluent Irrigation on Soil Cellulase and Urease Activities. Journal of Environmental Protection, 3, 655-661. https://doi.org/10.4236/jep.2011.25075
Antil, R.S. and Dinesh, D.S.S. (2007) Utilization of Sewer Water and Its Significance in INM. Proceedings of ICAR Sponsored Winter School on Integrated Nutrient Management, Department of Soil Science and Directorate of Human Resource Management, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India, 9-83.
Simerjit, K. (2012) Impact of Industrial Development on Groundwater & Surface Water Quality in Industry Dominating Sectors of Chandigarh, India. Journal of Environment and Ecology, 3, 21-60. https://doi.org/10.5296/jee.v3i1.2182
Temilola, O., Oluwatoyin, A. and Emmanuel, A. (2014) Impact Assessment of Dumpsites on Quality of Near-by Soil and Underground Water: A Case Study of an Abandoned and a Functional Dumpsite in Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal of Science, Environment and Tech-nology, 3, 1004-1015.
Agbaire, P.O., Akporido, S.O. and Emoyan, O.O. (2015) Determination of some Physicochemical Parameters of Water from Artificial Concrete Fish Ponds in Abraka and Its Environs, Delta State, Nigeria. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences, 5, 2231-4490.
Ayuba, V.O. and Iorkohol, E.K. (2013) Proximate Composition of Some Commercial Fish Feeds sold in Nigeria. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 8, 248-252. https://doi.org/10.3923/jfas.2013.248.252
Ojobor, S.A. and Tobih, F.O. (2015) Effects of Fish Pond Effluent and Inorganic Fertilizer on Amaranthus Yield and Soil Chemical Properties in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, 4, 237-244. https://doi.org/10.15640/jaes.v4n1a29
FAO (2008) Fish Pond Construction and Management. Field Guide and Extension Manual. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) with the National Special Programme for Food Security (NSPFS), Rome, Italy, 8-23.
Colt, J., Ludwig, R., Tchobanoglous, G. and Cech Jr., J.J. (1981) The Effects of Nitrite on the Short-Term Growth and Survival of Channel Catfish, Ictalurus Punctatus. Aquaculture, 24, 111-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(81)90048-X
Torimiro N., Bebe, P.T., Ogundipe, F.E., Esan, D.M. and Aduwo, A.I. (2014) The Bacteriology and Physico-Chemical Analysis of Freshwater Fish Ponds. International Research Journal of Microbiology, 5, 28-32.
Samara, F., Elsayed, Y., Soghomonian, B. and Knuteson, S.L. (2016) Chemical and Biological Assessment of Sed-iments and Water of Khalid Khor, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 111, 268-276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.06.107
Ezeanya, N.C., Chukwuma, G.O., Nwaigwe, K.N. and Egwuonwu, C.C. (2015) Standard Water Quality Requirements and Management Strategies for Fish Farming (A Case Study of Otamiri River). International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 4, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.15623/ijret.2015.0403001
Devi, P., Sirisha, D. and Gandhi, N. (2013) Study on the Quality of Water and Soil from Fish Pond in Around Bhimavaram West Godavari District, A.P., INDIA. International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, 2, 58-62.
Nájera, F., Tapia1, Y., Baginsky, C., Figueroa, V., Cabeza1, R. and Salazar, O. (2015) Evaluation of Soil Fertility and Fertilisation Practices for Irrigated Maize (Zea mays L.) under Mediterranean Conditions in Central Chile. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 15, 84-97.
Subramani, T., Mangaiyarkarasi, M. and Kathirvel, C. (2014) Impact of Sewage and Industrial Effluent on Soil Plant Health Act on Environment. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 4, 270-273.
Hassan, F.M., Kathim, N.F. and Hussain, F.H. (2008) Effect of Chemical and Physical Properties of River Water in Shatt Al-Hilla on Phytoplankton Communities. Journal of Chemistry, 5, 323-330. https://doi.org/10.1155/2008/940542
Jaji, M.O., Bamgbose, O., Odukoya, O.O. and Arowolo, T.A. (2007) Water-Quality Assessment of Ogun River, South West Nigeria. Environ-mental Monitoring and Assessment, 133, 473-482. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-006-9602-1
Liu, G., Wang, R., Wu, L., Peng, S., Wang, Y. and Jiang, C. (2015) Differential Changes in Cell-Wall Content and Boron and Calcium Concentration in Newhall Navel Orange Grafted on Two Rootstocks Differing in Boron-Deficiency Responses. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 46, 439-453. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2014.997384
Carmago, J.A., Alonso, A. and Salamanca, A. (2005) Nitrate Toxicity to Aquatic Animals: A Review with New Data for Freshwater Invertebrates. Chemosphere, 58, 1255-1267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.10.044
Hussain, M., Hussain, S.M., Afzal, M., Javid, A., Abdullah, S., Raza, S.A. and Iqbal, M. (2011) Effect of Low Level of Mineral Phosphorus and Medium Level of Nitrogen on Planktonic Productivity and Increase in Fish Production. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 21, 642-645.