All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


Effect of Anthropometry and Dyslipidaemia on Birth Weight

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103733, PP. 1-8

Subject Areas: Nutrition, Health Policy, Pediatrics, Public Health, Global Health

Keywords: Pregnancy Weight Retention, Macrosomia, Dyslipidaemia, Obesity

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


The period of pregnancy is a very important aspect of fetal growth and development. Maternal weight gain during pregnancy is associated with fetal macrosomia. Generally, delays in low maternal weight gain have been linked to limitations in fetal growth and development, and there is some evidence that low maternal weight gain is associated with an increased risk of pre-term delivery. Objective: To determine the effect of hyperlipidaemia during pregnancy on neonatal growth and birth weight. Methodology: This was a prospective cross sectional study on pregnant who delivered between (1-6) weeks and non pregnant women as a control. Result: There was significant difference between TG of the exposed group (0.87 ± 0.29) mmol/L versus the controls (0.75 ± 0.31) mmol/L p = 0.04. T.CHOL was also significant between the exposed (4.45 ± 0.75) mmol/L and controls (4.03 ± 1.04) mmol/L p = 0.029. Comparing LDL-C of both groups was (2.71 ± 0.79) mmol/L for the cases and (2.26 ± 0.75) mmol/L for the controls a p = 0.005. Also there was a significant difference between HDL-C of the exposed (1.28 ± 0.33) mmol/L and controls (1.45 ± 0.44) mmol/L p = 0.044. There was no correlation between baby’s weight and maternal BMI, p = 0.950. Postnatal lipids did not also show relationship with baby’s weight. Dyslipidaemia during the postpartum period did not reflect a subsequent increase in birth weight. Conclusion: Generally, the study demonstrated strongly that BMI does not affect birth weight especially in women who are overweight and obese. More so, dyslipidaemia during the postpartum period (1-6) weeks did not correlate or reflect a subsequent increase in birth weight and a possible obesity in later life.

Cite this paper

Darku, E. D. , Jr., A. C. and Darku, M. K. (2017). Effect of Anthropometry and Dyslipidaemia on Birth Weight. Open Access Library Journal, 4, e3733. doi:


[1]  Herrera, F., Lozano, M. and Verdegay, J.L. (1998) Tackling Real-Coded Genetic Algorithms: Operators and Tools for Behavioural Analysis. Artificial Intelligence Review, 12, 265-319.
[2]  Herrera, E. (2002) Lipid Metabolism in Pregnancy and Its Consequences in the Fetus and Newborn. Endocrine, 19, 43-55.
[3]  Judd, L.L., Akiskal, H.S., Maser, J.D., Zeller, P.J., Endicott, J., Coryell, W., et al. (1998) Major Depressive Disorder: A Prospective Study of Residual Subthreshold Depressive Symptoms as Predictor of Rapid Relapse. Journal of Affective Disorders, 50, 97-108.
[4]  Stamnes Koepp, U.M., Frost Andersen, L., Dahl-Joergensen, K., Stigum, H., Nass, O. and Nystad, W. (2012) Maternal Pre-Pregnant Body Mass Index, Maternal Weight Change and Offspring Birthweight. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 91, 243-249.
[5]  Chiba, T., Ebina, S. and Kashiwakura, I. (2013) Influence of Maternal Body Mass Index on Gestational Weight Gain and Birth Weight: A Comparison of Parity. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 6, 293-298.
[6]  Kalk, P., Guthmann, F., Krause, K., Relle, K., Godes, M., Gossing, G., et al. (2009) Impact of Maternal Body Mass Index on Neonatal Outcome. European Journal of Medical Research, 14, 216.
[7]  Snedecor, G. and Cochran, W. (1989) Analysis of Variance: The Random Effects Model. Statistical Methods, Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA, 237-253.
[8]  Orskou, J., Kesmodel, U., Henriksen, T.B. and Secher, N.J. (2001) An Increasing Proportion of Infants Weigh More than 4000 Grams at Birth. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 80, 931-936.
[9]  Catalano, P., Ashmead, G., Huston-Presley, L. and Amini, S. (2005) The Obesity Cycle Comes Full Circle: Increasing Trends in Birth Weight. Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group 37th Annual Meeting, Myconos, Greece, 15-18.
[10]  Sattar, N., Greer, I.A., Galloway, P.J., Packard, C.J., Shepherd, J., Kelly, T., et al. (1999) Lipid and Lipoprotein Concentrations in Pregnancies Complicated by Intrauterine Growth Restriction. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 84, 128-130.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


微信:OALib Journal