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High Blood Pressure and Stroke in the City of Lubumbashi: Determinants and Socio-Demographic Characteristics, Case of the Rail Ways Company Hospital

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105985, PP. 1-5

Subject Areas: Surgery & Surgical Specialties, Emergency & Critical Care

Keywords: High Blood Pressure, Stroke, Determinants, Lubumbashi

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Abstract

Introduction: We conducted a cross-sectional study to describe the epide-miological and sociodemographic situation of stroke and high blood pres-sure at the Lubumbashi rail ways company hospital. Methodology: Our cross-sectional analytical study is spread over a period of one year, from January 1st to December 31st, 2018. The study population is the one having suffered from high blood pressure and stroke at the Lubumbashi railways company hospital during our period. Our sampling is exhaustive and its size is 487 patients among 372 high blood pressure patients. The data were collected on Excel and analyzed on SPSS version 23. Results: The prevalence of high blood pressure is 76.4%. The average age of hypertensives is 62.6 ± 9.4 years. The extreme ages are respectively 17 and 91 years. Women are the majority with 52.9%. There is no statistically significant link between sexes, living in urban or rural areas, diabetes, or renal failure with the occurrence of high blood pressure at the Lubumbashi railways company hospital during our study period (P-value > 0.05). No statistically significant association was observed between vital records and arterial hypertension at the Lubumbashi railways company hospital during our study period (P-value > 0.05 and Chi-square < 3.84). The age of the patients was by no means associated with the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents (Chi-square < 3.84 and P-value > 0.05). Living in an urban area (Chi-square: 5.02, P-value: 0.025) and kidney failure (Chi-square: 4.1, P-value: 0.04) predispose to accidents cerebrovascular disorders, whereas being diabetic does not predispose to stroke (Chi-square, 0.1, P-value: 0.7). Conclusion: High blood pressure remains a reality in our environment. Special attention must be paid to this pathology that spares no one. The consequences inherent to this pathology (stroke, death and even disability) remain formidable.

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Onesiphore, L. M. , Simon, I. K. , Christian, K. W. K. , Louis, S. C. , Benjamin, K. I. and Clément, K. N. (2019). High Blood Pressure and Stroke in the City of Lubumbashi: Determinants and Socio-Demographic Characteristics, Case of the Rail Ways Company Hospital. Open Access Library Journal, 6, e5985. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1105985.

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