All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


Paleoanthropology of Consciousness, Culture and Oral Language

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105237, PP. 1-48

Subject Areas: Anthropology

Keywords: Homo Dilectus, Epigenetic Function of the Real, Continuity vs Contiguity, Utilitarian and Non-Utilitarian Anthropogenic Finds, Imaginific Function, Sensing-Intuition, Thinking-Feeling, Symbolling, Musically Established Sound Emission, Speech Communication, Semantic Baptism

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


It is presented an updated version of my previous paleoanthropological inter-pretation of the available utilitarian and non-utilitarian Paleolithic finds (Messori 2016), aimed at establishing the earliest human developmental stages of consciousness, culture and oral language. The environmental transformations to which Earth has gone to meet from its formation to the Archean period of the Precambrian Era, during which the terrestrial proto-biological phenomenon develops, are briefly discussed. By following the quantum electrodynamic explanation of biological water it is assumed that the transition from organic to biological it would have happened during late Hadean with the formation of colloid lyophilized bubbles, dissipative systems embedded by anticipatory systems, at the phase boundary between chaotic and ordered (coherent) regimes, composed by perturbed prebiotic water maintained in a regime of oscillatory super-coherence by an endogenous electromagnetic field of suitable intensity and frequency, bounded by a selective electronic pump consisting of a semi-crystalline film of reducing water, and containing macromolecules such as proteins and amino acids, synthesized on a enantioselective basis. A brief recapitulation of the geological phases and biological events that characterized the ca. 1.5 billion years that stand between eukaryotic cells stabilization and genus Homo appearance is provided. By adopting a non-Darwinian approach, the biological phenomenon is described as an eco-systemic non-linear dissipative system embedded by super-complex anticipatory systems, at the phase boundary between chaotic and ordered (coherent) regimes, ruled by thermodynamics of non-equilibrium laws. By comparing utilitarian and non-utilitarian finds dating from Lower Paleolithic (ca. 2.7 - 2.4 mya to ca. 300 - 120 tya) with finds dating from Middle Paleolithic (ca. 300 - 120 to ca. 45 - 30 tya), it is assumed that the inner life (insight) of our distant ancestors underwent a slow process of psycho-relational and psycho-biological individuation (incubation and settling of a distinct and relatively autonomous neuro-psychological identity), that only recently (second half of Lower Paleolithic) led to the formation of the relatively autonomous and independent psychic complex called epigenetic function of the real, or consciousness, the essential requirement for there to be a fully established cultural production. The slow process that went from a musically established sound emission (second half of Lower Paleolithic), to a fully syntactical and semantics codification of a suitably emitted and articulated range of sounds, that through time became speech communication, namely oral language (first half of Middle Paleolithic), is discussed. The slow process to which oral language has gone from acquiring the power to re-create the world by naming it—semantic baptism—as an act of legitimation of reality (Upper Paleolithic), to becoming an instrument of power in the hands of the male gender (Neolithic), which thanks to it tames Nature and subjugates the generatrix power of women’s uterus (where the pneuma is transmuted into offspring by which the progeny is re-created) to the generatrix power of oro-larynx (where the pneuma is transmuted into speech by which the World is re-created), is also discussed.

Cite this paper

Messori, C. (2019). Paleoanthropology of Consciousness, Culture and Oral Language. Open Access Library Journal, 6, e5237. doi:


