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Methane Gas Emissions: Methods of Improving the Efficiency of the Biggest Landfill Gas Waste to Energy Project in the Middle East Installed in Amman, Jordan

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104476, PP. 1-35

Subject Areas: Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Atmospheric Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Chemical Engineering & Technology

Keywords: Renewable Energy Sources, Waste to Energy, Biogas, Environment, Methane Gas, Engineering

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Abstract

In a world of increasing population and consumption, there is a pressing need to use our resources in the best possible way. This involves reducing the generation of waste, achieving high-quality recycling and efficient use of the residual waste for highly productive clean energy generation. A waste-to-energy facility may generate a range of energy outputs such as electricity, district heating, steam for industrial processes and many other energy outputs. In this way, residual waste, i.e. waste that cannot be recycled in an economic or environmentally beneficial way, can become a resource by turning it into energy for the benefit of people, countries and the environment. In the last 20 years, the main waste treatment facilities are landfills. However, during this time period, there has been a huge progress and more efficient and environmentally friendly methods of waste treatment as M.B.T. (mechanical biological treatment) plants, burners, medical sterilization plants etc. are constructed, but landfills still remain the main method of waste treatment. Landfills are commonly found in developing countries. These landfills are constructed following the latest construction methods that minimize the environmental problems and maximize the energy efficiency. This research deals with the energy production of the main landfill in Amman, Jordan. The biggest waste to energy facility in the Middle East is located in Amman, Jordan. This research paper emphasizes on the problems that can occur in a waste to energy project and introduces many unique techniques that were applied in the biggest waste to energy project in the Middle East to improve and maximize the landfill gas production in the most financially and environmentally friendly way as possible. These techniques have proved that they maximize the CH4 concentration which increases the energy utilization of the landfill gas and can, therefore, be applied in other similar projects. An image of the landfill area is shown in Fig-ure 1.

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Hadjidimoulas, C. (2018). Methane Gas Emissions: Methods of Improving the Efficiency of the Biggest Landfill Gas Waste to Energy Project in the Middle East Installed in Amman, Jordan. Open Access Library Journal, 5, e4476. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1104476.

References

[1]  Detailed Design of the Project. Design, Built and Operate a Solid Waste Disposal Facility: A Landfill Gas Recovery and a Power Generation System at the Existing Ghabawi Landfill, Amman, Jordan. By J/V Constantinidis Helector Design Team.
[2]  Personal Notes by Project Manager Mr. Christodoulos Hadjidimou-las, Mechanical Engineer.
[3]  “Landfill Design-Guidelines-BC2010.pdf.” Ac-cessed January 9, 2018.
http://www.build-a-biogas-plant.com/PDF/LandfillDesign-
guidelines-BC2010.pdf
[4]  Tchobanoglous, G., Theisen, H. and Vigil, S. Integrated Solid Waste Management.

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