Rotaviruses and adenoviruses conjointly form the leading cause of epidemic
gastroenteritis in developed and developing countries. The prevalence of this array
of human viral pathogens in under five years children of Dustin-ma Local Government
Area of Katsina State, North-west Nigeria was investigated on diarrheal stool samples
of 152 patients of acute viral gastroenteritis by Reverse Transcription Polymerase
Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) as approved by the state committee on ethics after parental
agreement. Analyses revealed prevalence of 54% (35/65) and 46% (30/65) for rotaviruses
and adenoviruses respectively in 2013 and then 62.2% (51/82) for rotaviruses followed
by 37.8% (31/82) for adenoviruses in 2014 with a total of 87 rotavirus positive
samples (57.24%) while 61 samples (40.13%) were adenovirus positive. Only 4 samples
(3%) were infected by other diarrheal viral pathogens.
Cite this paper
Joseph, G. and Godwin, A. (2016). Viral Gastroenteritis among Children under 5 Years in Dutsinma Local Government Area, Katsina State, North-West Nigeria, West Africa. Open Access Library Journal, 3, e2403. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1102403.
Ferreiraa, C.E., Rabonia, S.M., Pereiraa, L.A., Nogueiraa, M.B., Vidala, L.R.R. and
Almeidaa, S.M. (2012) Viral Acute Gastroenteritis: Clinical and Epidemiological Features
of Co-Infected Patients. The Brazilian Journal of Infectious
Diseases, 16, 267-272.
Pison, G., Trape, J.F., Lefebvre, M. and Enel, C.
(1993) Rapid Decline in Child Mortality in a Rural
Area of Senegal. International Journal of Epidemiology, 22, 72-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/22.1.72
Anker, M. (1993) The Effect of Misclassification Error on Reported Cause-Specific Mortality
Fractions from Verbal Autopsy. International Journal of Epidemiology,26, 1090-1096. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/26.5.1090
C., O’Leary, J.J. and O’Sullivan, N.
Reverse Transcription-PCR for Detection of Rotavirus and Adenovirus as Causative
Agents of Acute Viral Gastroenteritis in Children.Journal
of Clinical Microbiology, 44, 3189-3195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00915-06
S.A., Sattar, S.A., Springthorpe, V.S., Wells, G.A. and Tostowaryk, W.
(1988) Rotavirus Survival on Human Hands and Transfer
of Infectious Virous to Animate and Non-Porous Inanimate Surfaces. Journal
of Clinical Microbiology, 26,
Davidson, P.C., Kuhlenschmidt, T.B., Bhattarai, R., Kalita, P.K. and Kuhlenschmidt, M.S.
(2013) Investigation of Rotavirus Survival in Different
Soil Fractions and Temperature Conditions. Journal of Environmental Protection, 4, 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jep.2013.47A001
Ham, H., Oh, S., Jang, J., Jo, S., Choi, S. and Pak, S.
(2014) Prevalence of Human Astrovirus in Patients
with Acute Gastroenteritis. Annals
of Laboratory Medicine, 34, 145-147. http://dx.doi.org/10.3343/alm.2014.34.2.145
V., Mohammed, M.S., Mustapha, M., Igwilo, I. and
Gnimintakpa, J. (2014) Extractibility of Thevetia Peruviana Glycoside Using Various Organic
Solvents. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 4, nb 14.
Khamrin, P., Maneekam, N., Thongprachum, A., Chaimongkol, N., Okitsu, S. and Ushijima, H. (2010)
Emergence of New Norovirus Variants and Genetic
Heterogeneity of Noroviruses and Sapoviruses in Children Admitted to Hospital with
Diarrhea in Thailand. Journal of Medical
Virology, 82, 289-296. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.21640
Bailey, P., Tsui, A.O., Janowitz, B., Dominik, R. and Araujo, L. (1990)
A Study of Infant Mortality and Causes of Death
in a Rural North-East Brazilian Community. Journal of Biosocial Science, 22, 349-363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193200001871X