Introduction: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major public health problem in Morocco. Knowledge of risk factors is the first step in raising awareness. The objective of this work was to evaluate the knowledge of health professionals working at the Mohammed VI center for the treatment of cancers on risk factors of colorectal cancer. Patients and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive, exhaustive study of the hospital personal present (N = 100) stratified according to the activity pole in three groups: G1: Doctors, G2: Nurses and physicists and G3: reception personnel. Results: The participation rate was (90.91%). The average age of the health professionals was 31.77 ± 9.8. These included doctors (38%), nurses (16%) and support personal (46%). There was a female predominance. Doctors (79.5%) are significantly more aware than nurses (45.9%) and reception staff (31.6%) that age over 40 is a risk factor with p = 0.0001. We report a low awareness of nurses and hospital personal compared to physicians about the role of genetic history such as family history of colorectal cancer, familial adenomatous polyposis, and hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, IBD and polyps in preventing CRC with p = 0.0001. Regarding toxic habits, tobacco and alcohol are considered a risk factor for most of medical staff. Obesity is also considered a significant risk factor for 70.5% of Group 1 and 32.4% of Group 2 and 36.8% of Group 3 with p = 0.001. The most common preventative factors reported by doctors and health professionals were a diet rich in vegetables and fruits, and regular physical activity. Conclusion: In the light of these results, it appears that the knowledge of the health personal is limited and that it will have to be strengthened by promotion of initial and continuous training on risk factors for colorectal cancer.
Cite this paper
Imad, F. E. , Drissi, H. , Tawfiq, N. , Radallah, D. and Bendahhou, K. (2019). Knowledge of Risk Factors of Health Professionals towards Colorectal Cancer at the Mohammed VI Center of Casablanca for the Treatment of Cancers. Open Access Library Journal, 6, e5577. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1105577.
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