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Feb 26, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Effects of Nitrogen Rates on Cotton under Different Plant Available Water Capacity Sites in Pyawbwe, Central Dry Zone of Myanmar

Thu Zar Win, Aye Aye Than, Kyaw Ngwe, Aye Aye Khaing
Soil water content and nutrient availability are two main factors of limiting plant growth and productivity in an uncertain rainfall area likes central dry zone of Myanmar (CDZ). The aim of this research was to observe the effects of nitrogen (N) rates on rainfed cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under different plant available water capacity (PAWC) sites. The field experiments were conducted during post-monsoon season 2019 at two sites, Pawaingyoe and Kokkokhahla, of Pyawbwe Township having differ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107137


Jan 22, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Improvement of the Nutritional and Technological Quality of Rice by Steaming

Rasoazanakolona Voahanginirina, Rakotonjanahary Xavier
The parboiling rice is rarely practiced technique in Madagascar, despite its many advantages. In this study, we have shown interests from the operations of our local varieties (Rojomena, red varygasy, Marisika, FOFIFA 159 “Mahasoa” (useful), FOFIFA 161 “Mahefa” (competent), FOFIFA 172) and identification of qualities offered: there was a variation in the optimal steaming time according to varieties; there was also a technological improving (as yield in whole grains, and as quick cooking food), n...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107081


Sep 27, 2020Open    AccessArticle

An Evaluation of the Efficacy of Botanical Pesticides for Fall Armyworm Control in Maize Production

Martin Kanjolo Siazemo, Paul Simfukwe
Since the report of the Fall armyworm (FAW) (Spodoptera frugiperda) in 2016 in Africa, the FAW has widely spread in Zambia, causing significant damage to maize, rice sorghum and other crops. The botanical extracts from Neem leaves, Garlic cloves and Chinaberry leaves efficacies were compared to Cypermethrin insecticide for FAW control in maize. A Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with four replications and Seedco SC 403 maize variety were used as a test crop. Ten FAW larvae were artificial...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106746


Jul 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Indigenous Knowledge and Conservation of Medicinal Plants in Rungwe District, Tanzania

Suma F. Kibonde
Indigenous knowledge provides basis for local level decision making in natural resources conservation in rural communities. However, until recently little has been done to search for indigenous knowledge applied in conserving medicinal plants. This paper attempted to focus on indigenous knowledge used in natural resources; particularly medicinal plants in Rungwe District, Mbeya Region, Tanzania. Results revealed that selective harvesting of medicinal plant parts was popular by 94% of the respond...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106545


May 20, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Production in Republic of Congo Using Hydroponic System

Romeo Ekoungoulou, Espoire Brice Rahmat Mouendo Mikouendanandi
Hydroponic is a subset of hydroculture, which is a method of growing plants without soil by instead using mineral nutrient solutions in a water solvent. The study aimed to assess the behavior of Minetto and Blonde de Paris varieties of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in hydroculture. The experiments tanks have been installed in Talanga? Micro-garden site, located in Kimbanguiste Church at Brazzaville. The lettuce seeds were sown in a nursery tank, and then transplanted into 4 hydroponic production t...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106339


Apr 10, 2020Open    AccessArticle

WITHDRAWN: Phytochemical Characterization of Natural Dye Extracted from Senna siamea Pods

Sonali Hindurao Patil, Dilip Damodar Kurlapkar, Dattaraya Krishna Gaikwad
Short Withdrawal Notice
This paper is withdrawn from Open Access Library Journal (OALibJ) according to authors’ withdrawal request. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apology for any inconvenience this withdrawal may have caused.

The full withdrawal notice in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked "WITHDRAWN".
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106148


Mar 16, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Factors Affecting the Quality of Peanut Seeds

Rasoazanakolona Voahanginirina
Agricultural research has shown that depending on the variety, groundnuts can be more or less sensitive to fertilizer inputs. There are varieties indifferent to fertilizer inputs and varieties that are better able to receive this mode of treatment for a given site. The response to fertilization can be manifested in different ways: increasing the number of seeds, increasing the weight of seeds, increasing the oil content, improving the morphological or physiological characters of the plant; simil...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106115


Feb 28, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Effects of Allelochemical of Jatropha curcas L. Leachate on Germination and Shooting of Four (4) Pepper (Capsicum) Species in Keffi Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Chukwudi Christopher Ubazi, Bello Muhammad Abdulkarim, Josiah Chukwudi Onovo, Racheal Ozofu Ewule, Shatu Wudiri Asala, Peter Napoleon Idachaba
A laboratory study was carried out to evaluate the effect of leaf aqueous extract of Jatropha curcas L. on germination and early shoot growth of four pepper (Capsicum) species at the Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology Laboratory, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria. Data collected were percentage inhibition and shoot length. Results from the experiment indicated that there was significant difference between the treatments (4%, 8%, 12%, 16% and
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106098


Feb 18, 2020Open    AccessArticle

GC-MS Characterization of Ethanolic Extract from Croton wagneri Müll. Arg.

José González, Julio Pérez, Max Monan, Osvaldo Rodríguez
An ethanolic extract at 50% obtained by maceration process was characterized by GC-MS using a Shimadzu QP2010 spectrometer and the Silylation agent was N,O-bis (trimethylsilyl) trifluoroacetamide (BSTFA). The compounds were analyzed using GC/MS NIST21 and NIST107 libraries and having into account the results obtained after phytochemical screening and comparing the results with NISTDEMO Software. After 78 minutes of running 859 chemical components were identifie
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106086


Jan 20, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Bromatological Analysis and Antioxidant Capacity of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. in Cuba

Francis Brown, José González, Enrique C. Cejas, Max Monan, Iván S. Sayago
Towards authentication and quality assurance of medicinal plants, calyces of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. recollected from the Experimental Station of Medicinal Plants “Dr Juan Tomas Roig” between January and April 2016 were analyzed to determine its bromatological properties (moisture content; dry matter; fat; protein; total ash; mineral contents) and its antioxidant
...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105920


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