[1]  Cruz, M., et al. (2007) A Cosmic Microwave Background Feature Consistent with a Cosmic Texture. Science, 318, 1612-1614.
[2]  Lopez-Corredoira, M. (2017) Tests and Problems of the Standard Model in Cosmology. Foundations of Physics, 47, 711-768.
[3]  Lerner, E.J. (2006) Evidence for a Non-Expanding Universe: Surface Brightness Data from HUDF. In: Lerner, E.J. and Almeida, J.B., Eds., 1st Crisis in Cosmology Conference, AIP, Melville, 60-74.
[4]  Lerner, E.J., Falomo, R. and Scarpa, R. (2014) UV Surface Brightness of Galaxies from the Local Universe to z ~ 5. International Journal of Modern Physics, 23, Article ID: 1450058.
[5]  National Research Council (2011) Priority Questions in Planetary Science for the Next Decades. In: Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022, The National Academies Press, Washington DC, 69-86.
[6]  Santosh, M., Arai, T. and Maruyama, S. (2017) Hadean Earth and Primordial Continents: The Cradle of Prebiotic Life. Geoscience Frontiers, 8, 309-327.
[7]  Elia, V., Germano, R. and Napoli, E. (2015) Permanent Dissipative Structures in Water: The Matrix of Life? Experimental Evidences and their Quantum Origin. Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry, 15, 559-571.
[8]  Rosen, R. (1978) Fundamentals of Measurement and Representation of Natural Systems. Elsevier North-Holland, New York.
[9]  Rosen, R. (1991) Life Itself: A Comprehensive Inquiry into the Nature, Origin, and Fabrication of Life. Columbia University Press, New York.
[10]  Rosen, R. (2012) Anticipatory Systems. 2nd Edition, Philosophical, Mathematical and Methodological Foundations, Springer, Berlin.
[11]  Messori, C. (2019) The Super-Coherent State of Biological Water. Open Access Library Journal, 6.
[12]  Guo, Q., et al. (2009) Reconstructing Earth’s Surface Oxidation across the Archean-Proterozoic Transition. Geology, 37, 399-402.
[13]  Dalziel, I.W.D. (2014) Cambrian Transgression and Radiation Linked to an Iapetus-Pacific Oceanic Connection? Geology, 42, 979-982.
[14]  Messori, C. (2017) From Enlightenment to Cyborgs. Open Access Library Journal, 4, 1-46.
[15]  Purdy, J. (2015) After Nature: A Politics for the Anthropocene. Har-vard University Press, Harvard, 181.
[16]  Spiro, J.P. (2009) Defending the Master Race: Conservation, Eugenics, and the Legacy of Madison Grant. UPNE.
[17]  Darwin, C. (1871) The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex. John Murray, Chapter VI, of the Affinities and Genealogy of Man, London.
[18]  Viana, R.L., et al. (2009) Riddled Basins in Complex Physical and Biological Systems. Journal of Computational Interdisciplinary Sciences, 1, 73-82.
[19]  Ott, E., et al. (1994) The Transition to Chaotic Attractors with Riddled Basins. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 76, 384-410.
[20]  Messori, C. (2016a) Intelligence vs Artificial Intel-ligence: The King Is Naked. Open Access Library Journal, 3, 1-37.
[21]  Messori, C. (2012) A Cosmogonic Model of Human Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research—Part I-II-III-IV, 3, 1149-1208.
[22]  Poli, R. (2010) An Introduction to the Ontology of Anticipation. Futures, 42, 769-776.
[23]  Glansdorff, P. and Prigogine, I. (1971) Thermodynamic Theory of Structure, Stability and Fluctuations. Wiley-Interscience, London.
[24]  Maes, C. (2015) Revisiting the Glansdorff-Prigogine Criterion for Stability within Irreversible Thermodynamics. Journal of Statistical Physics, 159, 1286-1299.
[25]  Cramer, J.G. (2015) The Transactional Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Nonlocality.
[26]  Tedeschi, A. (2010) Is the Living Dynamics Able to Change the Properties of Water? International Journal of Design & Nature Ecodynamics, 5, 60-67.
[27]  Szent-Gyorgyi, A. (1957) Bioenergetics. Academic Press, New York.
