This research was aimed at assessing plants
diversity, under the influence of siltation and solid waste effluents along the
River Benue bank, Shinko area in Yola North Local Government Area of Adamawa
State, Nigeria. Three plots of 20 m × 20 m were randomly established at the solid waste, silt
solid waste, silted and no-silt; no-waste areas. A quadrat of 1 m × 1 m was laid at random to determine the population of
plant species in each plot. The results of the population of plant species in
the various sites revealed that, 10 plant species occurred at the solid waste
area (SWA), 7 species at silt waste area (SSW), 12 plant species at silted
area (SA) and 31 plant species at no-silt; no-waste area (NSW).
Shannon-Wiener’s diversity index was used to analyse species diversity in the
various sampling locations. Shannon-Wiener’s diversity indexes in the various
sites were approximately 1.985, 1.788, 2.140 and 3.125 at SWA, SSW, SA and NSW
respectively. The result obtained indicates high uncertainties; as each species are
relatively distributed within SWA, SSW, SA and NSW areas. The results indicated
that there were significant differences at P ≥ 0.05 as (p-value = 0.183377) in plant species
among the study sites. Axonopuscompressus had the highest occurrence in 3 of the study areas,
except for the silted area.
Cite this paper
Adaeze, J. E. , Dishan, E. E. and Tella, I. O. (2017). Plants Species Diversity along River Benue Bank under the Influence of Siltation and Solid Waste Effluents, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Open Access Library Journal, 4, e4125. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1104125.
Stuart, S.N., Adams, R.J. and Martin, J. (1990) Biodiversity in Sub-Saharan Africa and Its Islands: Conservation, Management, and Sustainable Use. Biodiversity Conservation Strategy Programme, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Species Survival Commission, IUCN, 242 p.
Adefioye, S.A. (2013) Analysis of Land Use/Land Cover Pattern along the River Benue Channel in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Department of Geography, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife. Nigeria Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2, 128-138.
Adebayo, A.A. and Tukur, A.L. (1999) Climate: Sunshine, Temperature, Evaporation and Relative Humidity. Climate II: Rainfall. In: Adebayo, A.A. and Tukur, A.L., Eds., Adamawa State in Maps, Department of Geography and Paraclete Publishers, 20-26.
James, B. (1996) Furzebrook Research Station, NERC Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Wareham, Dorset BH20 5AS, United Kingdom. In: Sutherland, W.J., Ed., Ecological Census Techniques—A Handbook, 111-115.
Wagggoner, C.M., Keller, K. and McArthur, J. (2003) Exploring Biodiversity. In: O’Donnell, M.A., Ed., Tested Studies for Laboratory Teaching, Volume 24, Proceedings of the 24th Workshop/Conference of the Association for Biology Laboratory Education (ABLE), 1-6.
Hector, A., Schmid, B., Beirrkuhnlein, C., Caldeiria, M.C. and Diemer, M. (1999) Plant Diversity and Productivity Experiment in European Grasslands. Journal Science, 286, 1123-1126. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.286.5442.1123
Ghavzan, N.J., Gunale, V.R., Mahajan, D.M. and Shirke, D.R. (2006) Effects of Environmental Factors on Ecology and Distribution of Aquatic Macrophytes. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 871-880. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2006.871.880