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Viral Gastroenteritis among Children under 5 Years in Dutsinma Local Government Area, Katsina State, North-West Nigeria, West Africa

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102403, PP. 1-5

Subject Areas: Virology

Keywords: Rotavirus, Adenovirus, Viral Gastroenteritis, Children under Five Years, Nigeria

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Abstract

Rotaviruses and adenoviruses conjointly form the leading cause of epidemic gastroenteritis in developed and developing countries. The prevalence of this array of human viral pathogens in under five years children of Dustin-ma Local Government Area of Katsina State, North-west Nigeria was investigated on diarrheal stool samples of 152 patients of acute viral gastroenteritis by Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) as approved by the state committee on ethics after parental agreement. Analyses revealed prevalence of 54% (35/65) and 46% (30/65) for rotaviruses and adenoviruses respectively in 2013 and then 62.2% (51/82) for rotaviruses followed by 37.8% (31/82) for adenoviruses in 2014 with a total of 87 rotavirus positive samples (57.24%) while 61 samples (40.13%) were adenovirus positive. Only 4 samples (3%) were infected by other diarrheal viral pathogens.

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Joseph, G. and Godwin, A. (2016). Viral Gastroenteritis among Children under 5 Years in Dutsinma Local Government Area, Katsina State, North-West Nigeria, West Africa. Open Access Library Journal, 3, e2403. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1102403.

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