All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Food Habits and Sport Practice According to BMI Categories and Rural/Urban Origin

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103150, PP. 1-7

Subject Areas: Sports Science, Public Health, Education, Health Policy, Anthropology, Environmental Sciences

Keywords: Urban, Rural, BMI, Habits, Lifestyle, Obesity

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

The juvenile obesity is correlated to dietary and physical activity. Moreover, the rural or urban context could affect other aspects like time available to practice sport or the availability of sport facilities. Thus, this brief report investigated the relationship between origin and food habits in children belonging to different BMI categories. Over than 1400 primary school students were interviewed with their parents about their food habits. All answers were stratified according to origin (rural/urban) and to BMI categories as defined in literature. The percentage of normal weight, overweight and obese children between rural and urban context were similar (p > 0.05). All the BMI categories were familiar to have breakfast and no differences were found between rural or urban context (p > 0.52). Over 70% of children had the principal meal in at least 15 minutes. In particular, all of them used to watch TV during this moment: no differences were found between urban/rural or BMI categories (p = 0.87 and p = 0.98). In general, most of urban children performed physical activity less than seven hours/week, while normal weight subjects were more active than obese one (p = 0.04). We concluded that school promotion and municipalities/institutions intervention could be a good solution to reach all children in environment where the amount of facilities is often poor.

Cite this paper

Pavanetto, A. , Lovecchio, N. , Zago, M. and Torre, A. L. (2016). Food Habits and Sport Practice According to BMI Categories and Rural/Urban Origin. Open Access Library Journal, 3, e3150. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1103150.

References

[1]  Tsimeas, P.D., Tsiokanos, A.L., Koutedakis, Y., Tsigilis, N. and Kellis, S. (2005) Does Living in Urban or Rural Settings Affect Aspects of Physical Fitness in Children? An Allometric Approach. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39, 671-674.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2004.017384
[2]  World Health Organization (2000) Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. WHO Technical Report Series 894, WHO, Geneva.
[3]  Bender, R., Trautner, C., Spraul, M. and Berger, M. (1998) Assessment of Excess Mortality in Obesity. American Journal of Epidemiology, 147, 42-48.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009365
[4]  Wang, Y. and Wang, Q.J. (2000) Standard Definition of Child Overweight and Obesity Worldwide. BMJ, 321, 1158.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.321.7269.1158
[5]  www.cdc.gov 
[6]  Svensson, V., Lundborg, L., Cao, Y., Nowicka, P., Marcus, C. and Sobko, T. (2011) Obesity Related Eating Behaviour Patterns in Swedish Preschool Children and Association with Age, Gender, Relative Weight and Parental Weight—Factorial Validation of the Children’s Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8, 134.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-8-134
[7]  Gortmaker, S.L., Must, A., Sobol, A.M., Peterson, K., Colditz, G.A. and Dietz, W.H. (1996) Television Viewing as a Cause of Increasing Obesity Among Children in the United States, 1986-1990. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 150, 356-362.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.1996.02170290022003
[8]  Barr, S.I., DiFrancesco, L. and Fulgoni, V.L. (2016) Association of Breakfast Consumption with Body Mass Index and Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity in a Nationally-Representa- tive Survey of Canadian Adults. Nutrition Journal, 15, 33.
[9]  Zakrzewski, J.K., Gillison, F.B., Cumming, S., Church, T.S., Katzmarzyk, P.T., Broyles, S.T., Champagne, C.M., Chaput, J.P., Denstel, K.D., Fogelholm, M., Hu, G., Kuriyan, R., Kurpad, A., Lambert, E.V., Maher, C., Maia, J., Matsudo, V., Mire, E.F., Olds, T., Onywera, V., Sarmiento, O.L., Tremblay, M.S., Tudor-Locke, C., Zhao, P. and Standage, M. (2015) Associations between Breakfast Frequency and Adiposity Indicators in Children from 12 Countries. International Journal of Obesity Supplements, 5, S80-S88.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijosup.2015.24
[10]  Ochiai, H., Shirasawa, T., Nanri, H., Nishimura, R., Matoba, M., Hoshino, H. and Kokaze, A. (2016) Eating Quickly Is Associated with Waist-to-Height Ratio among Japanese Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Archives of Public Health, 74, 18.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13690-016-0130-3
[11]  Weston, A.T., Petosa, R. and Pate, R.R. (1997) Validation of an Instrument for Measurement of Physical Activity in Youth. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 29, 138-143.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199701000-00020
[12]  Hinney, A., Herrfurth, N., Schonnop, L. and Volckmar, A.L. (2015) Genetic and Epigenetic Mechanisms in Obesity. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz, 58, 154-158.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00103-014-2094-1
[13]  Ng, S.H., Kelly, B., Se, C.H., Sathathevan, S., Chinna, K., Ismail, M.N. and Karupaiah, T. (2015) Reading the Mind of Children in Response to Food Advertising: A Cross-Sectional Study of Malaysian Schoolchildren’s Attitudes towards Food and Beverages Advertising on Television. BMC Public Health, 15, 1047.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2392-z
[14]  Pokos, N. (2002) Metodologija izdvajanja seoskog stanovnistva, njegov raspored i popisne promjene 1953-2001 [Methodology of Allocations of the Rural Population, Its Distribution and Inventory Changes]. In: Stambuk, M., Rogic, I., and Misetic, A., Eds., Prostor iza: Kako modernizacija mijenja hrvatsko selo, Institut dru?tvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar, 31-56.
[15]  Organization of United Nations (2002) World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. United Nations, New York.
[16]  Cole, T.J., Bellizzi, M.C., Dietz, W.H. and Flegal, K.M. (2000) Establishing a Standard Definition for Child Overweight and Obesity Worldwide: International Survey. BMJ, 320, 1240.
[17]  Garry, E. and John, D. (2014) Beyond Obesity and Lifestyle: A Review of 21st Century Chronic Disease Determinants. BioMed Research International, 2014, Article ID: 731685.
[18]  Lindstrom, M., Bertil, S.H. and Ostergren, P.O. (2001) Socioeconomic Differences in Leisure-Time Physical Activity: The Role of Social Participation and Social Capital in Shaping Health Related Behaviour. Social Science and Medicine, 52, 441-451.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(00)00153-2
[19]  Wilson, D.K., Lee Van Horn, M., Kitzman-Ulrich, H., Saunders, R., Pate, R., Lawman, H.G., Hutto, B., Griffin, S., Zarrett, N., Addy, C.L., Mansard, L., Mixon, G. and Brown, P.V. (2011) Results of the “Active by Choice Today” (ACT) Randomized Trial for Increasing Physical Activity in Low-Income and Minority Adolescents. Health Psychology, 30, 463- 471.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0023390

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal