This research work aims to study the perceptions of
pastoralists and agro- pastoralists
on climate change impacts on mobile herding and the effectiveness of herders’ adaptive strategies
within Kompienga Province, south-eastern region of Burkina Faso. In order to
achieve this aim, survey data were retrieved from 271 respondents and analysed.
From respondents’ perceptions, climate change is real and is negatively
affecting forage availability (in quality and quantity); livestock production
and reproduction performances; herders’ practices, their livelihoods and the
cohabitation of herding and crop farming. To overcome the increasing
constraints the pastoral herding is facing, sound and urgent actions need to be
undertaken by Burkina Faso government. These actions include: 1) providing the grazing reserves with necessary
facilities such as perennial reservoirs; 2)
conducting research to improve breeds that would adapt to current climatic
encouraging and supporting gradual shift of herders from mobile herding to the
sedentary breeding; 4)
supporting and organizing forage production by farmers. At short term an
effective cross-border framework could be created to seek for sound solutions
to secure the mobility of herds within ECOWAS territory.
Cite this paper
Sanou, C. L. , Tsado, D. N. , Kiema, A. , Eichie, J. O. and Okhimamhe, A. A. (2018). Climate Variability Adaptation Strategies: Challenges to Livestock Mobility in South-Eastern Burkina Faso. Open Access Library Journal, 5, e4372. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1104372.
Martin, R., Müller, B., Linstadter, A. and Frank, K. (2014) How Much Climate Change Can Pastoral Livelihoods Tolerate? Modelling Rangeland Use and Evaluating Risk. Global Environmental Change, 24, 183-192.
Scoones, I. (1994) New Directions in Pastoral Development in Africa. In: Scoones, I., Ed., Living with Uncertainty: New Directions in Pastoral Development in Africa, London, 1-36. https://doi.org/10.1080/096145249100077821
Amanor, K.S. (1995) Dynamics of Herd Structures and Herding Strategies in West Africa: A Study of Market Integration and Ecological Adaptation. Journal of the International African Institute, 65. http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp https://doi.org/10.2307/1161051
Niamir-Fuller, M. (2000) Managing Mobility in African Rangelands. In: McCarthy, N., Swallow, B., Kirk, M. and Hazell, P., Eds., Property Rights, Risk, and Livestock Development in Africa, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC, 435. https://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/10568/50993
Thébaud, B. and Batterbury, S. (2001) Sahel Pastoralists: Opportunism, Struggle, Conflict and Negotiation. A Case Study from Eastern Niger. Global Environmental Change, 11, 69-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0959-3780(00)00046-7
Mccarthy, N. and Di Gregorio, M. (2007) Climate Variability and Flexibility in Resource Access: The Case of Pastoral Mobility in Northern Kenya. Environment and Development Economics, 12, 403. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355770X07003609
Gonin, A. and Gautier, D. (2015) Shift in Herders’ Territorialities from Regional to Local Scale: The Political Ecology of Pastoral Herding in Western Burkina Faso. Pastoralism, 5, 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13570-015-0023-z
Reenberg, A., Oksen, P. and Svendsen, J. (2003) Land Use Changes vis-à-vis Agricultural Development in Southeastern Burkina Faso: The Field Expansion Dilemma. Geografisk Tidsskrift, 103, 57-69. https://doi.org/10.1080/00167223.2003.10649492
Lambin, E.F., Geist, H.J. and Lepers, E. (2003) Dynamics of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change in Tropical Regions. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 28, 205-241. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.energy.28.050302.105459
Sulieman, H.M. and Elagib, N.A. (2012) Implications of Climate, Land-Use and Land-Cover Changes for Pastoralism in Eastern Sudan. Journal of Arid Environments, 85, 132-141. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2012.05.001
Byenkya, G.S., Mugerwa, S., Barasa, S. and Zziwa, E. (2014) Land Use and Cover Change in Pastoral Systems of Uganda: Implications on Livestock Management under Drought Induced Pasture. African Crop Science Journal, 22, 1013-1025.
Zampaligré, N., Dossa, L.H. and Schlecht, E. (2013) Climate Change and Variability: Perception and Adaptation Strategies of Pastoralists and Agro-Pastoralists across Different Zones of Burkina Faso. Regional Environmental Change, 14, 769-783. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-013-0532-5
Kimiti, K.S., Wasonga, O.V., Western, D. and Mbau, J.S. (2016) Community Perceptions on Spatio-Temporal Land Use Changes in the Amboseli Ecosystem, Southern Kenya. Pastoralism, 6, 24. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13570-016-0070-0
Sawadogo, I. (2011) Fodder Resources and Representations of Pastoralists, Evolution of Pastoral Practices in a Protected Area Context: Case of the Kotchari Terroir on the Outskirts of the W Biosphere Reserve in Burkina Faso. Ph.D. Thesis, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, 336 p.