[28]  Belova, N.A. and Acosta-Avlos, D. (2015) The Effect of Extremely Low Frequency Alternating Magnetic Field on the Behavior of Animals in the Presence of the Geomagnetic Field. Journal of Biophysics, 2015, Article ID: 423838, 8 p.
[29]  Fels, D. (2016) Physical Non-Contact Communication between Microscopic Aquatic Species: Novel Experimental Evidences for an Interspecies Information Exchange. Journal of Biophysics, 2016, Article ID: 7406356, 5 p.
[30]  Vanderstraeten, J. and Gillis, P. (2010) Theoretical Evaluation of Magnetoreception of Power-Frequency Fields. Bioelectromagnetics, 31, 371-379.
[31]  Zhadin, M.N. (2001) Review of Russian Literature on Biological Action of DC and Low-Frequency AC Magnetic Fields. Bioelectromagnetics, 22, 27-45.
[32]  Galland, P. and Pazur, A. (2005) Magnetoreception in Plants. Journal of Plant Research, 118, 371-389.
[33]  Jessen, K.R. (2004) Cells in Focus, Glial Cells. The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 36, 1861-1867.
[34]  Oberheim, N.A., et al. (2012) Heterogeneity of Astrocytic Form and Function. Methods in Molecular Biology, 8, 23-45.
[35]  Oberheim, N.A., et al. (2009) Uniquely Hominid Features of Adult Human Astrocytes. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 3276-3287.
[36]  Robertson, J.M. (2013) Astrocytes and the Evolution of the Human Brain. Medical Hypoteses, 82, 236-239.
[37]  Barkovich, A.J., Gressens, P. and Evrard, P. (1992) Formation, Maturation, and Disorders of Brain Neocortex. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 13, 423-446.
[38]  Efimov, A., et al. (2007) Asymmetric CLASP-Dependent Nucleation of Noncentrosomal Microtubules at the Trans-Golgi Network. Developmental Cell, 12, 917-930.
[39]  Bednarik, R.G. (2008) The Origins of Symboling. Signs, 2, 82-113.
[40]  Ackermann, R.R. and Smith, R.J. (2007) The Macroevolution of Our Ancient Lineage: What We Know (or Think We Know) about Early Hominin Diversity. Evolutionary Biology, 34, 72-85.
[41]  Lieberman, D.E. (2001) Another Face in Our Family Tree. Nature, 410, 419-420.
[42]  Bednarik, R.G. (2003) The Earliest Evidence of Paleoart. Rock Art Research, 20, 89-135.
[43]  Zhu, Z., et al. (2018) Hominin Occupation of the Chinese Loess Plateau since about 2.1 Million Years Ago. Nature, 559, 608-612.
[44]  Harmand, S., et al. (2015) 3.3-Million-Year-Old Stone Tools from Lomekwi 3, West Turkana, Kenya. Nature, 521, 310-315.
[45]  Verri, G., et al. (2004) Flint Mining in Prehistory Recorded by In Situ-Produced Cosmogenic 10Be. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101, 7880-7884.
[46]  Lepre, C.J., et al. (2011) An Earlier Origin for the Acheulian. Nature, 477, 82-85.
[47]  Iovita, R. and McPerron, S.P. (2011) The Handaxe Reloaded: A Morphometric Reassessment of Acheulian and Middle Paleolithic Handaxes. Journal of Human Evolution, 61, 61-74.
[48]  Brumm, A. and Rainey, A. (2011) The Acheulean Downunder: Modern Human ‘Handaxes’ from the Barkly Tableland of Northern Australia, Lithics. The Journal of the Lithic Studies Society, 32, 49-61.
[49]  Klein, R. (1999) The Human Career, Human Biological and Cultural Origins. 2nd Edition, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
[50]  Bednarik, R.G. (2013) Pleistocene Palaeoart of Africa. Arts, 2, 6-34.
[51]  Bednarik, R.G. (2002) An Acheulian Palaeoart Manuport from Morocco. Rock Art Research, 19, 137-139.
[52]  Strasser, T.F., et al. (2010) Stone Age Seafaring in the Mediterranean: Evidence from the Plakias Region for Lower Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Habitation of Crete, Hesperia. The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 79, 145-190.
[53]  Wilkins, J. and Chazan, M. (2012) Blade Production ≈ 500 Thousand Years Ago at Kathu Pan 1, South Africa: Support for a Multiple Origins Hypothesis for Early Middle Pleistocene Blade Technologies. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39, 1883-1900.
[54]  Key, A.J.M. and Lycett, S.J. (2017) Form and Function in the Lower Palaeolithic: History, Progress, and Continued Relevance, Journal of Anthropological Sciences, 95, 67-108.
[55]  Wynn, T. (1989) The Evolution of Spatial Competence. University of Illinois Press, Chicago, 61-65.
[56]  Bednarik, R.G. (2008) Cupules. Rock Art Research, 25, 61-100.
[57]  Bednarik, R.G. (2006) Neurophysiology and Paleoart. In: Cognition and Symbolism in Human Evolution, Semiotix Course, Lecture No. 6, University of Toronto, Canada.
[58]  McBrearty, S. and Brooks, A.S. (2000) The Revolution That Wasn’t: A New Interpretation of the Origin of Modern Human Behavior. Journal of Human Evolution, 39, 453-563.
[59]  Gao, X. (2013) Paleolithic Cultures in China. Uniqueness and Divergence. Current Anthropology, 54, 358-370.
[60]  Presnyakova, D., et al. (2015) Documenting Differences between Early Stone Age Flake Production Systems: An Experimental Model and Archaeological Verification. PloS ONE, 10, e0130732.
[61]  Bednarik, R.G. (2006) The Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Origins of Semeiotics. In: Yevglevsky, A.V., Ed., Structural and Semiotic Investigations in Archaeoloy, Vol. 3, Donetsk University Press, 89-107.
[62]  Corneanu, M. and Corneanu, C.G. (2016) The Role of Art, Abstract Thinking and Social Relations in the Human Evolution. Oltenia Journal for Studies in Natural Sciences, 32, 193-204.
[63]  Harrod, J.B. (2014) Palaeoart at Two Million Years Ago? A Review of the Evidence. Arts, 3, 135-155.
[64]  Laughlin, C.D. (1996) Archetypes, Neurognosis and the Quantum Sea. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 10, 375-400.
[65]  Jung, C.G. (1964) Approaching the Unconscious. In: Jung, C.G., et al., Eds. (1969), Man and His Symbols, 2nd Edition, Anchor Press Doubleday, New York, 67.
[66]  Adler, G. and Hull, R.F.C. (1971) Collected Works of C.G Jung, Volume 6. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
[67]  Waller, S.J. (2002) Psychoacoustic Influences of the Echoing Environments of Prehistoric Art. Paper for ASA First Pan-American/Iberian Meeting on Acoustics in Cancun.
[68]  Reznikoff, I. and Dauvois, M. (1988) La dimension sonore des grottes ornées. Bulletin de la Société préhistorique fran?aise, 85-8, 238-246.
[69]  Büster, L., Warmenbol, E. and Mleku?, D., Eds. (2019) Between Worlds: Understanding Ritual Cave Use in Later Prehistory. Springer, New York, 1-6.
[70]  Blake, E.C. and Cross, I. (2015) The Acoustic and Auditory Contexts of Human Behavior. Current Anthropology, 56, 81-103.
[71]  Waller, S. (1993) Sound and Rock Art. Nature, 363, 501.
[72]  Groucutt, H.S., et al. (2015) Rethinking the Dispersal of Homo Sapiens out of Africa. Evolutionary Anthropology, 24, 149-164.
[73]  Roebroeks, W. (2008) Time for the Middle to Upper Paleolithic Transition in Europe. Journal of Human Evolution, 55, 918-926.
[74]  Nowell, A. and White, M.J. (2010) Growing Up in the Middle Pleistocene: Life history strategies and their relationship to Acheulian Industries. In: Nowell, A. and Davidson, I., Eds., Stone Tools and the Evolution of Human Cognition, University Press of Colorado, Boulder, CO, 67-82.
[75]  Eliade, M. (2014) A History of Religious Ideas. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Vol. 1, 164.
[76]  Schulkin, J. and Raglan, G.B. (2014) The Evolution of Music and Human Social Capability. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8, Article ID: 292, 1-13.
[77]  Brandt, A., Gebrian, M. and Slevc, L.R. (2012) Music and Early Language Acquisition. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, Article ID: 327, 1-17.
[78]  Breskin, V. (2010) Triad. Method for Studying the Core of the Semiotic Parity of Language and Art. Signs, 3, 1-28.
