OALib Journal
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Apr 11, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Identification of Petroleum Degrading Bacteria and Construction of Petroleum Degrading Agent

Xingling Tao, Yabin Zhan, Tao Jiang, Chuanjiong Hu
The aim of this study is to construct petroleum degrading agent (PDA) which can effectively degrade oil. By enrichment, domestication, and separation of culture from the soil sample of Qianjiang Guanghua Oilfield, the pure culture of three petroleum degrading bacteria G-40, G-53, and G-94 was identified from the medium supplemented with oil, which served as the sole source of carbon. The species of G-40 and G-53 were preliminarily

Feb 18, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Cefuroxime-Induced Hepatocellular-Cholestatic Hepatitis with Pancytopenia

Wolfgang Kunze, Jan-Peter Streidl, Thorsten Klemm, Juliane Lutze
Drug-induced liver injury is a rare event. We report on a 15-year old girl de-veloping jaundice and a maculopapular rash with pruritus after oral cefuroxime therapy. Liver enzymes as well as total bilirubin and direct bilirubin were elevated. After eliminating other causes of hepatitis, cefuroxime-induced hepatocellular-cholestatic hepatitis with pancytopenia was diagnosed and cefuroxime therapy was stopped. The patient recovered

Nov 23, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Isolation, Identification and Characterization of Gram Negative Bacteria from Popular Street Food (Chotpoti) at Savar Area, Dhaka, Bangladesh

A. H. Happy, M. G. Alam, S. Mahmud, M. A. S. Imran, M. H. Rony, M. A. A. Azim, M. M. Islam, M. K. D. Sarker, P. Akter, G. C. Mondol, T. Hossain, M. M. Rahman, M. M. Islam, A. Roy, S. Das, M. R. Ahmed, M. E. Uddin
Chotpoti is a popular street food in the major areas of Bangladesh. Street foods play an important role in people’s daily food options as well as their regular nutritional requirements are dependent on these foods, as their ever-growing busy schedule takes away the opportunity to eat of homemade food. Due to the expedient availability, these street foods are one of the primary food options for city peoples. The present study was u

Jun 07, 2018Open    AccessArticle

The Law of Self-Replication and the Birth of Life Science

Muying Zhou
The understanding of the unique replication facts of living things helps us to discover the basic law of the life world: the law of self-replication. This law re-veals the root causes of life arising and lays the foundation stone for life sci-ence. From now on, what is a living thing, what does life mean? There has been a standard (the definition).

Apr 08, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Microbial Inoculants Development for Bioremediation of Gasoline and Diesel Contaminated Soil

Aline Jaime Leal, Edmo Montes Rodrigues, Rita de Cássia Rocha Fernandes, Arnaldo Chaer Borges, Aline Daniela Lopes Júlio, Fernanda de Souza Freitas, Marcos Rogério Tótola
In this study, we describe the development of microbial inoculants for the bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soils through the enrichment of hydrocarbonoclastic populations in municipal solid waste compost (MSWC). Respirometric analyses were performed along with quantification of total heterotrophic bacteria and ester-linked fatty acid methyl ester (EL-FAME) profiling of the microbial communities o

Mar 26, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Vaginal Infections in Pregnant Women at the Bè Hospital in Lomé (Togo) from 2008 to 2013

Koku A. Dakey, Téou Alfa, Yaovi A. Bossa, Komlan Amevo, Amétépé Kpotsra, Yaovi Ameyapoh
Sexually transmitted infections remain a public health problem almost all around the world. Women of childbearing age frequently have vulvovaginitis. The aim of this work is to evaluate the prevalence of the main germs responsible for vaginal infections in pregnant women who have had their vaginal swabs taken at Bè hospital. We conducted a retrospective study between May 2008 and December 2013, on 126 pregnant women in whom a vagi

Mar 15, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Response Surface Methodology for the Optimization of Chlorpyrifos-Degrading Conditions by Pseudomonas stutzeri ZH-1

Feng He, Mimi Zhang, Lihong Zhang, Qingping Hu
The removal of pesticides in the environment mainly depends on natural degradation, especially on microbial degradation. Biodegradation has many advantages, such as complete degradation, no secondary pollution, quick effect and wide spectrum. Based on the single-factor experiments and Box-Benhnken design, the effect of four factors on the degradation of chlorpyrifos by P. stutzeri

Mar 15, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Detection of Horizontal Transfer of Housekeeping and Hydrocarbons Catabolism Genes in Bacterial Genus with Potential to Application in Bioremediation Process

Edmo Montes Rodrigues, Fernanda de Souza Freitas, Tatiane de Paula Siqueira
In silico analysis can be useful to infer about the horizontal gene transfer (HGT) as well as to deduce about the evolutionary relations of catabolic genes. In this study, we performed the analysis of two housekeeping genes (fabD and rpoD) and two catabolic gene

Jan 11, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Sargassum, Gracilaria and Ulva Exhibit Positive Antimicrobial Activity against Human Pathogens

Amrit Kumar Mishra
Bacterial resistance to pharmaceutical drugs is on rise, which emphasizes the need for screening of new drugs from natural resources. Seaweeds from the marine ecosystem are important source of bioactive compounds making them one of the major subjects for screening of various pharmaceutical drugs. So here, we assessed the bacterial growth inhibitory functions of four seaweeds Sargassum wightii

Dec 21, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Antimicrobial Activity, Cytotoxicity and Phytochemical Analysis of Sanguinaria canadensis Native to South Dakota

Gitanjali NandaKafle, R. Neil Reese, Robert Oda
A methanolic extract of Sanguinaria canadensis rhizome contains a mixture of benzophenanthridine alkaloids with the major component sanguinarine. American Indians used this rhizome in the treatment of rheumatism, asthma, bronchitis, lung ailments, fever, and warts. Lethal diarrhea in neonatal and post-weaned pigs due to enterotoxigenic Escherchia coli (ETEC) is a major problem among the swine producers of South Dakota region. The increasing resistance of ETEC towards synthetic antibiotics is a m...