Kiema, A., Some, L., Nacro, B.H., Compaore, H., Kagone, H. and Kpoda, C.S.Y. (2013) Adaptation Strategy of Pastoralists in the Eastern Zone of Burkina Faso to the Effects of Climate Change. African Agronomy Special Issue on Climate Change, 79, 67-79.
Gomgnimbou, A.P.K., Savadogo, P.W., Nianogo, A.J. and Millogo-Rasolodimby, J. (2010) Farming Practices and Farmers’ Perceptions of the Environmental Impacts of Cotton Farming in the Province of Kompienga (Burkina Faso). Science & Nature, 7, 165-175. http://doi.org/10.4314/scinat.v7i2.59960
Soungalo, S. (2016) Land Use Patterns and Indicators of Biodiversity Degradation in Pama Reserves and Agrosystems (South-East Burkina Faso). PhD Thesis, Ouaga University I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, Burkina Faso, 165 p.
Dipama, J.-M., Vissin, E.W., Hedible, S. and Boko, M. (2011) Analysis of Strategies of Agricultural Practices Facing Climate Change within Kompienga (Burkina Faso) and Mekrou (Benin). Annals of the University of Ouagadougou, 13, 73.
Mbayngone, E., Thiombiano, A., Hahn-Hadjaki, K. and Guinko, S. (2008) Structure of the Woody Species of Plant Formations of the Pama Reserve (South-East Burkina Faso, West Africa). Flora et Vegetatio Sudano-Sambesica, 11, 25-34. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/290306433
Fontès, J. and Guinko, S. (1995) Map of the Vegetation and Land Cover of Burkina Faso. National Center for Scientific Research of the University of Toulouse III, Institute of Rural Development, Faculty of Science and Technology of the University of Ouagadougou, Ministry of French Cooperation, Campus Project 88313101, 65 p.
Kima, S.A., Okhimanhe, A.A. and Kiema, A. (2016) Assessing the Impacts of Land Use and Land Cover Change on Pastoral Livestock Farming in South-Eastern Burkina Faso. Environment and Natural Resources Research, 6, 110. http://doi.org/10.5539/enrr.v6n1p110
Akponikpè, P.B.I., Johnston, P. and Agbossou, E.K. (2010) Farmers’ Perception of Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies in Sub-Saharan West-Africa. 2nd International Conference: Climate, Sustainability and Development in Semi-Arid Regions, Fortaleza-Ceará, 16-20 August 2010. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Peter_Johnston4/ publication/265798407
Ouédraogo, M., Dembélé, Y. and Somé, L. (2010) Perceptions and Strategies for Adapting to Changes in Rainfall: The Case of Farmers in Burkina Faso. Drought, 20, 32-38. http://doi.org/10.1684/sec.2010.0256
Allé, U.C.S.Y., Vissoh, P., Guibert, H., Agbossou, E. and Afouda, A.A. (2013) Relationship between Farmers’ Perceptions of Climatic Variability and Climatic Observations in South Benin. VertigO—The Electronic Journal in Environmental Sciences, 13, 14. http://doi.org/10.4000/vertigo.14361
Sanfo, A. (2014) Climate Change and Human Security: The Case of Violent Conflicts between Crop Farmers and Agropastoralists in the Eastern and Plateau Central Regions of Burkina Faso, West Africa. Master Thesis, University of Lomé, Togo, 65 p.
Gentle, P. and Thwaites, R. (2016) Transhumant Pastoralism in the Context of Socioeconomic and Climate Change in the Mountains of Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 36, 173-182. http://doi.org/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-15-00011.1
MAEP (Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries of Benin) (2017) Interministerial Order No. 2017-002/MAEP/MISP/DC/SGM/DE/SA/002SGG17 Amending the Interministerial Decree No. 270/MISP/MAEP/DC/SGM/SA/125SGG16 of 25 November 2016 on the Details of the 2016-2017 Transhumance Campaign in the Republic of Benin. MAEP, Benin, 7 p.
Kima, S.A. (2014) Assessment of the Impact of Climate and Land Use Changes on pastoral Livestock Farming in Boulgou Province, South-Eastern Burkina Faso. Master Thesis, Federal University of Minna, Minna, Nigeria, 118 p.
Kima, S.A., Okhimamhe, A.A., Kiema, A., Zampaligre, N. and Sule, I. (2015) Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change in the Sub-Humid Zone of Burkina Faso, West Africa: Perceptions of Agro-Pastoralists. Pastoralism, 5, 16. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13570-015-0034-9