[79]  Davidson, I. (2003) The Archaeological Evidence of Language Origins: States of Art. In: Christiansen, M. and Kirby, S., Eds., Language Evolution: States of Art, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 140-157.
[80]  Knight, C., et al. (2000) Language: A Darwinian Adaptation? In: Knight, C., et al. Eds., The Evolutionary Emergence of Language, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1-15.
[81]  Mithen, S. (2005) The Singing Neanderthals: The Origins of Music, Language, Mind and Body. Weidenfeld & Nicholson, London.
[82]  Slavova, V. and Soschen, A. (2015) On Mental Representations: Language Structure and Meaning Revised. Information Theories and Applications Journal, 22, 314-325.
[83]  Vieira, A.B. (2010) Grammatical Equivalents of Paleolithic Tools: A Hypothesis. Theory in Biosciences, 129, 203-210.
[84]  Murray, S.R. (1980) The Tuning of the World: Toward a Theory of Soundscape Design. Paperback, Ed. 2nd Edition, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.
[85]  Krause, B.L. (1993) The Niche Hypothesis: A Virtual Symphony of Animal Sounds, the Origins of Musical Expression and the Health of Habitats. The Soundscape Newsletter, 6, 6-10.
[86]  Crompton, R.H., et al. (2012) Human-Like External Function of the Foot, and Fully Upright Gait, Confirmed in the 3.66 Million Year Old Laetoli Hominin Footprints by Topographic Statistics, Experimental Footprint-Formation and Computer Simulation. Journal of the Royal Society, Interface, 9, 707-719.
[87]  Ward, C.V., et al. (2011) Complete Fourth Metatarsal and Arches in the Foot of Australopithecus afarensis. Science, 331, 750-753.
[88]  Haile-Selassie, Y., et al. (2012) A New Hominin Foot from Ethiopia Shows Multiple Pliocene Bipedal Adaptations. Nature, 483, 565-569.
[89]  Arbib, M.A. (2005) From Monkey-Like Action Recognition to Human Language: An Evolutionary Framework for Neurolinguistics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28, 105-167.
[90]  Messori, C. (2012) Dalla Facoltà Acustico-Musicale alle Origini del Linguaggio Orale Fino al Predominio della Cavità Orale che Genera il Mondo sulla Cavità Uterina che Genera la Vita. Il Minotauro, Persiani Editore, Bologna, 2, 6-43.
[91]  Messori, C. (2016) From Continuity to Contiguity. On the Genesis of Consciousness, Culture and Oral Language—Part I-II-III-IV. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research, 7, 163-228.
[92]  Schneider, M. (1986) Gli animali Simbolici e la loro origine musicale nella mitologia e nella scultura antiche. [Symbolic Animals and Their Musical Origins in Ancient Mythology And Sculpture.] Rusconi Editore, Milano.
[93]  Watzlawick, P., et al. (1967) Some Tentative Axioms of Communication. In: Watzlawick, P., et al., Eds., Pragmatics of Human Communication; A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies, and Paradoxes, W. W. Norton & Co, New York, 282.
[94]  Pettitt, P.B. and Zilhao, J. (2015) Problematizing Bayesian Approaches to Prehistoric Chronologies. World Archaeology, 47, 525-542.
[95]  Slavova, V. (2019) Notes on the “Self-Centered” Factor, Based on Data from Child Language Acquisition—Preprint, to Appear in: Language and Cognition, Special Issue of the Psychology in Russia: State of the Art Journal.
[96]  Bruner, E. (2018) Human Paleoneurology: Shaping Cortical Evolution in Fossil Hominids. Journal of Comparative Neurology.
[97]  Bruner, E. (2017) Language, Paleoneurology, and the Fron-to-Parietal System. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11, 349.
[98]  Blanke, O. and Mohr, C. (2005) Out-of-Body Experience, Heautoscopy, and Autoscopic Hallucination of Neurological Origin. Implications for Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Corporeal Awareness and Self Consciousness. Brain Research Reviews, 50, 184-199.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


微信:OALib Journal