The indiscriminate use of insecticide has
caused serious pollution problems of aquatic ecosystems. Imidacloprid is mainly
used to control sucking insects such as rice hoppers, aphids, thrips and some
species of beetles. Further it is known to cause apathy, myatonia, tremor and
myospasms in humans. Toxic effects of imidacloprid were estimated by selecting Katelysia
opima as an animal model. Effect of imidacloprid on total protein content
of gill, mantle, hepatopancreas, foot, male gonad and female gonad of estuarine
clam, Katelysia opima was studied. The clams were exposed to 86.6 ppm of
imidacloprid or acute treatment; it was found that there was decrease in
protein content in various tissues in LC50 as compared to control.
In LC50 group protein content was decreased in mantle
hepatopancreas, foot male and female gonad as compared to the control. This
decrease was more in foot, male gonad and female gonad in LC50 group
as compared to LC0 group. Gill, mantle and hepatopancreas showed
increase in protein content in LC50 group as compared to LC0 group. Decrease in protein content was more in foot, male gonad and female
gonad in LC50 group due to the higher concentrations of imidacloprid.
Cite this paper
Mukadam, M. D. and Kulkarni, A. S. (2014). Toxic Effect of Imidacloprid on Protein Content in Estuarine Clam, Katelysia opima (Gmelin). Open Access Library Journal, 1, e407. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1100407.
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