All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


Infrastructure Provision in Regularised Informal Settlement through Labour Based Approach: Lessons from Miembeni Settlement in Moshi, Tanzania

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105883, PP. 1-19

Subject Areas: Sociology

Keywords: Labour Based Approach, Infrastructure Provision, Informal Settlement, Moshi, Tanzania

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Labour based approach as a participatory approach in infrastructure pro-vision has become a topical global agenda to ensure success of urban plan-ning practice in informal settlements. This paper contributes to the emerging debate on the roles and critiques of the use of labour based approach in infrastructure provision as one step in the implementation of land regularization taking Miembeni settlement in Moshi Tanzania as a case. The study highlights motives and needs for infrastructure provisioning as an important step for local communities’ engagement in land regularization towards improving infrastructure facilities and utilities in the settlement. It provides explanation on technology in which labour adopted, supported by light equipment, which was used as a cost-effective method of constructing and maintaining infrastructure at a required standard. Likely provides donor community contributions and settlement characteristics. The analysis is grounded in understanding labour based approach as a theoretical base in using local community and simple technology in improving infrastructure in informal settlements, implementation process, the role of planning institutions, planning standards and written and unwritten norms. The paper ends by providing reflections and concluding remarks which provide lessons and sharing knowledge for replication in informal settlements of the same context in Tanzania and elsewhere.

Cite this paper

Zakayo, E. , Mhache, E. P. and Magigi, W. (2019). Infrastructure Provision in Regularised Informal Settlement through Labour Based Approach: Lessons from Miembeni Settlement in Moshi, Tanzania. Open Access Library Journal, 6, e5883. doi:


[1]  Majani, B.B.K., Magigi, W. and Kyessi, A. (2005) Geographical Information Infrastructure Applications in Urban Land Man-agement in Tanzania: A Strategy to Enhance Communities’ Decision Making in Land Regularization Process in Informal Set-tlements.
[2]  Mbara, T., Nyarirangwe, M. and Mukwashi, T. (2010) Challenges of Raising Road Maintenance Funds in Developing Countries: An Analysis of Road Tolling in Zimbabwe. Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management, 11, 151-175.
[3]  Servacius, B.L. (2001) The Link between Labour-Based Tech-nology and Poverty Reduction: The Case of Rural Tanzania. Utafiti Journal, 4, 43-56.
[4]  Fernandes, E. and Smolka, M. (2004) Land Regularization and Upgrading Programs Revisit. Land Lines, 16, 12-16.
[5]  PRIF (2014) Infrastructure Maintenance: Review of Labour Based Approaches. Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility, Sydney.
[6]  Stock, E.A. and Veen, J. (1996) Expanding Labor-Based Methods for Road Works in Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program. The World Bank and Economic Commission for Africa.
[7]  Ogita, S. (2010) Evaluation of Labor-Based Road Work Methods. Internship Project Report, Harvard Kennedy School, Cambridge.
[8]  Mtisi, S. (2011) Labour-Based Approaches to Infrastructure Building and Maintenance. A Train4Dev/OECD DAC POVNET Joint Learning Event: Promoting Pro-Poor Growth. Policy Instrument Note 6, ODI and ITAD, London.
[9]  Ngebulana, M.R. (2006) Evaluation of Labour-Intensive Construction Project Sinmadibeng Municipality, Northwest Province, South Africa. A Project Report Submitted for Award of MS Degree at University of Witwatersrand South Africa.
[10]  Nyando, C.K. (2010) Assessing Management Processes of Labour Based Construction Works. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch.
[11]  Thlala, W.D. (2009) Sustainable Development through Urban Renewal Projects: A Case of Johannesburg, South Africa. University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg.
[12]  Lawal, T. (2014) Local Government and Rural Infrastructural Delivery in Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 4, 139.
[13]  Olson, M. (1965) The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
[14]  Marwell, G. and Oliver, P. (1994) The Critical Mass in Collective Action: A Micro Social Theory. Public Choice, 79, 390-392.
[15]  Babyebonela, T.W. (2013) Local Resources Mobilization towards Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Tanzania: A Case of Kinondoni Municipality, Dar es Salaam City. Thesis for Award of Philosophy Degree at the Open University of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam.
[16]  Habitat UN (2010) State of the World’s Cities 2010/2011: Bridging the Urban Divide. Earthscan, London.
[17]  National Bureau of Statistics (2013) 2012 Population and Housing Census. Government Printers, Dar es Salaam.
[18]  Mwangi, E., Markelova, H. and Meinzen-Dick, R. (2012) Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction: Insights from Africa and Asia. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.
[19]  Ekanayakage, S.V. (2014) Management of Projects with Beneficiary Participation: Case Study—Rehabilitation of Internal Estate Roads. Masters Dissertation, University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa.
[20]  Isidiho, A.O. and Sabran, M.S.B. (2016) Evaluating the Top-Bottom and Bottom-Up Community Development Approaches: Mixed Method Approach as Alternative for Rural Un-Educated Communities in Developing Countries. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 7, 266.
[21]  Zakayo, E., Mhache, E.P. and Wakuru, M. (2018) Land Regularization and Community Development Nexus in Cities of Sub Saharan Africa: A Critical Review with Urban Growth and Development Perspectives. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management, 6, EM-2018-158-163.
[22]  URT (2007) The Urban Planning Act of 2007. Government Printers, Dar es Salaam.
[23]  Schmidt, S. and Zakayo, E. (2018) Land Formalization and Local Leadership in Moshi, Tanzania. Habitat International, 74, 18-26.
[24]  Nnkya, T.J (2004) The Sustainable Dar es Salaam Project 1992-2003. UN-HABITAT.
[25]  Lüthi, C., McConville, J. and Kvarnstr?m, E. (2010) Community-Based Approaches for Addressing the Urban Sanitation Challenges. International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, 1, 49-63.
[26]  AFDB (African Development Bank) (2013) An Integrated Approach to Infrastructure Provision in Africa.
[27]  Rajasingham, S. (2014) Road Infrastructure Maintenance: Lessons from Africa and the Pacific.
[28]  Donnges, C., Edmonds, G. and Johannessen, B. (2007) Rural Road Maintenance: Sustaining the Benefits of Improved Access. International Labour Office, Bangkok.
[29]  Karim, H. and Magnusson, R. (2008) Road Design for Future Maintenance Problems and Possibilities. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 134, 523-531.
[30]  Affleck, R.T. and Freeman, R. (2010) Challenges for Engineering Design, Construction, and Maintenance of Infrastructure in Afghanistan (No. ERDC/CRREL-SR-10-2). Engineer Research and Development Center, Hanover, NH Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


微信:OALib Journal